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Diethyl carbonate

Diethyl carbonate
Diethyl carbonate structure
Chemical Name:
Diethyl carbonate
CED;DPD1;TGFB;EUFIN;Diatol;NCI-C60899;progressive;arbonic ether;carbonic ether;C2H5OC(O)OC2H5
Molecular Formula:
Formula Weight:
MOL File:

Diethyl carbonate Properties

Melting point:
-43 °C
Boiling point:
126-128 °C(lit.)
0.975 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
vapor density 
4.1 (vs air)
vapor pressure 
10 mm Hg ( 23.8 °C)
refractive index 
n20/D 1.384(lit.)
Flash point:
88 °F
storage temp. 
Flammables area
18.8mg/l insoluble
6.3 (1g/l, H2O)
Pleasant, etheral; mild and nonresidual.
explosive limit
Water Solubility 
Moisture Sensitive
Stable. Flammable. Incompatible with strong acids, strong bases, reducing agents, oxidizing agents. Protect from moisture.
CAS DataBase Reference
105-58-8(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST Chemistry Reference
Carbonic acid, diethyl ester(105-58-8)
EPA Substance Registry System
Carbonic acid, diethyl ester(105-58-8)
  • Risk and Safety Statements
  • Hazard and Precautionary Statements (GHS)
  • NFPA
Hazard Codes  T,Xi
Risk Statements  23/24/25-36/37/38-10
Safety Statements  26-36-45-16-23
RIDADR  UN 2811 6.1/PG 2
WGK Germany  3
RTECS  YE1050000
Autoignition Temperature 445 °C
HS Code  2920 90 10
HazardClass  3
PackingGroup  III
Hazardous Substances Data 105-58-8(Hazardous Substances Data)
Toxicity LD50 orally in Rabbit: > 4900 mg/kg
Signal word: Warning
Hazard statements:
Code Hazard statements Hazard class Category Signal word Pictogram P-Codes
H226 Flammable liquid and vapour Flammable liquids Category 3 Warning
H315 Causes skin irritation Skin corrosion/irritation Category 2 Warning P264, P280, P302+P352, P321,P332+P313, P362
H319 Causes serious eye irritation Serious eye damage/eye irritation Category 2A Warning P264, P280, P305+P351+P338,P337+P313P
H335 May cause respiratory irritation Specific target organ toxicity, single exposure;Respiratory tract irritation Category 3 Warning
Precautionary statements:
P210 Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. — No smoking.
P233 Keep container tightly closed.
P240 Ground/bond container and receiving equipment.
P261 Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P264 Wash hands thoroughly after handling.
P264 Wash skin thouroughly after handling.
P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
P303+P361+P353 IF ON SKIN (or hair): Remove/Take off Immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse SKIN with water/shower.
P305+P351+P338 IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continuerinsing.
P370+P378 In case of fire: Use … for extinction.
P405 Store locked up.
P403+P235 Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep cool.
P501 Dispose of contents/container to..…

NFPA 704

Diamond Hazard Value Description
Flammability   3 Liquids and solids (including finely divided suspended solids) that can be ignited under almost all ambient temperature conditions . Liquids having a flash point below 22.8 °C (73 °F) and having a boiling point at or above 37.8 °C (100 °F) or having a flash point between 22.8 and 37.8 °C (73 and 100 °F). (e.g. gasoline, acetone)
Instability   1 Normally stable, but can become unstable at elevated temperatures and pressures (e.g. propene)

(NFPA, 2010)

Diethyl carbonate price More Price(17)

Manufacturer Product number Product description CAS number Packaging Price Updated Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 517135 Diethyl carbonate anhydrous, ≥99% 105-58-8 100ml $41.4 2018-11-13 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 517135 Diethyl carbonate anhydrous, ≥99% 105-58-8 1l $248 2018-11-13 Buy
TCI Chemical C0041 Diethyl Carbonate >98.0%(GC) 105-58-8 25g $14 2018-11-22 Buy
TCI Chemical C0041 Diethyl Carbonate >98.0%(GC) 105-58-8 500g $36 2018-11-22 Buy
Alfa Aesar A12477 Diethyl carbonate, 99+% 105-58-8 2500ml $85.5 2018-11-13 Buy

Diethyl carbonate Chemical Properties,Uses,Production

Chemical Properties

colourless liquid with a mild odour


Solvent for nitrocellulose; manufacture of radio tubes; fixing rare earths to cathode elements.

General Description

A colorless liquid with a mild pleasant odor. Diethyl carbonate is slightly less dense than water and insoluble in water. Hence floats on water. Flash point 77°F. Vapors are heavier than air. When heated to high temperatures Diethyl carbonate may emit acrid smoke. Used as a solvent.

Air & Water Reactions

Highly flammable. Insoluble in water.

Reactivity Profile

Diethyl carbonate reacts with acids to liberate heat along with ethanol and carbon dioxide. Strong oxidizing acids may cause a vigorous reaction that is sufficiently exothermic to ignite the reaction products. Heat is also generated by the interaction with caustic solutions. Flammable hydrogen is generated by mixing with alkali metals and hydrides.

Health Hazard

High vapor concentrations can cause headache, irritation of eyes and respiratory tract, dizziness, nausea, weakness, loss of consciousness.

Fire Hazard

Flash Point (°F): 115 ℃; 77 ℃; Flammable Limits in Air (%): Data not available; Fire Extinguishing Agents: Foam, carbon dioxide, dry chemical; Fire Extinguishing Agents Not To Be Used: Water; Special Hazards of Combustion Products: Not pertinent; Behavior in Fire: Not pertinent; Ignition Temperature: Data not available; Electrical Hazard: Not pertinent; Burning Rate: 3.4 mm/min.

Chemical Reactivity

Reactivity with Water Too slow to be hazardous; Reactivity with Common Materials: No reaction; Stability During Transport: Stable; Neutralizing Agents for Acids and Caustics: Not pertinent; Polymerization: Not pertinent; Inhibitor of Polymerization: Not pertinent.

Safety Profile

Wdly toxic by subcutaneous route. Questionable carcinogen with experimental tumorigenic and teratogenic data. A dangerous fire hazard when exposed to heat or flame; can react with oxidizing materials. To fight fire, use foam, CO2, dry chemical. When heated to decomposition it emits acrid smoke and fumes. See also ANHYDRIDES.

Purification Methods

Wash the ester (100mL) with an aqueous 10% Na2CO3 (20mL) solution, saturated CaCl2 (20mL), then water (30mL). After drying by standing over solid CaCl2 for 1hour (note that prolonged contact should be avoided because slow combination with CaCl2 occurs), it should be fractionally distilled. Also dry it over MgSO4 and distil it. [Beilstein 3 H 5, 3 I 4, 3 II 4, 3 III 5, 3 IV 5.]

Diethyl carbonate Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products

Diethyl carbonate Suppliers

Global( 273)Suppliers
Supplier Tel Fax Email Country ProdList Advantage
Henan DaKen Chemical CO.,LTD.
+86-371-55531817 CHINA 21984 58
Henan Tianfu Chemical Co.,Ltd.
0371-55170693 CHINA 20680 55
Shanghai Time Chemicals CO., Ltd.
+86-021-57951555 CHINA 1367 55
Mainchem Co., Ltd.
+86-0592-6210733 CHINA 32457 55
Chemwill Asia Co.,Ltd.
86-21-51861608;;; CHINA 24001 58
Hubei Jusheng Technology Co.,Ltd.
86-188-71490254 CHINA 20095 58
Jinan Finer Chemical Co., Ltd
+86-531-88989539 CHINA 939 58
Yancheng Green Chemicals Co.,Ltd
86-515-87883652 CHINA 349 58
career henan chemical co
+86-371-86658258 CHINA 19923 58
Shanghai Aladdin Bio-Chem Technology Co.,LTD 021-20337333/400-620-6333
021-50323701 China 24991 65

View Lastest Price from Diethyl carbonate manufacturers

Image Release date Product Price Min. Order Purity Supply Ability Manufacturer
2018-12-18 Diethyl carbonate
US $1.00 / kg 1kg 99% Customized career henan chemical co

Diethyl carbonate Spectrum

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