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Ethyl formate

Ethyl formate
Ethyl formate
CAS No.
109-94-4
Chemical Name:
Ethyl formate
Synonyms
Areginal;HCOOC2H5;FEMA 2434;FORMIC ETHER;Ethylformiat;Ethyl forMat;Aethylformiat;ETHYL FORMATE;Ethylformiaat;mrowczanetylu
CBNumber:
CB3411274
Molecular Formula:
C3H6O2
Formula Weight:
74.08
MOL File:
109-94-4.mol

Ethyl formate Properties

Melting point:
−80 °C(lit.)
Boiling point:
52-54 °C(lit.)
Density 
0.921 g/mL at 20 °C(lit.)
vapor density 
2.5 (vs air)
vapor pressure 
15.16 psi ( 55 °C)
refractive index 
n20/D 1.359(lit.)
FEMA 
2434 | ETHYL FORMATE
Flash point:
7 °F
storage temp. 
Flammables area
form 
Liquid
color 
Clear
explosive limit
16%
Water Solubility 
11 g/100 mL (18 ºC)
Sensitive 
Moisture Sensitive
Merck 
14,3807
BRN 
906769
Stability:
Stable. Extremely flammable. May form explosive mixtures with air. Note low flash point and wide explosive limits. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, strong bases, strong acids, nitrates.
InChIKey
WBJINCZRORDGAQ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
CAS DataBase Reference
109-94-4(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST Chemistry Reference
Formic acid, ethyl ester(109-94-4)
EPA Substance Registry System
Formic acid, ethyl ester(109-94-4)
SAFETY
  • Risk and Safety Statements
  • Hazard and Precautionary Statements (GHS)
Hazard Codes  F,Xn
Risk Statements  11-20/22-36/37
Safety Statements  9-16-24-26-33
RIDADR  UN 1190 3/PG 2
WGK Germany  1
RTECS  LQ8400000
TSCA  Yes
HazardClass  3
PackingGroup  II
Hazardous Substances Data 109-94-4(Hazardous Substances Data)
Toxicity LD50 orally in rats: 4.29 g/kg (Smyth)
Symbol(GHS):
Signal word: Danger
Hazard statements:
Code Hazard statements Hazard class Category Signal word Pictogram P-Codes
H225 Highly Flammable liquid and vapour Flammable liquids Category 2 Danger P210,P233, P240, P241, P242, P243,P280, P303+ P361+P353, P370+P378,P403+P235, P501
H302 Harmful if swallowed Acute toxicity,oral Category 4 Warning P264, P270, P301+P312, P330, P501
H319 Causes serious eye irritation Serious eye damage/eye irritation Category 2A Warning P264, P280, P305+P351+P338,P337+P313P
H332 Harmful if inhaled Acute toxicity,inhalation Category 4 Warning P261, P271, P304+P340, P312
H335 May cause respiratory irritation Specific target organ toxicity, single exposure;Respiratory tract irritation Category 3 Warning
Precautionary statements:
P210 Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. — No smoking.
P243 Take precautionary measures against static discharge.
P261 Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P262 Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing.
P305+P351+P338 IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continuerinsing.
P370+P378 In case of fire: Use … for extinction.
P403 Store in a well-ventilated place.
P403+P235 Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep cool.

Ethyl formate price More Price(20)

Manufacturer Product number Product description CAS number Packaging Price Updated Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 112682 Ethyl formate reagent grade, 97% 109-94-4 25ml $29.3 2018-11-13 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 112682 Ethyl formate reagent grade, 97% 109-94-4 2.5l $173 2018-11-13 Buy
TCI Chemical F0053 Ethyl Formate >98.0%(GC) 109-94-4 25mL $14 2017-12-01 Buy
TCI Chemical F0053 Ethyl Formate >98.0%(GC) 109-94-4 500mL $31 2017-12-01 Buy
Alfa Aesar A11113 Ethyl formate, 97% 109-94-4 500ml $36.1 2018-11-13 Buy

Ethyl formate Chemical Properties,Uses,Production

Chemical Properties

colourless liquid with an aromatic odour

Definition

ChEBI: A formate ester resulting from the formal condensation of formic acid with ethanol.

Uses

As flavor for lemonades and essences; for manufacture of artificial rum and arrack; also as a solvent for nitrocellulose; as fungicide and larvicide for tobacco, cereals, dried fruits, etc.; in organic synthesis.

General Description

A clear colorless liquid with a pleasant odor. Flash point -4°F. Less dense than water. Vapors heavier than air.

Air & Water Reactions

Highly flammable. Soluble in water. Slowly decomposed by water to formic acid, a corrosive material and ethyl alcohol, another flammable liquid.

Reactivity Profile

Ethyl formate is an ester. Esters react with acids to liberate heat along with alcohols and acids. Strong oxidizing acids may cause a vigorous reaction that is sufficiently exothermic to ignite the reaction products. Heat is also generated by the interaction of esters with caustic solutions. Flammable hydrogen is generated by mixing esters with alkali metals and hydrides. Ethyl formate is incompatible with the following: Nitrates; strong oxidizers, alkalis & acids [Note: Decomposes slowly in water to form ethyl alcohol and formic acid.] .

Health Hazard

Inhalation of vapor causes slight irritation of the eyes and rapidly increasing irritation of the nose. High concentrations cause deep narcosis within a few minutes followed by death within a few hours. Contact with liquid causes moderate irritation of eyes and mild irritation of skin. Ingestion causes irritation of mouth and stomach; may cause deep narcosis and death if not treated.

Fire Hazard

Behavior in Fire: Vapor is heavier than air and may travel long distance to a source of ignition and flash back.

Agricultural Uses

Fumigant, Insecticide: Used as a fumigant, especially on dried fruit, Also used as a solvent for cellulose nitrate and acetate and in the production of synthetic flavors. Not currently registered for agricultural use in EU countries and the U.S. Used in Australia and there are 63 global suppliers.

Purification Methods

Free acid or alcohol is removed by standing the ester over anhydrous K2CO3, with occasional shaking, then decanting and distilling from P2O5. Alternatively, the ester can be kept over CaH2 for several days, then distilled from fresh CaH2. It cannot be dried with CaCl2 because it reacts rapidly with the ester to form a crystalline compound. [Beilstein 2 IV 23.]

Ethyl formate Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products


Ethyl formate Suppliers

Global( 238)Suppliers
Supplier Tel Fax Email Country ProdList Advantage
Shenzhen Sendi Biotechnology Co.Ltd.
0755-23311925 18102838259
0755-23311925 Abel@chembj.com CHINA 3218 55
Henan DaKen Chemical CO.,LTD.
+86-371-55531817
inquiry@dakenchem.com CHINA 22119 58
Henan Tianfu Chemical Co.,Ltd.
0371-55170693
0371-55170693 info@tianfuchem.com CHINA 20795 55
Mainchem Co., Ltd.
+86-0592-6210733
+86-0592-6210733 sales@mainchem.com CHINA 32764 55
Hefei TNJ Chemical Industry Co.,Ltd.
86-0551-65418684 18949823763
86-0551-65418684 info@tnjchem.com China 1465 55
Shanghai Aladdin Bio-Chem Technology Co.,LTD 021-20337333/400-620-6333
021-50323701 sale@aladdin-e.com China 25126 65
J & K SCIENTIFIC LTD. 400-666-7788 +86-10-82848833
+86-10-82849933 jkinfo@jkchemical.com;market6@jkchemical.com China 96815 76
Meryer (Shanghai) Chemical Technology Co., Ltd. +86-(0)21-61259100(Shanghai) +86-(0)755-86170099(ShenZhen) +86-(0)10-62670440(Beijing)
+86-(0)21-61259102(Shanghai) +86-(0)755-86170066(ShenZhen) +86-(0)10-88580358(Beijing) sh@meryer.com China 40399 62
3B Pharmachem (Wuhan) International Co.,Ltd. 86-21-50328103 * 801、802、803、804 Mobile:18930552037
86-21-50328109 3bsc@sina.com China 15940 69
Alfa Aesar 400-610-6006; 021-67582000
021-67582001/03/05 saleschina@alfa-asia.com China 30308 84

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