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Furfuryl alcohol

Description References
Furfuryl alcohol
Furfuryl alcohol structure
Chemical Name:
Furfuryl alcohol
FA;HPFA;FA(R);NSC 8843;FEMA 2491;NCI-C56224;Furfuranol;furylalcohol;furfralcohol;CheM-Rez 200
Molecular Formula:
Formula Weight:
MOL File:

Furfuryl alcohol Properties

Melting point:
-29 °C (lit.)
Boiling point:
170 °C (lit.)
1.135 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)
vapor density 
3.4 (vs air)
vapor pressure 
0.5 mm Hg ( 20 °C)
refractive index 
n20/D 1.486(lit.)
Flash point:
149 °F
storage temp. 
Store below +30°C.
alcohol: soluble
Clear yellow
6 (300g/l, H2O, 20℃)
Mildly irritating.
explosive limit
Odor Threshold
8 ppm
Water Solubility 
JECFA Number
Exposure limits
NIOSH REL: TWA 10 ppm (40 mg/m3), STEL 15 ppm (60 mg/m3), IDLH 75 ppm; OSHA PEL: TWA 50 ppm; ACGIH TLV: TWA 10 ppm, STEL 15 ppm (adopted).
Substances Added to Food (formerly EAFUS)
CAS DataBase Reference
98-00-0(CAS DataBase Reference)
EWG's Food Scores
2B (Vol. 119) 2019
Proposition 65 List
Furfuryl Alcohol
NIST Chemistry Reference
EPA Substance Registry System
2-Furanmethanol (98-00-0)
  • Risk and Safety Statements
Signal word  Danger
Hazard statements  H301+H311-H315-H319-H330-H335-H351-H373-H302-H312-H331-H227-H335+H336-H372-H402
Precautionary statements  P210e-P305+P351+P338-P501a-P201-P202-P210-P264-P270-P271-P273-P302+P352+P312+P361+P364-P305+P351+P338+P337+P313-P308+P313-P405-P501-P260-P280-P284-P301+P310+P330-P304+P340+P310-P403+P233
Hazard Codes  Xn,T
Risk Statements  20/21/22-48/20-40-36/37-23-21/22
Safety Statements  23-36/37/39-63-45-36/37-24/25
RIDADR  UN 2874 6.1/PG 3
WGK Germany  1
RTECS  LU9100000
Autoignition Temperature 915 °F
HS Code  2932 13 00
HazardClass  6.1
PackingGroup  III
Toxicity LC50 (4 hr) in rats: 233 ppm (Jacobson)
NFPA 704
3 1

Furfuryl alcohol price More Price(28)

Manufacturer Product number Product description CAS number Packaging Price Updated Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 185930 Furfuryl alcohol 98% 98-00-0 50g $24 2021-03-22 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 8.04015 Furfuryl alcohol for synthesis 98-00-0 100 mL $37.74 2021-03-22 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 8.04015 Furfuryl alcohol for synthesis 98-00-0 1 L $64.47 2021-03-22 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 185930 Furfuryl alcohol 98% 98-00-0 1kg $66.8 2021-03-22 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich W249106 Furfuryl alcohol ≥97%, FG 98-00-0 5 kg $125 2021-03-22 Buy

Furfuryl alcohol Chemical Properties,Uses,Production


Furfuryl alcohol is clear colorless organic liquid having a furan substituted with a hydroxymethyl group. It is primarily used for the synthesis of furans resins which are used in thermoset polymer matrix composites, cements, adhesive and coatings. It plays an essential role in the production of foundry sand binder and has long been used to produce cores and molds for metal casting. Other applications include as a fuel and wood treatment. In industry, it is manufactured through either direct reduction of furfural, or through the disproportionation via the Cannizaro reaction in NaOH solution. The basic raw materials for its manufacturing are waste vegetable materials such as rice hulls, sugar cane bagasse, oat hulls or corncobs.


Chemical Properties

clear yellow liquid

Chemical Properties

Furfural alcohol is a colorless to amber liquid that darkens on exposure to light. It has a faint, burning odor.

Chemical Properties

Furfuryl alcohol has a very mild, warm, oily, “burnt” odor and a cooked sugar taste.

Physical properties

Clear, colorless to pale yellow liquid with an irritating odor. Darkens to yellowish-brown on exposure to air. A detection odor threshold concentration of 32 mg/m3 (8.0 ppmv) was determined by Jacobson et al. (1958).


Reported found in roasted almonds, cooked apple, apple juice, roasted barley, beans, beef fat, canned beef stew, beer, brandy, white bread, cocoa, cocoa bean, roasted coffee, roasted flberts, honey, heated skim milk, dried mushrooms, roasted onion, yellow passion fruit, roasted peanuts, pineapple, popcorn, potato chips, roasted sesame seeds, cheeses, milk, meats, grape wines, cognac, whiskies, soybean products, coconut, corn oil, shrimps, clams and other sources


Colorless liquid that turns dark in air


Furfuryl Alcohol has been obtained by yeast reduction of furfural. Furfuryl Alcohol is used as solvent and in the manufacturing of wetting agents, resins.


Solvent; manufacture of wetting agents, resins.


ChEBI: A member of the class of furans bearing a hydroxymethyl substituent at the 2-position.


Usually prepared from furfural that is obtained by the processing of corncobs; oil obtained by steam distillation of roasted coffee bean meal consists of 50% furfuryl alcohol; prepared industrially by the catalytic reduction of furfural using nickel and Cu-CrO catalysts.

Aroma threshold values

Detection: 1 to 2 ppm.

Taste threshold values

Taste characteristics at 50 ppm: burnt, sweet, caramellic and brown.

Synthesis Reference(s)

Synthesis, p. 246, 1977
Tetrahedron Letters, 33, p. 5417, 1992 DOI: 10.1016/S0040-4039(00)79109-X

General Description

A clear colorless liquid. Flash point 167°F. Boiling point 171°F. Denser than water. Contact may irritate skin, eyes and mucous membranes. May be toxic by ingestion and skin contact and moderately toxic by inhalation.

Air & Water Reactions

Slightly soluble in water.


May react explosively with mineral acids and some organic acids. Toxic by inhalation and skin absorption. Approved for food products. Toxic by skin absorption.

Health Hazard

Inhalation causes headache, nausea, and irritation of nose and throat. Vapor irritates eyes; liquid causes inflammation and corneal opacity. Contact of skin with liquid causes dryness and irritation. Ingestion causes headache, nausea, and irritation of mouth and stomach.

Fire Hazard

Combustible material: may burn but does not ignite readily. When heated, vapors may form explosive mixtures with air: indoors, outdoors and sewers explosion hazards. Contact with metals may evolve flammable hydrogen gas. Containers may explode when heated. Runoff may pollute waterways. Substance may be transported in a molten form.

Chemical Reactivity

Reactivity with Water No reaction; Reactivity with Common Materials: No reactions; Stability During Transport: The product darkens and forms water insoluble material on exposure to air or acids. This reaction is accelerated at elevated temperatures; Neutralizing Agents for Acids and Caustics: Not pertinent; Polymerization: Not pertinent; Inhibitor of Polymerization: Not pertinent.

Safety Profile

Poison by ingestion, skin contact, and subcutaneous routes.Moderately toxic by inhalation and intraperitoneal routes. Mutation data reported. An eye irritant. Flammable when exposed to heat or flame; can react with oxidtzing materials. Moderate explosion hazard when exposed to heat or flame. Reacts violently with acids (e.g., formic acid, cyanoacetic acid + heat). Ignites on contact with 85% hydrogen peroxide. To fight fire, use alcohol foam, CO2, dry chemical. When heated to decomposition it emits acrid smoke and fumes.

Potential Exposure

Used as a starting monomer in the production of furan resins and used to produce tetrahydro furfural alcohol (THFA).


The NTP conducted a 2-year inhalation study on furfuryl alcohol. F344 rats and B6C3F1 mice were exposed to 0, 2, 8, or 32 ppm furfuryl alcohol for 6 h/day, 5 days/week. All rats exposed to 32 ppm died by week 99; survival of all other animals was similar to control animals. There were increased incidences of nasal tumors in the male rats and increased incidences of kidney tubule tumors in male mice. Increased incidences of nonneoplastic lesions of the nose and increased severities of nephropathy were observed in male and female rats and male mice. Nonneoplastic lesions of nose and corneal degeneration occurred in female mice.


Furfuryl occurs naturally in yarrow, licorice, sesame seeds, clove flowers, and tea leaves (Duke, 1992). Also detected in barrel-aged red, white, and model wines. Concentrations ranged from 3.5 mg/L in white wine after 55 wk of aging to 9.6 mg/L after 11 wk of aging (Spillman et al., 1998). Identified as one of 140 volatile constituents in used soybean oils collected from a processing plant that fried various beef, chicken, and veal products (Takeoka et al., 1996).

Environmental Fate

Biological. In activated sludge inoculum, following a 20-d adaptation period, 97.3% COD removal was achieved. The average rate of biodegradation was 41.0 mg COD/g?h (Pitter, 1976).
Chemical/Physical. Easily resinified by acids (Windholz et al., 1983). Furfuryl alcohol will not hydrolyze because it has no hydrolyzable functional group.
In barrel-aged red, white, and model wines, naturally occurring furfuryl alcohol decreased in concentration with time. In red wine, furfuryl ethyl ether was identified as a degradation product after 55 wk of storage. The average percentage decrease of furfuryl alcohol was 73% (Spillman et al., 1998).


UN2874 Furfuryl alcohol, Hazard Class: 6.1; Labels: 6.1-Poisonous materials.

Purification Methods

Distil it under reduced pressure to remove tarry material, shake with aqueous NaHCO3, dry it with Na2SO4 and fractionally distil it under reduced pressure from Na2CO3. It can be further dried by shaking with Linde 5A molecular sieves. [Beilstein 17/3 V 338.]


Incompatible with oxidizers (chlorates, nitrates, peroxides, permanganates, perchlorates, chlorine, bromine, fluorine, etc.); contact may cause fires or explo sions. Keep away from alkaline materials, strong bases, strong acids, oxoacids, epoxides. Contact with acids can cause polymerization. Strong reaction with oxidizers. Incompatible with alkaline earth and alkali metals; strong caustics; aliphatic amines; isocyanates, acetaldehyde, benzoyl peroxide; chromic acid, chromium trioxide; cyanoacetic acid; dialkylzincs, dichlorine oxide; ethylene oxide; hydrogen per oxide; isopropyl chlorocarbonate; lithium tetrahydroalumi nate; nitric acid; nitrogen dioxide; pentafluoroguanidine, phosphorus pentasulfide; tangerine oil; triethylaluminum, trii sobutylaluminum. Attacks some plastics, coatings and rubber.

Waste Disposal

Incineration in admixture with a more flammable solvent.

Furfuryl alcohol Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products

Furfuryl alcohol Suppliers

Global( 317)Suppliers
Supplier Tel Fax Email Country ProdList Advantage
Capot Chemical Co.,Ltd.
+86(0)13336195806 +86-571-85586718
+86-571-85864795 China 20010 60
Guangzhou PI PI Biotech Inc
020-81716319; China 3245 55
Jiangsu Qingquan Chemical Co., Ltd.
+86-571-86589381/86589382/86589383 CHINA 154 55
Hefei TNJ Chemical Industry Co.,Ltd.
86-0551-65418684 18949823763
86-0551-65418684 China 3001 55
career henan chemical co
+86-371-86658258 CHINA 29959 58
Hubei Jusheng Technology Co.,Ltd.
027-59599243 CHINA 28229 58
hdzhl biotechnology co., ltd
86-13032617415 CHINA 1275 58
Xiamen AmoyChem Co., Ltd
+86 592-605 1114 CHINA 6369 58
Hubei xin bonus chemical co. LTD
027-59338440 CHINA 23035 58
Shandong chuangyingchemical Co., Ltd.
18853181302 CHINA 5917 58

View Lastest Price from Furfuryl alcohol manufacturers

Image Release date Product Price Min. Order Purity Supply Ability Manufacturer
2021-08-26 2-(Hydroxymethyl)Furan
US $10.50 / KG 1KG 99% 10 ton Hebei Crovell Biotech Co Ltd
2021-06-17 Furosemide Impurity 5
US $0.00-0.00 / mg 10mg 90%+ 10g Guangzhou PI PI BIOTECH INC
2019-12-31 Furfuryl alcohol
US $0.10 / KG 1KG 99.0% 1000 tons Shaanxi Dideu Medichem Co. Ltd

Furfuryl alcohol Spectrum

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