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Glycolonitrile

Glycolonitrile
Glycolonitrile structure
CAS No.
107-16-4
Chemical Name:
Glycolonitrile
Synonyms
HOCH2CN;usafa-8565;USAF a-8565;Glyconitrile;Glykolonitril;cyanomethanol;GLYCOLONITRILE;glycolicnitrile;glycollonitrile;Glycolic nitrile
CBNumber:
CB4781244
Molecular Formula:
C2H3NO
Formula Weight:
57.05
MOL File:
107-16-4.mol

Glycolonitrile Properties

Melting point:
-72°C
Boiling point:
183°C
Density 
1.076 g/mL at 20 °C
refractive index 
n20/D 1.389
Flash point:
133 °F
Water Solubility 
>=10 g/100 mL at 20 ºC
Stability:
Stable, but may react violently with alkalies. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents.
CAS DataBase Reference
107-16-4(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST Chemistry Reference
Acetonitrile, hydroxy-(107-16-4)
EPA Substance Registry System
Acetonitrile, hydroxy-(107-16-4)

SAFETY

Hazard Codes  T+
Risk Statements  26/27/28
Safety Statements  36/37/39-45-36/37-28
RIDADR  UN 3276 6.1/PG 1
WGK Germany  -
RTECS  AM0350000
HazardClass  6.1(a)
PackingGroup  I
Hazardous Substances Data 107-16-4(Hazardous Substances Data)

Glycolonitrile price

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Glycolonitrile Chemical Properties,Uses,Production

Chemical Properties

light yellow liquid (typically available as a concentrated

Chemical Properties

Formaldehyde cyanohydrin is a colorless, odorless, oily liquid. Sweet taste (very highly toxic; do not test).

Uses

Solvent and organic intermediate.

General Description

Odorless colorless oil with a sweetish taste. Used in the manufacture of intermediates in pharmaceutical production, as a component of synthetic resins, as a chemical intermediate for organic compounds, and as a solvent.

Air & Water Reactions

Water soluble.

Reactivity Profile

Glycolonitrile may undergo spontaneous and violent decomposition. Traces of alkali (base) promote violent polymerization [Lewis].

Hazard

Toxic by ingestion, inhalation, and skin absorption.

Health Hazard

Extremely toxic, exposure by any route should be avoided; may have fatal consequences; death from asphyxiation may occur similar to that resulting from hydrogen cyanide.

Fire Hazard

Moderate explosion hazard when exposed to heat or by spontaneous chemical reaction in the presence of alkalies if uninhibited. When heated to decomposition, Glycolonitrile emits highly toxic fumes of cyanide and nitrogen oxides. Unstable, may explode on standing. Hazardous polymerization may occur. avoid the presence of alkalis, and exposure to heat.

Potential Exposure

Formaldehyde cyanohydrin is used in the manufacture of intermediates in pharmaceutical produc tion and as a component of synthetic resins as a chemical intermediate for organic compounds, and as a solvent.

First aid

If this chemical gets into the eyes, remove any contact lenses at once and irrigate immediately for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting upper and lower lids. Seek medical attention immediately. If this chemical contacts the skin, remove contaminated clothing and wash immediately with soap and water. Speed in removing material from skin is of extreme importance. Seek medical attention immedi ately. If this chemical has been inhaled, remove from expo sure, begin rescue breathing (using universal precautions, including resuscitation mask) if breathing has stopped and CPR if heart action has stopped. Transfer promptly to a medical facility. When this chemical has been swallowed, get medical attention. Give large quantities of water and induce vomiting. Do not make an unconscious person vomit. Keep victim quiet and maintain normal body temperature. Effects may be delayed; keep victim under observation. Use amyl nitrate capsules if symptoms develop. All area employ ees should be trained regularly in emergency measures for cyanide poisoning and in CPR. A cyanide antidote kit should be kept in the immediate work area and must be rapidly available. Kit ingredients should be replaced every 1 2 years to ensure freshness. Persons trained in the use of this kit; oxygen use, and CPR must be quickly available.

Shipping

UN3276 Nitriles, liquid, toxic, n.o.s., Hazard Class: 6.1; Labels: 6.1-Poisonous materials, Technical Name Required, Potential Inhalation Hazard (Special Provision 5). UN2810 Toxic liquids, organic, n.o.s., Hazard Class: 6.1; Labels: 6.1-Poisonous materials, Technical Name Required.

Incompatibilities

Incompatible with oxidizers (chlorates, nitrates, peroxides, permanganates, perchlorates, chlorine, bromine, fluorine, etc.); contact may cause fires or explo sions. Keep away from alkaline materials, strong bases, strong acids, oxoacids, epoxides, and exposure to heat. Unless stabilized with a weak acid solution, traces of alka lis may cause violent polymerization.

Glycolonitrile Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products


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Glycolonitrile Spectrum


107-16-4(Glycolonitrile)Related Search:


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