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Ethyl formate

Ethyl formate
Ethyl formate
CAS No.
109-94-4
Chemical Name:
Ethyl formate
Synonyms
HCOOC2H5;Areginal;FEMA 2434;Ethylformiat;Ethyl forMat;FORMIC ETHER;mrowczanetylu;ETHYL FORMATE;Aethylformiat;Ethylformiaat
CBNumber:
CB3411274
Molecular Formula:
C3H6O2
Formula Weight:
74.08
MOL File:
109-94-4.mol

Ethyl formate Properties

Melting point:
−80 °C(lit.)
Boiling point:
52-54 °C(lit.)
Density 
0.921 g/mL at 20 °C(lit.)
vapor density 
2.5 (vs air)
vapor pressure 
15.16 psi ( 55 °C)
refractive index 
n20/D 1.359(lit.)
FEMA 
2434 | ETHYL FORMATE
Flash point:
7 °F
storage temp. 
Flammables area
form 
Liquid
color 
Clear
Odor
Characteristic; pleasant aromatic.
explosive limit
16%
Water Solubility 
11 g/100 mL (18 ºC)
Sensitive 
Moisture Sensitive
Merck 
14,3807
BRN 
906769
Stability:
Stable. Extremely flammable. May form explosive mixtures with air. Note low flash point and wide explosive limits. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, strong bases, strong acids, nitrates.
InChIKey
WBJINCZRORDGAQ-UHFFFAOYSA-N
CAS DataBase Reference
109-94-4(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST Chemistry Reference
Formic acid, ethyl ester(109-94-4)
EPA Substance Registry System
Formic acid, ethyl ester(109-94-4)
SAFETY
  • Risk and Safety Statements
  • Hazard and Precautionary Statements (GHS)
Hazard Codes  F,Xn
Risk Statements  11-20/22-36/37
Safety Statements  9-16-24-26-33
RIDADR  UN 1190 3/PG 2
WGK Germany  1
RTECS  LQ8400000
Autoignition Temperature 851 °F
TSCA  Yes
HazardClass  3
PackingGroup  II
HS Code  29151300
Hazardous Substances Data 109-94-4(Hazardous Substances Data)
Toxicity LD50 orally in rats: 4.29 g/kg (Smyth)
Symbol(GHS):
Signal word: Danger
Hazard statements:
Code Hazard statements Hazard class Category Signal word Pictogram P-Codes
H225 Highly Flammable liquid and vapour Flammable liquids Category 2 Danger P210,P233, P240, P241, P242, P243,P280, P303+ P361+P353, P370+P378,P403+P235, P501
H302 Harmful if swallowed Acute toxicity,oral Category 4 Warning P264, P270, P301+P312, P330, P501
H319 Causes serious eye irritation Serious eye damage/eye irritation Category 2A Warning P264, P280, P305+P351+P338,P337+P313P
H332 Harmful if inhaled Acute toxicity,inhalation Category 4 Warning P261, P271, P304+P340, P312
H335 May cause respiratory irritation Specific target organ toxicity, single exposure;Respiratory tract irritation Category 3 Warning
Precautionary statements:
P210 Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. — No smoking.
P243 Take precautionary measures against static discharge.
P261 Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P262 Do not get in eyes, on skin, or on clothing.
P305+P351+P338 IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continuerinsing.
P370+P378 In case of fire: Use … for extinction.
P403 Store in a well-ventilated place.
P403+P235 Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep cool.

Ethyl formate price More Price(20)

Manufacturer Product number Product description CAS number Packaging Price Updated Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 112682 Ethyl formate reagent grade, 97% 109-94-4 25ml $29.3 2018-11-13 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 112682 Ethyl formate reagent grade, 97% 109-94-4 2.5l $173 2018-11-13 Buy
TCI Chemical F0053 Ethyl Formate >98.0%(GC) 109-94-4 25mL $14 2018-11-22 Buy
TCI Chemical F0053 Ethyl Formate >98.0%(GC) 109-94-4 500mL $32 2018-11-22 Buy
Alfa Aesar A11113 Ethyl formate, 97% 109-94-4 500ml $36.1 2018-11-13 Buy

Ethyl formate Chemical Properties,Uses,Production

Chemical Properties

colourless liquid with an aromatic odour

Chemical Properties

Ethyl formate is a colorless liquid with a fruity odor.

Uses

Plant volatiles such as ethyl formate have been shown to have insecticidal properties as fumigant. The efficacy of ethyl formate against insect pests of food commodities, bagged cereals, spices, pulses, dry fruits and oilcakes had been proved. The fumigant was known to provide a high mortality of mixed stage cultures of the key stored product pests, with limited efficacy against the pupal stage of few pests like S. oryzae. The advantages of ethyl formate include natural occurrence in food; rapid kill of insects (2-4 hours); fast breakdown of residues to natural products and low human toxicity. However the fumigant exhibits poor penetration characteristics and high doses (>120 g/t of grain) were required to control internal feeders, which was higher than the flammable limit of 85 g/t. Formulations of ethyl formate in liquid carbon dioxide were found to overcome the problems of flammability and poor penetration.

Uses

Ethyl Formate is a flavoring agent that occurs naturally in some plant oils, fruits, and juices but does not occur naturally in the ani- mal kingdom. it is used in food at a maximum level, as served, of 0.05% in baked goods; 0.04% in chewing gum, hard candy, and soft candy; 0.02% in frozen dairy desserts; 0.03% in gelatins, puddings, and fillings; and 0.01% in all other food categories. it is an ester of formic acid and is prepared by esterification of formic acid with ethyl alcohol or by distillation of ethyl acetate and formic acid in the presence of concentrated sulfuric acid.

Definition

ChEBI: A formate ester resulting from the formal condensation of formic acid with ethanol.

Uses

As flavor for lemonades and essences; for manufacture of artificial rum and arrack; also as a solvent for nitrocellulose; as fungicide and larvicide for tobacco, cereals, dried fruits, etc.; in organic synthesis.

General Description

A clear colorless liquid with a pleasant odor. Flash point -4°F. Less dense than water. Vapors heavier than air.

Air & Water Reactions

Highly flammable. Soluble in water. Slowly decomposed by water to formic acid, a corrosive material and ethyl alcohol, another flammable liquid.

Reactivity Profile

Ethyl formate is an ester. Esters react with acids to liberate heat along with alcohols and acids. Strong oxidizing acids may cause a vigorous reaction that is sufficiently exothermic to ignite the reaction products. Heat is also generated by the interaction of esters with caustic solutions. Flammable hydrogen is generated by mixing esters with alkali metals and hydrides. Ethyl formate is incompatible with the following: Nitrates; strong oxidizers, alkalis & acids [Note: Decomposes slowly in water to form ethyl alcohol and formic acid.] .

Hazard

Narcotic and irritant to skin and eyes; use in foods restricted to 0.0015%. Highly flammable, dangerous fire and explosion risk. Questionable carcinogen.

Health Hazard

Inhalation of vapor causes slight irritation of the eyes and rapidly increasing irritation of the nose. High concentrations cause deep narcosis within a few minutes followed by death within a few hours. Contact with liquid causes moderate irritation of eyes and mild irritation of skin. Ingestion causes irritation of mouth and stomach; may cause deep narcosis and death if not treated.

Fire Hazard

Behavior in Fire: Vapor is heavier than air and may travel long distance to a source of ignition and flash back.

Fire Hazard

Flash Point (°F): 10 ℃; -4 ℃; Flammable Limits in Air (%): 2.8-16.0; Fire Extinguishing Agents: Dry chemical, alcohol foam, carbon dioxide; Fire Extinguishing Agents Not To Be Used: Water may be ineffective; Special Hazards of Combustion Products: Not pertinent; Behavior in Fire: Vapor is heavier than air and may travel considerable distance to a source of ignition and flash back; Ignition Temperature (°F): 851; Electrical Hazard: Data not available; Burning Rate: 3.6 mm/min.

Chemical Reactivity

Reactivity with Water No reaction; Reactivity with Common Materials: No reaction; Stability During Transport: Stable; Neutralizing Agents for Acids and Caustics: Not pertinent; Polymerization: Not pertinent; Inhibitor of Polymerization: Not pertinent.

Agricultural Uses

Fumigant, Insecticide: Used as a fumigant, especially on dried fruit, Also used as a solvent for cellulose nitrate and acetate and in the production of synthetic flavors. Not currently registered for agricultural use in EU countries and the U.S. Used in Australia and there are 63 global suppliers.

Safety Profile

Moderately toxic by ingestion and subcutaneous routes. Mddly toxic by skin contact and inhalation. A powerful inhalation irritant in humans. A skin and eye irritant. Questionable carcinogen with experimental tumorigenic data. Highly flammable liquid. A very dangerous fire and explosion hazard when exposed to heat, flame, or oxilzers. To fight fire, use alcohol foam, spray, mist, dry chemical. When heated to decomposition it emits acrid smoke and irritating fumes. See also ESTERS.

Potential Exposure

This material is used as an emulsifier; food and feed additive; flavor, packaging material; as a solvent for cellulose nitrate and acetate; it is used as a fumigant and in the production of synthetic flavors. It is also a raw material in pharmaceutical manufacture

First aid

If this chemical gets into the eyes, remove any contact lenses at once and irrigate immediately for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting upper and lower lids. Seek medical attention immediately. If this chemical contacts the skin, remove contaminated clothing and wash immediately with soap and water. Seek medical attention immediately. If this chemical has been inhaled, remove from exposure, begin rescue breathing (using universal precautions, including resuscitation mask) if breathing has stopped and CPR if heart action has stopped. Transfer promptly to a medical facility. When this chemical has been swallowed, get medical attention. Give large quantities of water and induce vomiting. Do not make an unconscious person vomit. Medical observation is recommended for 24 to 48 hours after breathing overexposure, as pulmonary edema may be delayed. As first aid for pulmonary edema, a doctor or authorized paramedic may consider administering a drug or other inhalation therapy

Shipping

UN1190 Ethyl formate, Hazard Class: 3; Labels: 3-Flammable liquid

Purification Methods

Free acid or alcohol is removed by standing the ester over anhydrous K2CO3, with occasional shaking, then decanting and distilling from P2O5. Alternatively, the ester can be kept over CaH2 for several days, then distilled from fresh CaH2. It cannot be dried with CaCl2 because it reacts rapidly with the ester to form a crystalline compound. [Beilstein 2 IV 23.]

Incompatibilities

May form explosive mixture with air. Reacts violently with nitrates, strong oxidizers, strong alkalis, and strong acids. Decomposes slowly in water, forming ethyl alcohol and formic acid. May accumulate static electrical charges, and may cause ignition of its vapors

Waste Disposal

Spray into a furnace in admixture with a flammable solvent

Ethyl formate Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products


Ethyl formate Suppliers

Global( 242)Suppliers
Supplier Tel Fax Email Country ProdList Advantage
Shenzhen Sendi Biotechnology Co.Ltd.
0755-23311925 18102838259
0755-23311925 Abel@chembj.com CHINA 3217 55
Henan DaKen Chemical CO.,LTD.
+86-371-55531817
info@dakenchem.com CHINA 22049 58
Henan Tianfu Chemical Co.,Ltd.
0371-55170693
0371-55170693 info@tianfuchem.com CHINA 20786 55
Mainchem Co., Ltd.
+86-0592-6210733
+86-0592-6210733 sales@mainchem.com CHINA 32651 55
Hefei TNJ Chemical Industry Co.,Ltd.
86-0551-65418684 18949823763
86-0551-65418684 info@tnjchem.com China 1659 55
career henan chemical co
+86-371-86658258
sales@coreychem.com CHINA 19990 58
Shanghai Aladdin Bio-Chem Technology Co.,LTD 021-20337333/400-620-6333
021-50323701 sale@aladdin-e.com China 25106 65
J & K SCIENTIFIC LTD. 400-666-7788 +86-10-82848833
+86-10-82849933 jkinfo@jkchemical.com;market6@jkchemical.com China 96815 76
Meryer (Shanghai) Chemical Technology Co., Ltd. +86-(0)21-61259100(Shanghai) +86-(0)755-86170099(ShenZhen) +86-(0)10-62670440(Beijing)
+86-(0)21-61259102(Shanghai) +86-(0)755-86170066(ShenZhen) +86-(0)10-88580358(Beijing) sh@meryer.com China 40395 62
3B Pharmachem (Wuhan) International Co.,Ltd. 86-21-50328103 * 801、802、803、804 Mobile:18930552037
86-21-50328109 3bsc@sina.com China 15926 69

View Lastest Price from Ethyl formate manufacturers

Image Release date Product Price Min. Order Purity Supply Ability Manufacturer
2018-12-17 Ethyl formate
109-94-4
US $1.00 / kg 1kg 99% 100KG career henan chemical co

Ethyl formate Spectrum


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