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1,2-Dichlorobenzene structure
Chemical Name:
ODCB;Dizene;Cloroben;ai3-00053;Chloroden;Chloroben;Termitkil;NSC 60644;dilatindb;dowtherme
Molecular Formula:
Formula Weight:
MOL File:

1,2-Dichlorobenzene Properties

Melting point:
-15 °C
Boiling point:
179 °C
1.306 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
vapor density 
5.1 (vs air)
vapor pressure 
1.2 mm Hg ( 20 °C)
refractive index 
n20/D 1.551
Flash point:
150 °F
storage temp. 
Clear colorless to very slightly yellow
Aromatic; characteristic aromatic.
explosive limit
Water Solubility 
0.13 g/L (20 ºC)
λ: 296 nm Amax: 1.00
λ: 300 nm Amax: 0.30
λ: 305 nm Amax: 0.20
λ: 335 nm Amax: 0.05
λ: 375-400 nm Amax: 0.01
Exposure limits
Ceiling 50 ppm (~300 mg/m3) (MSHA, OSHA, and NIOSH); IDLH 1700 ppm (NIOSH).
Stable, but possibly light sensitive. Combustible. Incompatible with oxidizing agents, aluminium, aluminium alloys. Attacks some rubbers and plastics.
CAS DataBase Reference
95-50-1(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST Chemistry Reference
Benzene, 1,2-dichloro-(95-50-1)
EPA Substance Registry System
Benzene, 1,2-dichloro-(95-50-1)
  • Risk and Safety Statements
  • Hazard and Precautionary Statements (GHS)
  • NFPA
Hazard Codes  Xn,N,Xi,F,T
Risk Statements  22-36/37/38-50/53-67-66-52/53-36-11-39/23/24/25-23/24/25-51/53
Safety Statements  9-16-26-60-61-23-45-36/37-7
RIDADR  UN 1993 3/PG 2
WGK Germany  3
RTECS  CZ4500000
Autoignition Temperature 640 °C
HazardClass  6.1
PackingGroup  III
HS Code  29036100
Hazardous Substances Data 95-50-1(Hazardous Substances Data)
Toxicity LD50 orally in Rabbit: 500 mg/kg LD50 dermal Rabbit > 10000 mg/kg
Signal word: Danger
Hazard statements:
Code Hazard statements Hazard class Category Signal word Pictogram P-Codes
H225 Highly Flammable liquid and vapour Flammable liquids Category 2 Danger P210,P233, P240, P241, P242, P243,P280, P303+ P361+P353, P370+P378,P403+P235, P501
H227 Combustible liquid Flammable liquids Category 4 Warning P210, P280, P370+P378, P403+P235,P501
H302 Harmful if swallowed Acute toxicity,oral Category 4 Warning P264, P270, P301+P312, P330, P501
H315 Causes skin irritation Skin corrosion/irritation Category 2 Warning P264, P280, P302+P352, P321,P332+P313, P362
H317 May cause an allergic skin reaction Sensitisation, Skin Category 1 Warning P261, P272, P280, P302+P352,P333+P313, P321, P363, P501
H319 Causes serious eye irritation Serious eye damage/eye irritation Category 2A Warning P264, P280, P305+P351+P338,P337+P313P
H320 Causes eye irritation Serious eye damage/eye irritation Category 2B Warning P264, P305+P351+P338,P337+P313
H331 Toxic if inhaled Acute toxicity,inhalation Category 3 Danger P261, P271, P304+P340, P311, P321,P403+P233, P405, P501
H335 May cause respiratory irritation Specific target organ toxicity, single exposure;Respiratory tract irritation Category 3 Warning
H336 May cause drowsiness or dizziness Specific target organ toxicity,single exposure; Narcotic effects Category 3 Warning P261, P271, P304+P340, P312,P403+P233, P405, P501
H341 Suspected of causing genetic defects Germ cell mutagenicity Category 2 Warning P201,P202, P281, P308+P313, P405,P501
H370 Causes damage to organs Specific target organ toxicity, single exposure Category 1 Danger P260, P264, P270, P307+P311, P321,P405, P501
H372 Causes damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure Specific target organ toxicity, repeated exposure Category 1 Danger P260, P264, P270, P314, P501
H373 May cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure Specific target organ toxicity, repeated exposure Category 2 Warning P260, P314, P501
H400 Very toxic to aquatic life Hazardous to the aquatic environment, acute hazard Category 1 Warning P273, P391, P501
H410 Very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects Hazardous to the aquatic environment, long-term hazard Category 1 Warning P273, P391, P501
H411 Toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects Hazardous to the aquatic environment, long-term hazard Category 2
H412 Harmful to aquatic life with long lasting effects Hazardous to the aquatic environment, long-term hazard Category 3 P273, P501
Precautionary statements:
P201 Obtain special instructions before use.
P202 Do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood.
P210 Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces. — No smoking.
P260 Do not breathe dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P261 Avoid breathing dust/fume/gas/mist/vapours/spray.
P264 Wash hands thoroughly after handling.
P264 Wash skin thouroughly after handling.
P270 Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product.
P271 Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area.
P273 Avoid release to the environment.
P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
P391 Collect spillage. Hazardous to the aquatic environment
P305+P351+P338 IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continuerinsing.
P307+P311 IF exposed: call a POISON CENTER or doctor/physician.
P333+P313 IF SKIN irritation or rash occurs: Get medical advice/attention.
P337+P313 IF eye irritation persists: Get medical advice/attention.
P370+P378 In case of fire: Use … for extinction.
P405 Store locked up.
P403+P233 Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep container tightly closed.
P403+P235 Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep cool.
P501 Dispose of contents/container to..…

NFPA 704

Diamond Hazard Value Description
Flammability   2 Must be moderately heated or exposed to relatively high ambient temperature before ignition can occur and multiple finely divided suspended solids that do not require heating before ignition can occur. Flash point between 37.8 and 93.3 °C (100 and 200 °F). (e.g. diesel fuel, sulfur)
Instability   0 Normally stable, even under fire exposure conditions, and is not reactive with water (e.g. helium,N2)

(NFPA, 2010)

1,2-Dichlorobenzene price More Price(26)

Manufacturer Product number Product description CAS number Packaging Price Updated Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 240664 1,2-Dichlorobenzene anhydrous, 99% 95-50-1 1l $131 2018-11-13 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 240664 1,2-Dichlorobenzene anhydrous, 99% 95-50-1 2l $185 2018-11-13 Buy
Alfa Aesar 019385 1,2-Dichlorobenzene, HPLC Grade, 98% min 95-50-1 1L $83.5 2018-11-16 Buy
Alfa Aesar 019385 1,2-Dichlorobenzene, HPLC Grade, 98% min 95-50-1 *4x1L $253 2018-11-16 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich DX0685 1,2-Dichlorobenzene 95-50-1 3 $437 2018-11-20 Buy

1,2-Dichlorobenzene Chemical Properties,Uses,Production

Chemical Properties

colourless liquid

Chemical Properties

There are three isomeric forms of dichlorobenzene (DCB): m-DCB is a flammable liquid and vapor.

Chemical Properties

1,2-Dichlorobenzene (DCB, o-Dichlorobenzene, ODB, Orthodichlorobenzene), C6H4Cl2, is a colorless to pale yellow liquid with a pleasant aromatic odor. It is a combustible liquid and can form explosive mixtures with air at or above 151°F. Combustion and thermal decomposition products include hydrogen chloride gas, phosgene and chloro-carbons. Its flammable (explosive) limits are as follows: Lower 2.2%, Upper 9.2%.


Solvent for waxes, gums, resins, tars, rubbers, oils, asphalts; insecticide for termites and locust borers; fumigant; deodorizer; removing sulfur from illuminating gas; as degreasing agent for metals, leather, wool; as ingredient of metal polishes; as heat transfer medium; as intermediate in the manufacture of dyes.


1,2-Dichlorobenzene is used as a solvent; asa fumigant; as an insecticide for termites;as a degreasing agent for metals, wool, andleather; and as a heat transfer medium.


ChEBI: A dichlorobenzene carrying chloro substituents at positions 1 and 2.

General Description

A clear colorless liquid with a pleasant odor. Denser than water and insoluble in water. Flash point 150°F. Toxic by inhalation and ingestion. Used to make other chemicals, solvents, fumigants and insecticides and for many other uses.

Air & Water Reactions

Insoluble in water.

Reactivity Profile

1,2-Dichlorobenzene is sensitive to prolonged exposure to light. 1,2-Dichlorobenzene can react vigorously with oxidizers. 1,2-Dichlorobenzene is incompatible with aluminum and aluminum alloys. 1,2-Dichlorobenzene attacks some forms of plastics, rubber and coatings. .

Health Hazard

Chronic inhalation of mist or vapors may result in damage to lungs, liver, and kidneys. Acute vapor exposure can cause symptoms ranging from coughing to central nervous system depression and transient anesthesia. Irritating to skin, eyes, and mucous membranes. May cause dermatitis.

Health Hazard

1,2-Dichlorobenzene exhibits low acute toxi city by inhalation, ingestion, and skin absorp tion. It is more toxic than chlorobenzene.The symptoms are lacrimation, depression ofcentral nervous system, anesthesia, and liverdamage. Lethal concentration in rats for a7-hour exposure period is in the range of800 ppm. The oral LD50 value in rabbits is500 mg/kg. There is no evidence of carcino genicity in animals.

Fire Hazard

Flash Point (°F): 165 ℃; 155 ℃; Flammable Limits in Air (%): 2.2-9,2; Fire Extinguishing Agents: Water, foam, dry chemical or carbon dioxide; Fire Extinguishing Agents Not To Be Used: Not pertinent; Special Hazards of Combustion Products: Irritating vapors including hydrogen chloride gas, chlorocarbones, chlorine; Behavior in Fire: Not pertinent; Ignition Temperature (°F): 1198; Electrical Hazard: Not pertinent; Burning Rate: 1.3 mm/min.

Fire Hazard

Special Hazards of Combustion Products: Poisonous vapors including hydrogen chloride gas, chlorocarbons, chlorine

Chemical Reactivity

Reactivity with Water No reaction; Reactivity with Common Materials: No reaction; Stability During Transport: Stable; Neutralizing Agents for Acids and Caustics: Not pertinent; Polymerization: Not pertinent; Inhibitor of Polymerization: Not pertinent.

Safety Profile

Poison by ingestion and intravenous routes. Moderately toxic by inhalation and intraperitoneal routes. An experimental teratogen. Other experimental reproductive effects. An eye, skin, and mucous membrane irritant. Causes liver and hdney injury. Questionable carcinogen. Mutation data reported. A pesticide. Flammable when exposed to heat or flame. Can react vigorously with oxidizing materials. To fight fire, use water, foam, CO2, or dry chemical. Slow reaction with aluminum may lead to explosion during storage in a sealed aluminum container. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of Cl-. See also CHLOROBENZENE and CHLORINATED HYDROCARBONS, AROMATIC.

Potential Exposure

The major uses of o-DCB are as a process solvent in the manufacturing of toluene diisocyanate and as an intermediate in the synthesis of dyestuffs, herbicides, and degreasers. p-Dichlorbenzene is used primarily as a moth repellant, a mildew control agent; space deodorant; and in insecticides, which accounts for 90% of the total production of this isomer. Information is not available concerning the production and use of m-DCB. However, it may occur as a contaminant of o-or p-DCB formulations. Both o-and p-isomers are produced almost entirely as by-products during the production of monochlorobenzene

First aid

If this chemical gets into the eyes, remove any contact lenses at once and irrigate immediately for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting upper and lower lids. Seek medical attention immediately. If this chemical contacts the skin, remove contaminated clothing and wash immediately with soap and water. Seek medical attention immediately. If this chemical has been inhaled, remove from exposure, begin rescue breathing (using universal precautions, including resuscitation mask) if breathing has stopped and CPR if heart action has stopped. Transfer promptly to a medical facility. When this chemical has been swallowed, get medical attention. Give large quantities of water and induce vomiting. Do not make an unconscious person vomit


m-DCB: UN2810 Toxic liquids, organic, n.o.s., Hazard Class: 6.1; Labels: 6.1-Poisonous materials, Technical Name Required. United States DOT Regulated Marine Pollutant. UN3077 Environmentally hazardous substances, solis, n.o.s., Hazard class: 9; Labels: 9-Miscellaneous hazardous material, Technical NameRequired. UN3082 Environmentally hazardous substances, liquid, n.o.s., Hazard class: 9; Labels: 9-Miscellaneous hazardous material, Technical Name Required

Purification Methods

Contaminants may include the p-isomer and trichlorobenzene [Suslick et al. J Am Chem Soc 106 4522 1984]. It should be shaken with conc or fuming H2SO4, washed with water, dried with CaCl2, and distilled from CaH2 or sodium in a glass-packed column. Low conductivity material (ca 10-10 mhos) has been obtained by refluxing with P2O5, fractionally distilling and passing it through a column packed with silica gel or activated alumina: it is stored in a dry-box under N2 or with activated alumina. [Beilstein 5 IV 654.]


For o-DCB and m-DCB: acid fumes, chlorides, strong oxidizers; hot aluminum, or aluminum alloys. For p-DCB: Strong oxidizers; although, incompatibilities for this chemical may also include other materials listed for o-DCB.

Waste Disposal

Incineration, preferably after mixing with another combustible fuel. Care must be exercised to assure complete combustion to prevent the formation of phosgene. An acid scrubber is necessary to remove the halo acids produced. Consult with environmental regulatory agencies for guidance on acceptable disposal practices. Generators of waste containing this contaminant (≥100 kg/mo) must conform with EPA regulations governing storage, transportation, treatment, and waste disposal

1,2-Dichlorobenzene Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products

1,2-Dichlorobenzene Suppliers

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1,2-Dichlorobenzene Spectrum

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