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Ethyl butyrate

Description Uses References
Ethyl butyrate
Ethyl butyrate structure
Chemical Name:
Ethyl butyrate
FEMA 2427;BUTYRIC ETHER;Butylic Ether;Butyric ester;lithylbutyrat;EthylButylate;ETHYL BUTYRATE;Butyric acid-e;ETHYL BUTANOATE;femanumber2427.
Molecular Formula:
Formula Weight:
MOL File:

Ethyl butyrate Properties

Melting point:
-93.3 °C
Boiling point:
120 °C(lit.)
0.875 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
vapor density 
4 (vs air)
vapor pressure 
15.5 mm Hg ( 25 °C)
refractive index 
n20/D 1.392(lit.)
Flash point:
67 °F
storage temp. 
Flammables area
Soluble in propylene glycol, paraffin oil, and kerosene.
Clear colorless
Like apple or pineapple.
Water Solubility 
practically insoluble
JECFA Number
Stable. Flammable. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, acids, bases.
CAS DataBase Reference
105-54-4(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST Chemistry Reference
Butanoic acid, ethyl ester(105-54-4)
EPA Substance Registry System
Butanoic acid, ethyl ester(105-54-4)
  • Risk and Safety Statements
  • Hazard and Precautionary Statements (GHS)
  • NFPA
Hazard Codes  Xi
Risk Statements  10-36/37/38
Safety Statements  16-26-36
RIDADR  UN 1180 3/PG 3
WGK Germany  1
RTECS  ET1660000
Autoignition Temperature 865 °F
HazardClass  3
PackingGroup  III
HS Code  29156000
Hazardous Substances Data 105-54-4(Hazardous Substances Data)
Toxicity LD50 orally in rats: 13,050 mg/kg (Jenner)
Signal word: Warning
Hazard statements:
Code Hazard statements Hazard class Category Signal word Pictogram P-Codes
H226 Flammable liquid and vapour Flammable liquids Category 3 Warning
H315 Causes skin irritation Skin corrosion/irritation Category 2 Warning P264, P280, P302+P352, P321,P332+P313, P362
H319 Causes serious eye irritation Serious eye damage/eye irritation Category 2A Warning P264, P280, P305+P351+P338,P337+P313P
H335 May cause respiratory irritation Specific target organ toxicity, single exposure;Respiratory tract irritation Category 3 Warning
Precautionary statements:
P210 Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. — No smoking.
P233 Keep container tightly closed.
P240 Ground/bond container and receiving equipment.
P261 Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P264 Wash hands thoroughly after handling.
P264 Wash skin thouroughly after handling.
P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
P303+P361+P353 IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off Immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse SKIN with water/shower.
P305+P351+P338 IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continuerinsing.
P370+P378 In case of fire: Use … for extinction.
P405 Store locked up.
P403+P235 Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep cool.
P501 Dispose of contents/container to..…

NFPA 704

Diamond Hazard Value Description
1 0
Health   1 Exposure would cause irritation with only minor residual injury (e.g. acetone, sodium bromate, potassium chloride)
Flammability   3 Liquids and solids (including finely divided suspended solids) that can be ignited under almost all ambient temperature conditions . Liquids having a flash point below 22.8 °C (73 °F) and having a boiling point at or above 37.8 °C (100 °F) or having a flash point between 22.8 and 37.8 °C (73 and 100 °F). (e.g. gasoline, acetone)
Instability   0 Normally stable, even under fire exposure conditions, and is not reactive with water (e.g. helium,N2)

(NFPA, 2010)

Ethyl butyrate price More Price(18)

Manufacturer Product number Product description CAS number Packaging Price Updated Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 75563 Ethyl butyrate analytical standard 105-54-4 1ml $21.4 2018-11-13 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 75563 Ethyl butyrate analytical standard 105-54-4 5ml $72.1 2018-11-13 Buy
TCI Chemical B0759 Ethyl Butyrate >98.0%(GC) 105-54-4 25mL $17 2018-11-22 Buy
TCI Chemical B0759 Ethyl Butyrate >98.0%(GC) 105-54-4 500mL $29 2018-11-22 Buy
Alfa Aesar L06025 Ethyl butyrate, 99% 105-54-4 250ml $20.1 2018-11-13 Buy

Ethyl butyrate Chemical Properties,Uses,Production


Ethyl butyrate is an ester soluble in propylene glycol, paraffin oil, and kerosene. It has a fruity odor, similar to pineapple. Ethyl butyrate is present in many fruits e.g. apple, apricot, banana, plum, tangerine etc.
Ethyl butyrate is used as an artificial flavoring resembling orange juice or pineapple in alcoholic beverages, as an ingredient of fragrance, and as a solvent and plasticizer for cellulose. It is also used in the production of polyvinyl butyral (PVB).


Ethyl Butyrate is used in flavorings, extracts, perfumery, and as a solvent. These are not necessarily FDA approved indications, but instead are uses of liquid nitrogen.It is synthesized by reacting ethanol and butyric acid in a condensation reaction.
Ethyl Butyrate is perceived as a tropical fruit, tutti fruity, mango or pineapple flavour. One of the ester flavours found in most beers, it can also be perceived as a slightly cheesy fruit flavour. Ethyl Butyrate generally occurs in beers due to fermentation and too much is normally considered an off flavour.
Applications: artificial flavoring resembling orange juice or pineapple in alcoholic beverages, as a solvent in perfumes, and as a plasticizer for cellulose.




Ethyl butyrate, also known as ethyl butanoate, or butyric ether, is an ester with the chemical formula CH3CH2CH2COO.CH2CH3.It is soluble in propylene glycol, paraffin oil, and kerosene.It has a fruity odor, similar to pineapple.

Chemical Properties

Ethyl butyrate is a colorless liquid. Pineapple odor. The Odor Threshold is 0.015 ppm.

Chemical Properties

colourless liquid with a fruity odour

Chemical Properties

Ethyl Butyrate occurs in fruits and alcoholic beverages, but also in other foods such as cheese. It has a fruity odor, reminiscent of pineapples. Large amounts are used in perfume and in flavor compositions.

Chemical Properties

Ethyl butyrate has a fruity odor with pineapple undertone and sweet, analogous taste.


Identified by gas chromatography in olive oil and other vegetable oils. Reported found in apple, banana, citrus peel oils and juices, cranberry, blueberry, black currants, guava, grapes, papaya, strawberry, onion, leek, cheeses, chicken, beef, beer, cognac, rum, whiskies, cider, sherry, grape wines, coffee, honey, soybeans, olives, passion fruit, plums, mushroom, mango, fruit brandies, kiwifruit, mussels and pawpaw.


It is commonly used as artificial flavoring resembling orange juice or pineapple in alcoholic beverages (e.g. martinis, daiquiris etc.), as a solvent in perfumery products, and as a plasticizer for cellulose. In addition, ethyl butyrate is often also added to orange juice, as most associate its odor with that of fresh orange juice.
Ethyl butyrate is one of the most common chemicals used in flavors and fragrances. It can be used in a variety of flavors: orange (most common), cherry, pineapple, mango, guava, bubblegum, peach, apricot, fig, and plum. In industrial use, it is also one of the cheapest chemicals, which only adds to its popularity.


manufacture of artificial rum; perfumery; the alcoholic solution constitutes the so-called "pineapple oil".

Production Methods

Ethyl Butyrate can be synthesized by reacting ethanol and butyric acid. This is a condensation reaction, meaning water is produced in the reaction as a byproduct.


By esterification of n-butyric acid with ethyl alcohol in the presence of Twichell’s reagent or MgCI2; also by heating n-butyl alcohol and ethanol over CuO + UO3 catalyst at 270°C

Aroma threshold values

Detection: 0.1 to 18 ppb

Taste threshold values

Taste characteristics at 20 ppm: fruity, sweet, tutti-frutti, apple, fresh and lifting, ethereal.

General Description

A clear colorless liquid with a pineapple-like odor. Flash point 78°F. Less dense than water and insoluble in water. Vapors heavier than air.

Air & Water Reactions

Highly flammable. Insoluble in water.

Reactivity Profile

Ethyl butyrate is an ester. Esters react with acids to liberate heat along with alcohols and acids. Strong oxidizing acids may cause a vigorous reaction that is sufficiently exothermic to ignite the reaction products. Heat is also generated by the interaction of esters with caustic solutions. Flammable hydrogen is generated by mixing esters with alkali metals and hydrides. May attack some forms of plastics [USCG, 1999].


Irritant to eyes and mucous membranes, narcotic in high concentration. Flammable, dangerous fire risk.

Health Hazard

Inhalation or ingestion causes headache, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, and narcosis. Contact with liquid irritates eyes.

Fire Hazard

Behavior in Fire: Vapor is heavier than air and may travel to a source of ignition and flash back. Containers may explode in fire.

Fire Hazard

Flash Point (°F): 85 ℃; 75 ℃; Flammable Limits in Air (%): Data not available; Fire Extinguishing Agents: Dry chemical, alcohol foam, carbon dioxide; Fire Extinguishing Agents Not To Be Used: Water may be ineffective; Special Hazards of Combustion Products: Data not available; Behavior in Fire: Vapor is heavier than fire and may travel considerable distance to a source of ignition and flash back. Containers may explode in fire; Ignition Temperature (°F): 865; Electrical Hazard: Data not available; Burning Rate: 4.72 mm/min.

Chemical Reactivity

Reactivity with Water: No reaction; Reactivity with Common Materials: May attack some forms of plastics; Stability During Transport: Stable; Neutralizing Agents for Acids and Caustics: Not pertinent; Polymerization: Not pertinent; Inhibitor of Polymerization: Not pertinent.

Safety Profile

Wdly toxic by ingestion. A skin irritant. Flammable liquid when exposed to heat or flame; can react vigorously with oxidizing materials. When heated to decomposition it emits acrid smoke and irritating fumes. See also ESTERS.

Potential Exposure

Ethyl butyrate, and aldehyde, is used in flavorings, extracts, perfumery, and as a solvent.


UN1180; UN1178 Ethyl butyrate, Hazard Class: 3; Labels: 3-Flammable liquid

Purification Methods

Dry the ester with anhydrous CuSO4 and distil it under dry nitrogen. [Beilstein 2 IV 787.]


Vapor explosive mixture with air. Ethers can act as bases. They form salts with strong acids and addition complexes with Lewis acids. The complex between diethyl ether and boron trifluoride is an example. Ethers may react violently with strong oxidizing agents. In other reactions, which typically involve the breaking of the carbon-oxygen bond, ethers are relatively inert. Incompatible with alkaline materials, strong acids, oxidizers (chlorates, nitrates, peroxides, permanganates, perchlorates, chlorine, bromine, fluorine, etc.); contact may cause fires or explosions. Keep away from strong bases and heat

Waste Disposal

Dissolve or mix the material with a combustible solvent and burn in a chemical incinerator equipped with an afterburner and scrubber. All federal, state, and local environmental regulations must be observed

Ethyl butyrate Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products

Ethyl butyrate Suppliers

Global( 217)Suppliers
Supplier Tel Fax Email Country ProdList Advantage
Mainchem Co., Ltd.
+86-0592-6210733 CHINA 32452 55
Xiamen AmoyChem Co., Ltd
+86 (0)592-605 1114 CHINA 6374 58
career henan chemical co
+86-371-86658258 CHINA 25796 58
Chemwill Asia Co.,Ltd.
86-21-51861608;;; CHINA 23957 58
Hubei Jusheng Technology Co.,Ltd.
86-188-71490254 CHINA 20084 58
Haihang Industry Co.,Ltd
+86 531 8582 1093 CHINA 8267 58
(323) 306-3136
(626) 453-0409 United States 8407 58
Hubei xin bonus chemical co. LTD
13657299721 CHINA 17424 58
Henan Wei Yuan Biotechnology Co., Ltd. 0371-27536887/13598786556
0371-27536887 China 71 62
J & K SCIENTIFIC LTD. 400-666-7788 +86-10-82848833
+86-10-82849933; China 96815 76

View Lastest Price from Ethyl butyrate manufacturers

Image Release date Product Price Min. Order Purity Supply Ability Manufacturer
2019-07-11 Ethyl butyrate
US $1.00 / KG 1KG 99% 1ton career henan chemical co
2018-08-01 Ethyl butyrate
US $10.00 / KG 25KG 99% 500KG career henan chemical co

Ethyl butyrate Spectrum

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