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1,4-Dichlorobenzene

1,4-Dichlorobenzene
1,4-Dichlorobenzene structure
CAS No.
106-46-7
Chemical Name:
1,4-Dichlorobenzene
Synonyms
PDB;PARA;PDCB;Evola;Globol;Kaydox;Paradi;PDB(R);Paradow;1,4-dcb
CBNumber:
CB9329690
Molecular Formula:
C6H4Cl2
Formula Weight:
147
MOL File:
106-46-7.mol

1,4-Dichlorobenzene Properties

Melting point:
52-54 °C(lit.)
Boiling point:
174 °C
Density 
1.241 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
vapor density 
5.07 (vs air)
vapor pressure 
1.03 mm Hg ( 25 °C)
refractive index 
1.5434
Flash point:
150 °F
storage temp. 
0-6°C
solubility 
0.08g/l
form 
Crystals
Specific Gravity
1.2417
color 
White
PH
7 (0.06g/l, H2O, 20℃)
Odor
Aromatic.
explosive limit
1.7-5.9%(V)
Water Solubility 
insoluble
Merck 
14,3057
BRN 
1680023
Exposure limits
TLV-TWA 75 ppm (~450 mg/m3) (MSHA, OSHA, and NIOSH); IDLH 1000 ppm (NIOSH).
Stability:
Stable. Combustible. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, aluminium and its alloys, some plastics.
CAS DataBase Reference
106-46-7(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST Chemistry Reference
Benzene, 1,4-dichloro-(106-46-7)
EPA Substance Registry System
Benzene, 1,4-dichloro-(106-46-7)
SAFETY
  • Risk and Safety Statements
  • Hazard and Precautionary Statements (GHS)
  • NFPA
Hazard Codes  Xn,N,T,F
Risk Statements  36-40-50/53-39/23/24/25-23/24/25-11
Safety Statements  36/37-46-60-61-45-16-7
RIDADR  UN 3077 9/PG 3
WGK Germany  2
RTECS  CZ4550000
Autoignition Temperature >500 °C
TSCA  Yes
HazardClass  9
PackingGroup  III
HS Code  29036100
Hazardous Substances Data 106-46-7(Hazardous Substances Data)
Toxicity LD50 in male, female rats (mg/kg): 3863, 3790 orally; >6000, >6000 dermally (Gaines, Linder)
Symbol(GHS):
Signal word: Danger
Hazard statements:
Code Hazard statements Hazard class Category Signal word Pictogram P-Codes
H225 Highly Flammable liquid and vapour Flammable liquids Category 2 Danger P210,P233, P240, P241, P242, P243,P280, P303+ P361+P353, P370+P378,P403+P235, P501
H302 Harmful if swallowed Acute toxicity,oral Category 4 Warning P264, P270, P301+P312, P330, P501
H319 Causes serious eye irritation Serious eye damage/eye irritation Category 2A Warning P264, P280, P305+P351+P338,P337+P313P
H332 Harmful if inhaled Acute toxicity,inhalation Category 4 Warning P261, P271, P304+P340, P312
H351 Suspected of causing cancer Carcinogenicity Category 2 Warning P201, P202, P281, P308+P313, P405,P501
H370 Causes damage to organs Specific target organ toxicity, single exposure Category 1 Danger P260, P264, P270, P307+P311, P321,P405, P501
H400 Very toxic to aquatic life Hazardous to the aquatic environment, acute hazard Category 1 Warning P273, P391, P501
H410 Very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects Hazardous to the aquatic environment, long-term hazard Category 1 Warning P273, P391, P501
H412 Harmful to aquatic life with long lasting effects Hazardous to the aquatic environment, long-term hazard Category 3 P273, P501
Precautionary statements:
P201 Obtain special instructions before use.
P210 Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. — No smoking.
P260 Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P261 Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P273 Avoid release to the environment.
P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
P281 Use personal protective equipment as required.
P311 Call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.
P301+P310 IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.
P305+P351+P338 IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continuerinsing.
P405 Store locked up.
P501 Dispose of contents/container to..…

NFPA 704

Diamond Hazard Value Description
2
2 0
HEALTH   2 Intense or continued but not chronic exposure could cause temporary incapacitation or possible residual injury (e.g. diethyl ether, ammonium phosphate, iodine)
FIRE  2 Must be moderately heated or exposed to relatively high ambient temperature before ignition can occur and multiple finely divided suspended solids that do not require heating before ignition can occur. Flash point between 37.8 and 93.3 °C (100 and 200 °F). (e.g. diesel fuel, sulfur)
REACT   0 Normally stable, even under fire exposure conditions, and is not reactive with water (e.g. helium,N2)
SPEC. HAZ. 

(NFPA, 2010)

1,4-Dichlorobenzene price More Price(12)

Manufacturer Product number Product description CAS number Packaging Price Updated Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 35775 1,4-Dichlorobenzene PESTANAL 106-46-7 1g $18.4 2018-11-20 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 40025 1,4-Dichlorobenzene solution 106-46-7 1EA $851.3 2018-11-20 Buy
TCI Chemical D0687 1,4-Dichlorobenzene >99.0%(GC) 106-46-7 25g $16 2018-11-22 Buy
TCI Chemical D0687 1,4-Dichlorobenzene >99.0%(GC) 106-46-7 500g $20 2018-11-22 Buy
Alfa Aesar A16290 1,4-Dichlorobenzene, 99+% 106-46-7 100g $18.3 2018-11-13 Buy

1,4-Dichlorobenzene Chemical Properties,Uses,Production

Chemical Properties

colourless or white crystals

Chemical Properties

There are three isomeric forms of dichlorobenzene (DCB): m-DCB is a flammable liquid and vapor.

Uses

The compound 1,4-dichlorobenzene is most commonly referred to as para-DCB or p-DCB. It is widely used as a moth killer, in space deodorizers, and in the production of polyphenylene sulfide. It is also used in the manufacture of certain resins, in the pharmaceutical industry, and as a general insecticide in farming. At room temperature, 1,4- dichlorobenzene is a white or colorless crystalline solid with a characteristic penetrating odor. When exposed to air, it is slowly transformed from its solid state into a vapor; the released vapor then acts as a deodorizer and insect killer. It is practically insoluble in water and is soluble in alcohol, acetone, ether, chloroform, carbon disulfide, and benzene. Its chemical formula is C6H4Cl2.
There is limited evidence that 1,4-dichlorobenzene can damage a developing fetus. Exposure can damage the lungs, liver, kidneys, and blood cells, causing anemia; it can also cause swelling of the eyes, hands, and feet. It can damage the nervous system, causing weakness, trembling, and numbness in the arms and legs. It may cause a skin allergy, which when developed can cause itching and a skin rash. Higher levels of the chemical in air, such as the levels that are sometimes associated with industrial exposure, can cause headaches, nausea, clumsiness, slurred speech, and dizziness. Levels that would result in death would be associated with an odor so intense that it would be very unpleasant, if not intolerable, and would serve as a danger warning. In industrial situations, workers exposed to 1,4- dichlorobenzene at high levels are usually directed to wear respirators. Workers involved in the production of the chemical may be exposed to concentrations significantly higher than those encountered by the general population. High exposure levels may result from some consumer products of moth repellents and room deodorizers. Approximately 95% of the environmental release of 1,4- dichlorobenzene occurs during its use, rather than during its manufacture or processing.

Uses

1,4-Dichlorobenzene is used as a fumigantand as an insecticide.

Definition

dichlorobenzene: Any one of threeisomeric liquid aromatic compounds,C6H4Cl2. 1,2-Dichlorobenzene (b.p.179°C) and 1,4-dichlorobenzene (b.p.174°C) are made by chlorinatingbenzene with an iron catalyst andseparating the mixed isomers byfractional distillation; 1,3-dichlorobenzene(b.p. 172°C) is made fromone of the other two by catalytic isomerization.The 1,2 isomer is used asan insecticide and in making dyes;the 1,4 compound is employed as adeodorant and moth repellent.

Definition

ChEBI: A dichlorobenzene carrying chloro groups at positions 1 and 4.

Uses

Insecticidal fumigant. For domestic use against clothes moths; as space deodorant in room deodorizers, toilet bowl blocks and diaper pail deodorizers. Intermediate in production of plastics for electronic components.

General Description

A white colored liquid with the odor of moth balls. Denser than water and insoluble in water. Flash point below 200°F. Used as a moth repellent, to make other chemicals, as a fumigant, and for many other uses.

Air & Water Reactions

Insoluble in water.

Reactivity Profile

1,4-Dichlorobenzene is incompatible with oxidizing agents. 1,4-Dichlorobenzene is also incompatible with aluminum and its alloys. 1,4-Dichlorobenzene liquefies when mixed with camphor, phenol and salol. 1,4-Dichlorobenzene will attack some forms of plastics, rubber and coatings. .

Health Hazard

INHALATION: irritation of upper respiratory tract; over- exposure may cause depression and injury to liver and kidney. EYE CONTACT: pain and mild irritation.

Health Hazard

Toxic symptoms are headache, weakness,dizziness, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, loss ofweight, and injury to liver and kidney. Thesesymptoms occur from repeated inhalationof high concentrations of vapors or fromingestion. The vapors are an irritant to theeyes, throat, and skin. Chronic exposure maycause jaundice and cirrhosis. The oral LD50value in mice is in the range 3000 mg/kg.The fatal oral dose in humans is estimated tobe 40–50 g. Carcinogenic studies on animalshave not produced adequate evidence of anycancer-causing action.

Fire Hazard

Special Hazards of Combustion Products: Vapors are irritating. Toxic chlorine, hydrogen chloride, and phosgene gases may be generated in fires.

Fire Hazard

Flash Point (°F): 165 ℃; 150 ℃; Flammable Limits in Air (%): Data not available; Fire Extinguishing Agents: Water, foam, carbon dioxide, or dry chemical; Fire Extinguishing Agents Not To Be Used: Not pertinent; Special Hazards of Combustion Products: Vapors are irritating. Toxic chlorine, hydrogen chloride and phosgene gases may be generated in fires; Behavior in Fire: Not pertinent; Ignition Temperature: No data; Electrical Hazard: Not pertinent; Burning Rate: 1.3 mm/min (approx.).

Chemical Reactivity

Reactivity with Water No reaction; Reactivity with Common Materials: No reaction; Stability During Transport: Stable; Neutralizing Agents for Acids and Caustics: Not pertinent; Polymerization: Not pertinent; Inhibitor of Polymerization: Not pertinent.

Agricultural Uses

Insecticide, Rodenticide, Fungicide: p-Dichlorbenzene is used primarily as an air deodorant, as moth balls, and in insecticides, which accounts for 90% of the total production of this isomer. Information is not available concerning the production and use of m-DCB. However, it may occur as a contaminant of o-or p-DCB formulations. Both o-and p-isomers are produced almost entirely as byproducts during the production of monochlorobenzene. The major uses of o-DCB are as a process solvent in the manufacturing of toluene diisocyanate and as an intermediate in the synthesis of dyestuffs, herbicides, and degreasers. The para-isomer of dichlorobenzene is the isomer most prominently used in agriculture. Not listed for use in EU countries.

Trade name

DowTHERM®; EVOLA; PARACIDE®; PARA CRYSTALS®; PARADI®; PARADOW®; PARAMOTH®; PARANUGGETS®; PARAZENE®; PERSIA-PERAZOL®; SANTOCHLOR®; Mixed isomers: DILATIN DBI®; MOTTENSCHUTZMITTEL EVAU P®; MOTT-EX®; TOTAMOTT®

Safety Profile

Confirmed carcinogen with experimental carcinogenic data. An experimental teratogen. A human poison by an unspecified route. Moderately toxic to humans by ingestion. Moderately toxic experimentally by ingestion, subcutaneous, and intraperitoneal routes. Other experimental reproductive effects. Human systemic effects by ingestion: unspecified changes in the eyes, lungs, thorax and respiration, and decreased motihty or constipation. Can cause liver injury in humans. A human eye irritant. Mutation data reported. A fumigant. Flammable liquid when exposed to heat, flame, or oxidizers. Dangerous; can react vigorously with oxidizing materials. To fight fire, use water, foam, CO2, dry chemical. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of Cl-. See also CHLORINATED HYDROCARBONS, AROMATIC.

Potential Exposure

The major uses of o-DCB are as a process solvent in the manufacturing of toluene diisocyanate and as an intermediate in the synthesis of dyestuffs, herbicides, and degreasers. p-Dichlorbenzene is used primarily as a moth repellant, a mildew control agent; space deodorant; and in insecticides, which accounts for 90% of the total production of this isomer. Information is not available concerning the production and use of m-DCB. However, it may occur as a contaminant of o-or p-DCB formulations. Both o-and p-isomers are produced almost entirely as by-products during the production of monochlorobenzene

First aid

If this chemical gets into the eyes, remove any contact lenses at once and irrigate immediately for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting upper and lower lids. Seek medical attention immediately. If this chemical contacts the skin, remove contaminated clothing and wash immediately with soap and water. Seek medical attention immediately. If this chemical has been inhaled, remove from exposure, begin rescue breathing (using universal precautions, including resuscitation mask) if breathing has stopped and CPR if heart action has stopped. Transfer promptly to a medical facility. When this chemical has been swallowed, get medical attention. Give large quantities of water and induce vomiting. Do not make an unconscious person vomit

Metabolic pathway

1,4-Dichlorobenzene undergoes degradation by the Xanthobacter flavus 14p1 isolated from river sludge by selective enrichment with 1,4-dichlorobenzene, resulting in the degradation products 3,6-dichloro-cis- 1,2-dihydroxycyclohexa-3,5-diene and 3,6- dichlorocatechol. 2,5-Dichloromuconic acid and 2- chloromaleylacetic acid, as well as the decarboxylation product 2-chloroacetoacrylic acid, are identified after enzymatic conversion of 3,6-dichlorocatechol.

Shipping

m-DCB: UN2810 Toxic liquids, organic, n.o.s., Hazard Class: 6.1; Labels: 6.1-Poisonous materials, Technical Name Required. United States DOT Regulated Marine Pollutant. UN3077 Environmentally hazardous substances, solis, n.o.s., Hazard class: 9; Labels: 9-Miscellaneous hazardous material, Technical NameRequired. UN3082 Environmentally hazardous substances, liquid, n.o.s., Hazard class: 9; Labels: 9-Miscellaneous hazardous material, Technical Name Required

Purification Methods

o-Dichlorobenzene is a common impurity. The p-isomer has been purified by steam distillation, crystallisation from EtOH or boiling MeOH, air-dried and dried in the dark under vacuum. It has also been purified by zone refining. [Beilstein 5 IV 658.]

Incompatibilities

For o-DCB and m-DCB: acid fumes, chlorides, strong oxidizers; hot aluminum, or aluminum alloys. For p-DCB: Strong oxidizers; although, incompatibilities for this chemical may also include other materials listed for o-DCB.

Waste Disposal

Incineration, preferably after mixing with another combustible fuel. Care must be exercised to assure complete combustion to prevent the formation of phosgene. An acid scrubber is necessary to remove the halo acids produced. Consult with environmental regulatory agencies for guidance on acceptable disposal practices. Generators of waste containing this contaminant (≥100 kg/mo) must conform with EPA regulations governing storage, transportation, treatment, and waste disposal

1,4-Dichlorobenzene Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products


1,4-Dichlorobenzene Suppliers

Global( 260)Suppliers
Supplier Tel Fax Email Country ProdList Advantage
Henan DaKen Chemical CO.,LTD.
+86-371-55531817
info@dakenchem.com CHINA 22043 58
Henan Tianfu Chemical Co.,Ltd.
0371-55170693
0371-55170693 info@tianfuchem.com CHINA 20786 55
Mainchem Co., Ltd.
+86-0592-6210733
+86-0592-6210733 sales@mainchem.com CHINA 32651 55
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86-0551-65418684 18949823763
86-0551-65418684 info@tnjchem.com China 1662 55
Chemwill Asia Co.,Ltd.
86-21-51086038
86-21-51861608 chemwill_asia@126.com;sales@chemwill.com;chemwill@hotmail.com;chemwill@gmail.com CHINA 24118 58
Hubei Jusheng Technology Co.,Ltd.
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Haihang Industry Co.,Ltd
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+86 531 8582 1093 export@haihangchem.com CHINA 4525 58
QUALITY CONTROL CHEMICALS INC.
(323) 306-3136
(626) 453-0409 orders@qcchemical.com United States 8430 58
career henan chemical co
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sales@coreychem.com CHINA 19997 58
Kono Chem Co., Ltd
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View Lastest Price from 1,4-Dichlorobenzene manufacturers

Image Release date Product Price Min. Order Purity Supply Ability Manufacturer
2018-12-21 Benzoyl peroxide
94-36-0
US $1.00-1.00 / kg 1 kg 99% 100KG career henan chemical co
2018-12-21 1,4-Dichlorobenzene
106-46-7
US $1.00 / kg 1g 99% 100KG career henan chemical co

1,4-Dichlorobenzene Spectrum


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