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tert-부틸알코올

tert-부틸알코올
tert-부틸알코올 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
75-65-0
한글명:
tert-부틸알코올
동의어(한글):
tert-부틸알코올;1,1-디메틸에탄올;T-부탄올;삼차-부탄올;트리메틸메탄올;트리메틸카빈올;부틸알코올TERT-BUTYLALCOHOL;삼차부틸알코올;삼차-부틸알콜;2-메틸-2-프로판올;t-부틸알코올;T-뷰틸 알코올
상품명:
tert-Butanol
동의어(영문):
TBA;tBu-OH;HP-TBA;BUTANOL;arconol;tButanol;t-Butanol;FEMA 2178;N-BUTONOL;NCI-C55367
CBNumber:
CB5206388
분자식:
C4H10O
포뮬러 무게:
74.12
MOL 파일:
75-65-0.mol

tert-부틸알코올 속성

녹는점
23-26 °C (lit.)
끓는 점
83 °C (lit.)
밀도
0.775 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)
증기 밀도
2.55 (vs air)
증기압
31 mm Hg ( 20 °C)
굴절률
n20/D 1.399(lit.)
인화점
95 °F
저장 조건
Store at +5°C to +30°C.
용해도
water: miscible
산도 계수 (pKa)
19(at 25℃)
물리적 상태
Liquid After Melting
색상
APHA: ≤20
상대극성
0.389
냄새
Characteristic; camphor-like; pungent.
pH 범위
7
Odor Threshold
4.5ppm
폭발한계
2.3-8.0%(V)
수용성
soluble
최대 파장(λmax)
λ: 215 nm Amax: 1.00
λ: 230 nm Amax: 0.50
λ: 250 nm Amax: 0.20
λ: 300-350 nm Amax: 0.01
JECFA Number
85
Merck
14,1542
BRN
906698
Henry's Law Constant
1.22 at 25 °C (static headspace-GC, Merk and Riederer, 1997)
노출 한도
TLV-TWA 300 mg/m3 (100 ppm) (ACGIH); IDLH 8000 ppm.
안정성
Stable. Very flammable. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, copper, copper alloys, alkali metals, aluminium.
InChIKey
DKGAVHZHDRPRBM-UHFFFAOYSA-N
CAS 데이터베이스
75-65-0(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST
Ethanol, 1,1-dimethyl-(75-65-0)
EPA
tert-Butanol (75-65-0)
안전
  • 위험 및 안전 성명
  • 위험 및 사전주의 사항 (GHS)
위험품 표기 Xn,F,T
위험 카페고리 넘버 11-20-39/23/24/25-23/24/25-36/37
안전지침서 9-16-45-36/37-7-46-26
유엔번호(UN No.) UN 1120 3/PG 3
WGK 독일 1
RTECS 번호 EO1925000
자연 발화 온도 896 °F
TSCA Yes
위험 등급 3
포장분류 II
HS 번호 29051410
유해 물질 데이터 75-65-0(Hazardous Substances Data)
독성 LD50 orally in rats: 3.5 g/kg (Schaffarzick, Brown)
기존화학 물질 KE-24895
그림문자(GHS):
신호 어: Danger
유해·위험 문구:
암호 유해·위험 문구 위험 등급 범주 신호 어 그림 문자 P- 코드
H225 고인화성 액체 및 증기 인화성 액체 구분 2 위험 P210,P233, P240, P241, P242, P243,P280, P303+ P361+P353, P370+P378,P403+P235, P501
H301 삼키면 유독함 급성 독성 물질 - 경구 구분 3 위험 P264, P270, P301+P310, P321, P330,P405, P501
H311 피부와 접촉하면 유독함 급성 독성 물질 - 경피 구분 3 위험 P280, P302+P352, P312, P322, P361,P363, P405, P501
H319 눈에 심한 자극을 일으킴 심한 눈 손상 또는 자극성 물질 구분 2A 경고 P264, P280, P305+P351+P338,P337+P313P
H331 흡입하면 유독함 급성 독성 물질 흡입 구분 3 위험 P261, P271, P304+P340, P311, P321,P403+P233, P405, P501
H332 흡입하면 유해함 급성 독성 물질 흡입 구분 4 경고 P261, P271, P304+P340, P312
H335 호흡 자극성을 일으킬 수 있음 특정 표적장기 독성 - 1회 노출;호흡기계 자극 구분 3 경고
H336 졸음 또는 현기증을 일으킬 수 있음 특정표적장기 독성 물질(1회 노출);마취작용 구분 3 경고 P261, P271, P304+P340, P312,P403+P233, P405, P501
H361 태아 또는 생식능력에 손상을 일으킬 것으로 의심됨 생식독성 물질 구분 2 경고 P201, P202, P281, P308+P313, P405,P501
H370 장기(또는, 영향을 받은 알려진 모든 장기를 명시)에 손상을 일으킴(노출되어도 특정 표적장기 독성을 일으키지 않는다는 결정적인 노출경로가 있다면 노출경로를 기재) 특정 표적장기 독성 - 1회 노출 구분 1 위험 P260, P264, P270, P307+P311, P321,P405, P501
예방조치문구:
P201 사용 전 취급 설명서를 확보하시오.
P202 모든 안전 조치 문구를 읽고 이해하기 전에는 취급하지 마시오.
P210 열·스파크·화염·고열로부터 멀리하시오 - 금연 하시오.
P233 용기를 단단히 밀폐하시오. 용기는 환기가 잘 되는 곳에 단단히 밀폐하여 보관하시오.
P240 용기와 수용설비를 접지 및 접합시키시오.
P260 분진·흄·가스·미스트·증기·...·스프레이를 흡입하지 마시오.
P261 분진·흄·가스·미스트·증기·...·스프레이의 흡입을 피하시오.
P264 취급 후에는 손을 철저히 씻으시오.
P264 취급 후에는 손을 철저히 씻으시오.
P271 옥외 또는 환기가 잘 되는 곳에서만 취급하시오.
P280 보호장갑/보호의/보안경/안면보호구를 착용하시오.
P311 의료기관(의사)의 진찰을 받으시오.
P301+P310 삼켰다면 즉시 의료기관(의사)의 진찰을 받으시오.
P303+P361+P353 피부(또는 머리카락)에 묻으면 오염된 모든 의복은 벗거나 제거하시오 피부를 물로 씻으시오/샤워하시오.
P305+P351+P338 눈에 묻으면 몇 분간 물로 조심해서 씻으시오. 가능하면 콘택트렌즈를 제거하시오. 계속 씻으시오.
P308+P313 노출 또는 접촉이 우려되면 의학적인 조치· 조언를 구하시오.
P370+P378 화재 시 불을 끄기 위해 (Section 5. 폭발, 화재시 대처방법의 적절한 소화제)을(를) 사용하시오.
P405 밀봉하여 저장하시오.
P403+P233 용기는 환기가 잘 되는 곳에 단단히 밀폐하여 저장하시오.
P403+P235 환기가 잘 되는 곳에 보관하고 저온으로 유지하시오.
P501 ...에 내용물 / 용기를 폐기 하시오.
NFPA 704
3
1 0

tert-부틸알코올 MSDS


tert-Butanol

tert-부틸알코올 C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산

화학적 성질

tert-butyl alcohol, (CH3)3COH, also known as tert-Butanol, is a white crystalline solid or colorless liquid (above 77 °F) with a camphor-like odor (IPCS, 1987a; NIOSH, 2005). It is soluble in water and miscible with alcohol, ether, and other organic solvents (IPCS, 1987a). It is highly flammable and easily ignited by heat, sparks, or flames; vapors may form explosive mixtures with air. Fire and explosion may result from contact with oxidizing agents, strong mineral acids, or strong hydrochloric acid (NIOSH,1992).
tert-butanol
tert-Butanol has been used for a variety of other purposes, including as a dehydrating agent and solvent. tert-butanol is a polar organic solvent that is used in such large scale applications as the manufacture of flavors, perfumes, and paint removers. It is also utilized as a denaturant for ethyl alcohol.
Tert-butanol is a metabolite of the gasoline additive methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE).
tert-Butanol also is used to manufacture methyl methacrylate plastics and flotation devices. Cosmetic and food-related uses include the manufacture of flavors, and, because of its camphor-like aroma, it also is used to create artificial musk, fruit essences, and perfume (HSDB, 2007). It is used in coatings on metal and paperboard food containers (Cal/EPA, 1999) and industrial cleaning compounds, and can be used for chemical extraction in pharmaceutical applications (HSDB, 2007).

물리적 성질

tert-Butanol is a colorless liquid or crystals with a camphor-like odor. A detection odor threshold concentration of 2,900 mg/m3 (957 ppmv) was experimentally determined by Dravnieks (1974). In a later study, Nagata and Takeuchi (1990) reported an odor threshold concentration 220 ppbv.

용도

tert-Butyl alcohol is used as a solvent (e.g., for paints, lacquers, and varnishes); as a denaturant for ethanol and several other alcohols; as an octane booster in gasoline; as a dehydrating agent; as a chemical intermediate in the manufacturing of methyl methacrylate; and in the manufacturing of flotation agents, fruit essences, and perfumes.

용도

tert-Butyl alcohol is used in the production of tert-butyl chloride, tert-butyl phenol, andisobutylene; in the preparation of artificial musk; and in denatured alcohols.

용도

Plastics, lacquers, cellulose esters, fruit essences, perfumes, and chemical intermediates; additive to unleaded gasoline

생산 방법

t-Butyl alcohol is produced as a by-product from the isobutane oxidation process for manufacturing propylene oxide. t-Butyl alcohol is also produced by the acidcatalyzed hydration of isobutylene, a process no longer used in the United States.

정의

Tert-butanol is a tertiary alcohol alcohol that is isobutane substituted by a hydroxy group at position 2. It has a role as a human xenobiotic metabolite. It derives from a hydride of an isobutane.

일반 설명

Colorless oily liquid with a sharp alcohol odor. Floats and mixes with water. Produces irritating vapor. Freezing point is 78°F.

공기와 물의 반응

Highly flammable. Water soluble.

반응 프로필

Attacks plastics. [Handling Chemicals Safely 1980. p. 236]. Acetyl bromide reacts violently with alcohols or water [Merck 11th ed. 1989]. Mixtures of alcohols with concentrated sulfuric acid and strong hydrogen peroxide can cause explosions. Example: an explosion will occur if dimethylbenzylcarbinol is added to 90% hydrogen peroxide then acidified with concentrated sulfuric acid. Mixtures of ethyl alcohol with concentrated hydrogen peroxide form powerful explosives. Mixtures of hydrogen peroxide and 1-phenylm-2-methyl propyl alcohol tend to explode if acidified with 70% sulfuric acid [Chem. Eng. News 45(43):73 1967; J, Org. Chem. 28:1893 1963]. Alkyl hypochlorites are violently explosive. They are readily obtained by reacting hypochlorous acid and alcohols either in aqueous solution or mixed aqueous-carbon tetrachloride solutions. Chlorine plus alcohols would similarly yield alkyl hypochlorites. They decompose in the cold and explode on exposure to sunlight or heat. Tertiary hypochlorites are less unstable than secondary or primary hypochlorites [NFPA 491 M 1991]. Base-catalysed reactions of isocyanates with alcohols should be carried out in inert solvents. Such reactions in the absence of solvents often occur with explosive violence [Wischmeyer 1969].

위험도

Irritant to eyes and skin. Flammable, dan- gerous fire risk. Central nervous system impair- ment. Questionable carcinogen.

건강위험

tert-Butyl alcohol is more toxic than secbutylalcohol but less toxic than the primaryalcohol. However, its narcotic actionis stronger than that of n-butanol. Inhalationmay cause drowsiness and mild irritationof the skin and eyes. Ingestion may produceheadache, dizziness, and dry skin.
Acute oral LD50 value (rats): 3500 mg/kg.

화학 반응

Reactivity with Water: No reaction; Reactivity with Common Materials: No reactions; Stability During Transport: Stable; Neutralizing Agents for Acids and Caustics: Not pertinent; Polymerization: Not pertinent; Inhibitor of Polymerization: Not pertinent.

Safety Profile

Moderately toxic by ingestion, intravenous, and intraperitoneal routes. An experimental teratogen. Other experimental reproductive effects. Dangerous fire hazard when exposed to heat or flame. Moderately explosive in the form of vapor when exposed to flame. Ignites on contact with potassium-sodum alloys. To fight fire, use alcohol foam, CO2, dry chemical. Incompatible with oxidizing materials, H202. See also n-BUTYL ALCOHOL and ALCOHOLS.

잠재적 노출

Butyl alcohols are used as solvents for paints, lacquers, varnishes, natural and synthetic resins, gums, vegetable oils, dyes, camphor, and alkaloids. They are also used as an intermediate in the manufacture of pharmaceuticals and chemicals; in the manufacture of artificial leather, safety glass; rubber and plastic cements, shellac, raincoats, photographic films, perfumes; and in plastic fabrication.

Carcinogenicity

There were increased incidences of renal tubule adenoma and carcinoma in male rats, transitional epithelia hyperplasia of the kidney in male and female rats, follicular cell adenoma of the thyroid in female mice, and follicular cell hyperplasia of the thyroid and inflammation and hyperplasia of the urinary bladder in male and female mice. In addition, a slight increase in follicular cell adenoma or carcinoma of the thyroid (combined) in male mice may have been related to exposure to t-butyl alcohol. t-Butyl alcohol was inactive on mouse skin as a complete carcinogen or as a tumor promoter.

Source

Detected in a distilled water-soluble fraction of 94 octane unleaded gasoline at a concentration of 3.72 mg/L (Potter, 1996)

운송 방법

UN1120 Butanols, Hazard Class: 3; Labels: 3— Flammable liquid. UN1212 Isobutanol or Isobutyl alcohol, Hazard Class: 3; Labels: 3—Flammable liquid

Purification Methods

tert-Butanol is synthesised commercially by the hydration of 2-methylpropene in dilute H2SO4. Dry it with CaO, K2CO3, CaSO4 or MgSO4, filter and fractionally distil it. Dry further by refluxing with, and distilling from, either magnesium activated with iodine, or small amounts of calcium, sodium or potassium, under nitrogen. Passage through a column of type 4A molecular sieve is another effective method of drying; as well as refluxing with tert-butyl phthalate or succinate. (For method see Ethanol.) Other methods include refluxing with excess aluminium tert-butylate, or standing with CaH2, and distilling as needed. Further purification is achieved by fractional crystallisation by partial freezing, taking care to exclude moisture. tert-Butyl alcohol samples containing much water can be dried by adding *benzene, so that the water distils off as a tertiary azeotrope, b 67.3o. Traces of isobutylene have been removed from dry tert-butyl alcohol by bubbling dry pre-purified nitrogen through for several hours at 40-50o before using. It forms azeotropic mixtures with a large number of compounds. It has also been purified by distillation from CaH2 into Linde 4A molecular sieves which had been activated at 350o for 24hours [Jaeger et al. J Am Chem Soc 101 717 1979]. [Beilstein 1 IV 1609.] Rapid purification: Dry tert-butanol over CaH2 (5% w/v), distil and store it over 3A molecular sieves.

비 호환성

tert-Butanol is incompatible with strong acids (including mineral acid), including mineral acids; strong oxidizers or caustics, aliphatic amines; isocyanates, alkali metals (i.e., lithium, sodium, potassium, rubidium, cesium, francium).

폐기물 처리

Incineration, or bury absorbed waste in an approved land fill.

tert-부틸알코올 준비 용품 및 원자재

원자재

준비 용품


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