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퍼퓨릴 알코올

퍼퓨릴 알코올
퍼퓨릴 알코올 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
98-00-0
한글명:
퍼퓨릴 알코올
동의어(한글):
퍼퓨릴알코올;푸르푸릴알코올;푸르푸릴알콜;2-푸릴메탄올;2-하이드록시메틸푸란;2-푸란카르비놀;2-푸란메탄올;2-푸란메탄올;푸르푸릴알콜;퍼퓨릴 알코올;2-(하이드록시메틸)푸란;2-푸라닐메탄올;2-푸란카비놀;2-푸르푸릴 알코올;2-푸릴카비놀;알파-푸란카비놀;알파-푸르푸릴 알코올;알파-푸릴카비놀;알파-하이드록시메틸푸란;푸르푸랄 알코올
상품명:
Furfuryl alcohol
동의어(영문):
FA;HPFA;FA(R);NSC 8843;FEMA 2491;NCI-C56224;Furfuranol;furylalcohol;furfralcohol;CheM-Rez 200
CBNumber:
CB7854741
분자식:
C5H6O2
포뮬러 무게:
98.1
MOL 파일:
98-00-0.mol

퍼퓨릴 알코올 속성

녹는점
-29 °C (lit.)
끓는 점
170 °C (lit.)
밀도
1.135 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)
증기 밀도
3.4 (vs air)
증기압
0.5 mm Hg ( 20 °C)
굴절률
n20/D 1.486(lit.)
FEMA
2491 | FURFURYL ALCOHOL
인화점
149 °F
저장 조건
Store below +30°C.
용해도
alcohol: soluble
물리적 상태
Liquid
산도 계수 (pKa)
14.02±0.10(Predicted)
색상
Clear yellow
수소이온지수(pH)
6 (300g/l, H2O, 20℃)
냄새
Mildly irritating.
폭발한계
1.8-16.3%(V)
Odor Threshold
8 ppm
수용성
MISCIBLE
어는점
-29℃
Merck
14,4305
JECFA Number
451
BRN
106291
노출 한도
NIOSH REL: TWA 10 ppm (40 mg/m3), STEL 15 ppm (60 mg/m3), IDLH 75 ppm; OSHA PEL: TWA 50 ppm; ACGIH TLV: TWA 10 ppm, STEL 15 ppm (adopted).
CAS 데이터베이스
98-00-0(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST
2-Furanmethanol(98-00-0)
IARC
2B (Vol. 119) 2019
EPA
2-Furanmethanol (98-00-0)
안전
  • 위험 및 안전 성명
  • 위험 및 사전주의 사항 (GHS)
위험품 표기 Xn,T
위험 카페고리 넘버 20/21/22-48/20-40-36/37-23-21/22
안전지침서 23-36/37/39-63-45-36/37-24/25
유엔번호(UN No.) UN 2874 6.1/PG 3
WGK 독일 1
RTECS 번호 LU9100000
F 고인화성물질 8
자연 발화 온도 915 °F
TSCA Yes
HS 번호 2932 13 00
위험 등급 6.1
포장분류 III
유해 물질 데이터 98-00-0(Hazardous Substances Data)
독성 LC50 (4 hr) in rats: 233 ppm (Jacobson)
기존화학 물질 KE-17364
유해화학물질 필터링 99-1-492
함량 및 규제정보 물질구분: 유독물질; 혼합물(제품)함량정보: 2-푸란메탄올 및 이를 25% 이상 함유한 혼합물
그림문자(GHS):
신호 어: Danger
유해·위험 문구:
암호 유해·위험 문구 위험 등급 범주 신호 어 그림 문자 P- 코드
H227 가연성 액체 인화성 액체 구분 4 경고 P210, P280, P370+P378, P403+P235,P501
H302 삼키면 유해함 급성 독성 물질 - 경구 구분 4 경고 P264, P270, P301+P312, P330, P501
H312 피부와 접촉하면 유해함 급성 독성 물질 - 경피 구분 4 경고 P280,P302+P352, P312, P322, P363,P501
H315 피부에 자극을 일으킴 피부부식성 또는 자극성물질 구분 2 경고 P264, P280, P302+P352, P321,P332+P313, P362
H319 눈에 심한 자극을 일으킴 심한 눈 손상 또는 자극성 물질 구분 2A 경고 P264, P280, P305+P351+P338,P337+P313P
H330 흡입하면 치명적임 급성 독성 물질 흡입 구분 1, 2 위험 P260, P271, P284, P304+P340, P310,P320, P403+P233, P405, P501
H331 흡입하면 유독함 급성 독성 물질 흡입 구분 3 위험 P261, P271, P304+P340, P311, P321,P403+P233, P405, P501
H335 호흡 자극성을 일으킬 수 있음 특정 표적장기 독성 - 1회 노출;호흡기계 자극 구분 3 경고
H351 암을 일으킬 것으로 의심됨 (노출되어도 암을 일으키지 않는다는 결정적인 증거가 있는 노출경로가 있다면 노출경로 기재) 발암성 물질 구분 2 경고 P201, P202, P281, P308+P313, P405,P501
H372 장기간 또는 반복 노출되면 장기(또는, 영향을 받은 알려진 모든 장기를 명시)에 손상을 일으킴 특정 표적장기 독성 - 반복 노출 구분 1 위험 P260, P264, P270, P314, P501
H373 장기간 또는 반복 노출되면 장기(또는, 영향을 받은 알려진 모든 장기를 명시)에 손상을 일으킬 수 있음 특정 표적장기 독성 - 반복 노출 구분 2 경고 P260, P314, P501
H402 수생생물에 유해함 수생 환경유해성 물질 - 급성 구분 3
예방조치문구:
P201 사용 전 취급 설명서를 확보하시오.
P202 모든 안전 조치 문구를 읽고 이해하기 전에는 취급하지 마시오.
P210 열·스파크·화염·고열로부터 멀리하시오 - 금연 하시오.
P260 분진·흄·가스·미스트·증기·...·스프레이를 흡입하지 마시오.
P264 취급 후에는 손을 철저히 씻으시오.
P264 취급 후에는 손을 철저히 씻으시오.
P270 이 제품을 사용할 때에는 먹거나, 마시거나 흡연하지 마시오.
P271 옥외 또는 환기가 잘 되는 곳에서만 취급하시오.
P273 환경으로 배출하지 마시오.
P280 보호장갑/보호의/보안경/안면보호구를 착용하시오.
P284 호흡 보호구를 착용하시오.
P305+P351+P338 눈에 묻으면 몇 분간 물로 조심해서 씻으시오. 가능하면 콘택트렌즈를 제거하시오. 계속 씻으시오.
P308+P313 노출 또는 접촉이 우려되면 의학적인 조치· 조언를 구하시오.
P405 밀봉하여 저장하시오.
P403+P233 용기는 환기가 잘 되는 곳에 단단히 밀폐하여 저장하시오.
P501 ...에 내용물 / 용기를 폐기 하시오.
NFPA 704
2
3 1

퍼퓨릴 알코올 C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산

화학적 성질

clear yellow liquid

화학적 성질

Furfural alcohol is a colorless to amber liquid that darkens on exposure to light. It has a faint, burning odor.

화학적 성질

Furfuryl alcohol has a very mild, warm, oily, “burnt” odor and a cooked sugar taste.

물리적 성질

Clear, colorless to pale yellow liquid with an irritating odor. Darkens to yellowish-brown on exposure to air. A detection odor threshold concentration of 32 mg/m3 (8.0 ppmv) was determined by Jacobson et al. (1958).

출처

Reported found in roasted almonds, cooked apple, apple juice, roasted barley, beans, beef fat, canned beef stew, beer, brandy, white bread, cocoa, cocoa bean, roasted coffee, roasted flberts, honey, heated skim milk, dried mushrooms, roasted onion, yellow passion fruit, roasted peanuts, pineapple, popcorn, potato chips, roasted sesame seeds, cheeses, milk, meats, grape wines, cognac, whiskies, soybean products, coconut, corn oil, shrimps, clams and other sources

용도

Colorless liquid that turns dark in air

용도

Furfuryl Alcohol has been obtained by yeast reduction of furfural. Furfuryl Alcohol is used as solvent and in the manufacturing of wetting agents, resins.

용도

Solvent; manufacture of wetting agents, resins.

정의

ChEBI: A member of the class of furans bearing a hydroxymethyl substituent at the 2-position.

제조 방법

Usually prepared from furfural that is obtained by the processing of corncobs; oil obtained by steam distillation of roasted coffee bean meal consists of 50% furfuryl alcohol; prepared industrially by the catalytic reduction of furfural using nickel and Cu-CrO catalysts.

Aroma threshold values

Detection: 1 to 2 ppm.

Taste threshold values

Taste characteristics at 50 ppm: burnt, sweet, caramellic and brown.

Synthesis Reference(s)

Synthesis, p. 246, 1977
Tetrahedron Letters, 33, p. 5417, 1992 DOI: 10.1016/S0040-4039(00)79109-X

일반 설명

A clear colorless liquid. Flash point 167°F. Boiling point 171°F. Denser than water. Contact may irritate skin, eyes and mucous membranes. May be toxic by ingestion and skin contact and moderately toxic by inhalation.

공기와 물의 반응

Slightly soluble in water.

위험도

May react explosively with mineral acids and some organic acids. Toxic by inhalation and skin absorption. Approved for food products. Toxic by skin absorption.

건강위험

Inhalation causes headache, nausea, and irritation of nose and throat. Vapor irritates eyes; liquid causes inflammation and corneal opacity. Contact of skin with liquid causes dryness and irritation. Ingestion causes headache, nausea, and irritation of mouth and stomach.

화재위험

Combustible material: may burn but does not ignite readily. When heated, vapors may form explosive mixtures with air: indoors, outdoors and sewers explosion hazards. Contact with metals may evolve flammable hydrogen gas. Containers may explode when heated. Runoff may pollute waterways. Substance may be transported in a molten form.

화학 반응

Reactivity with Water No reaction; Reactivity with Common Materials: No reactions; Stability During Transport: The product darkens and forms water insoluble material on exposure to air or acids. This reaction is accelerated at elevated temperatures; Neutralizing Agents for Acids and Caustics: Not pertinent; Polymerization: Not pertinent; Inhibitor of Polymerization: Not pertinent.

Safety Profile

Poison by ingestion, skin contact, and subcutaneous routes.Moderately toxic by inhalation and intraperitoneal routes. Mutation data reported. An eye irritant. Flammable when exposed to heat or flame; can react with oxidtzing materials. Moderate explosion hazard when exposed to heat or flame. Reacts violently with acids (e.g., formic acid, cyanoacetic acid + heat). Ignites on contact with 85% hydrogen peroxide. To fight fire, use alcohol foam, CO2, dry chemical. When heated to decomposition it emits acrid smoke and fumes.

잠재적 노출

Used as a starting monomer in the production of furan resins and used to produce tetrahydro furfural alcohol (THFA).

Carcinogenicity

The NTP conducted a 2-year inhalation study on furfuryl alcohol. F344 rats and B6C3F1 mice were exposed to 0, 2, 8, or 32 ppm furfuryl alcohol for 6 h/day, 5 days/week. All rats exposed to 32 ppm died by week 99; survival of all other animals was similar to control animals. There were increased incidences of nasal tumors in the male rats and increased incidences of kidney tubule tumors in male mice. Increased incidences of nonneoplastic lesions of the nose and increased severities of nephropathy were observed in male and female rats and male mice. Nonneoplastic lesions of nose and corneal degeneration occurred in female mice.

Source

Furfuryl occurs naturally in yarrow, licorice, sesame seeds, clove flowers, and tea leaves (Duke, 1992). Also detected in barrel-aged red, white, and model wines. Concentrations ranged from 3.5 mg/L in white wine after 55 wk of aging to 9.6 mg/L after 11 wk of aging (Spillman et al., 1998). Identified as one of 140 volatile constituents in used soybean oils collected from a processing plant that fried various beef, chicken, and veal products (Takeoka et al., 1996).

환경귀착

Biological. In activated sludge inoculum, following a 20-d adaptation period, 97.3% COD removal was achieved. The average rate of biodegradation was 41.0 mg COD/g?h (Pitter, 1976).
Chemical/Physical. Easily resinified by acids (Windholz et al., 1983). Furfuryl alcohol will not hydrolyze because it has no hydrolyzable functional group.
In barrel-aged red, white, and model wines, naturally occurring furfuryl alcohol decreased in concentration with time. In red wine, furfuryl ethyl ether was identified as a degradation product after 55 wk of storage. The average percentage decrease of furfuryl alcohol was 73% (Spillman et al., 1998).

운송 방법

UN2874 Furfuryl alcohol, Hazard Class: 6.1; Labels: 6.1-Poisonous materials.

Purification Methods

Distil it under reduced pressure to remove tarry material, shake with aqueous NaHCO3, dry it with Na2SO4 and fractionally distil it under reduced pressure from Na2CO3. It can be further dried by shaking with Linde 5A molecular sieves. [Beilstein 17/3 V 338.]

비 호환성

Incompatible with oxidizers (chlorates, nitrates, peroxides, permanganates, perchlorates, chlorine, bromine, fluorine, etc.); contact may cause fires or explo sions. Keep away from alkaline materials, strong bases, strong acids, oxoacids, epoxides. Contact with acids can cause polymerization. Strong reaction with oxidizers. Incompatible with alkaline earth and alkali metals; strong caustics; aliphatic amines; isocyanates, acetaldehyde, benzoyl peroxide; chromic acid, chromium trioxide; cyanoacetic acid; dialkylzincs, dichlorine oxide; ethylene oxide; hydrogen per oxide; isopropyl chlorocarbonate; lithium tetrahydroalumi nate; nitric acid; nitrogen dioxide; pentafluoroguanidine, phosphorus pentasulfide; tangerine oil; triethylaluminum, trii sobutylaluminum. Attacks some plastics, coatings and rubber.

폐기물 처리

Incineration in admixture with a more flammable solvent.

퍼퓨릴 알코올 준비 용품 및 원자재

원자재

준비 용품


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