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1-프로판올 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
Optal;albacol;n-C3H7OH;PROPANOL;FEMA 2928;ai3-16115;Propanole;Propanoli;1-PROPANOL;n-Propano1
포뮬러 무게:
MOL 파일:

1-프로판올 속성

-127 °C(lit.)
끓는 점
97 °C(lit.)
0.804 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
증기 밀도
2.1 (vs air)
10 mm Hg ( 147 °C)
n20/D 1.384(lit.)
59 °F
저장 조건
Store at RT.
H2O: passes test
산도 계수 (pKa)
>14 (Schwarzenbach et al., 1993)
물리적 상태
Resembles that of ethyl alcohol.
7 (200g/l, H2O, 20℃)
Odor Threshold
최대 파장(λmax)
λ: 220 nm Amax: ≤0.40
λ: 240 nm Amax: ≤0.071
λ: 275 nm Amax: ≤0.0044
JECFA Number
Henry's Law Constant
6.75 (static headspace-GC, Merk and Riederer, 1997)
노출 한도
TLV-TWA (200 ppm); (500 mg/m3); STEL 250 ppm (625 mg/m3); IDLH 4000 ppm.
Stable. May form peroxides in contact with air. Incompatible with alkali metals, alkaline earths, aluminium, oxidizing agents, nitro compounds. Highly flammable. Vapour/air mixtures explosive.
CAS 데이터베이스
71-23-8(CAS DataBase Reference)
1-Propanol (71-23-8)
  • 위험 및 안전 성명
  • 위험 및 사전주의 사항 (GHS)
위험품 표기 F,Xi
위험 카페고리 넘버 11-41-67
안전지침서 7-16-24-26-39
유엔번호(UN No.) UN 1274 3/PG 2
WGK 독일 1
RTECS 번호 UH8225000
F 고인화성물질 10-23
자연 발화 온도 700 °F
위험 등급 3
포장분류 II
HS 번호 29051200
유해 물질 데이터 71-23-8(Hazardous Substances Data)
독성 LD50 orally in rats: 1.87 g/kg (Smyth)
신호 어: Danger
유해·위험 문구:
암호 유해·위험 문구 위험 등급 범주 신호 어 그림 문자 P- 코드
H225 고인화성 액체 및 증기 인화성 액체 구분 2 위험 P210,P233, P240, P241, P242, P243,P280, P303+ P361+P353, P370+P378,P403+P235, P501
H318 눈에 심한 손상을 일으킴 심한 눈 손상 또는 자극성 물질 구분 1 위험 P280, P305+P351+P338, P310
H336 졸음 또는 현기증을 일으킬 수 있음 특정표적장기 독성 물질(1회 노출);마취작용 구분 3 경고 P261, P271, P304+P340, P312,P403+P233, P405, P501
P210 열·스파크·화염·고열로부터 멀리하시오 - 금연 하시오.
P261 분진·흄·가스·미스트·증기·...·스프레이의 흡입을 피하시오.
P280 보호장갑/보호의/보안경/안면보호구를 착용하시오.
P303+P361+P353 피부(또는 머리카락)에 묻으면 오염된 모든 의복은 벗거나 제거하시오 피부를 물로 씻으시오/샤워하시오.
P305+P351+P338 눈에 묻으면 몇 분간 물로 조심해서 씻으시오. 가능하면 콘택트렌즈를 제거하시오. 계속 씻으시오.
P370+P378 화재 시 불을 끄기 위해 (Section 5. 폭발, 화재시 대처방법의 적절한 소화제)을(를) 사용하시오.
P405 밀봉하여 저장하시오.
P403+P235 환기가 잘 되는 곳에 보관하고 저온으로 유지하시오.

1-프로판올 MSDS


1-프로판올 C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산


물과는 임의의 비율로 혼합되지만, 염화칼슘의 찬 포화 용액에는 녹지 않으므로 에틸알코올과 구별된다. 에틸알코올, 에테르에도 임의의 비율로 혼합된다. 산화하면 프로피온알데히드가 되며 다시 프로피온산이 된다. 황산에 의해 탈수하면 프로필렌이 되며 여기에 요오드화수소를 첨가한 후 가수 분해하면 이소프로필알코올을 생성한다 240~250℃로 수산화칼륨을 작용시키면 프로피온산과 프로필렌이 된다. 브롬과는 반응하여 1, 1-디브로모프로피온알데히드와 브롬화프로필을 생성하며 요오드와 수산화칼륨에서는 요오도포름을 생성한다.


염화에틸마그네슘과 트리히드록시메틸렌을 반응시킨다. 또 프로피온알데히드를 환원해도 좋다. 공업적으로는 천연물에서 분별 증류로 얻어지며 메틸알코올 합성의 부산물로서 얻어진다.

포장, 보관 및 운송

n- 프로판올은 실온에서 휘발성이다. 저장 및 운송은 화재 원인을 피하기 위해 제한되어야합니다. 제한된 저온 보존과 수송 탱커.

화학적 성질

Propyl alcohol has an alcoholic odor and a characteristic ripe, fruity flavor.

화학적 성질

1-Propanol is a clear, colorless liquid with a typical alcohol odor.

물리적 성질

Colorless liquid with a mild, alcohol-like odor. Experimentally determined detection and recognition odor threshold concentrations were <75 μg/m3 (<31 ppbv) and 200 μg/m3 (81 ppbv), respectively (Hellman and Small, 1974). An odor threshold concentration of 100 ppbv was reported by Nagata and Takeuchi (1990).


Reported found in the natural aromas of apple, cognac and rum; also formed during alcoholic fermentation. Also reported found in apple, apricot, banana, sweet cherry, papaya, pineapple, orange juice, lingonberry, cranberry, grapes, peas, pineapple, raspberry, strawberry, onion, leek, tomato, ginger, vinegar, many cheeses, butter, fatty fish, fish oil, cooked beef, mutton and pork, beer, several types of bread, pear brandy, Scotch blended whiskey, malt whiskey, cognac, armagnac, weinbrand rum, bourbon whiskey, Irish whiskey, rum, grape wines, cider, sherry, cocoa, tea, roasted filberts and peanuts, honey, soybean, oats, passion fruit, plum, beans, mushroom, apple and plum brandy, gin, rice, rice bran, quince, prickly pear, jackfruit, sake, buckwheat, loquat, wild rice, anise brandy, endive, truffle, arrack, clam, cape gooseberry and Chinese quince.


1-Propanol is used in making n-propyl acetate; and as a solvent for waxes, resins, vegetable oils, and flexographic printing ink. It is produced from the fermentation and spoilage of vegetable matter.


A colorless liquid made by oxidation of aliphatic hydrocarbons that is used as a solvent and chemical intermediate.


As a solvent for resins and cellulose esters, etc.


ChEBI: The parent member of the class of propan-1-ols that is propane in which a hydrogen of one of the methyl groups is replaced by a hydroxy group.


propanol: Either of two alcohols with the formula C3H7OH. Propan-1- ol is CH3CH2CH2OH and propan-2-ol is CH3CH(OH)CH3. Both are colourless volatile liquids. Propan-2-ol is used in making propanone (acetone).

생산 방법

1-Propanol is produced commercially by the oxo process by reacting ethylene with carbon monoxide and hydrogen in the presence of a catalyst to give propionaldehyde, which is then hydrogenated.

Aroma threshold values

Detection: 5.7 to 40 ppm; recognition: 600 to 6300 ppm

일반 설명

A clear colorless liquid with a sharp musty odor like rubbing alcohol. Flash point 53-77°F. Autoignites at 700°F. Vapors are heavier than air and mildly irritate the eyes, nose, and throat. Density approximately 6.5 lb / gal. Used in making cosmetics, skin and hair preparations, pharmaceuticals, perfumes, lacquer formulations, dye solutions, antifreezes, rubbing alcohols, soaps, window cleaners, acetone and other chemicals and products.

공기와 물의 반응

Highly flammable. Water soluble.

반응 프로필

1-Propanol reacts with alkali metal, nitrides and strong reducing agents to give flammable and/or toxic gases. Reacts with oxoacids and carboxylic acids to form esters plus water. Converted by oxidizing agents to propanal or propionic acid. May initiate the polymerization of isocyanates and epoxides. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents .


Flammable, dangerous fire risk. Explosive limits in air 2–13%. Toxic by skin absorption. Eye and upper respiratory tract irritant. Questionable carcinogen.


Target organs: skin, eyes, gastrointestinal tracts, and respiratory system. Toxic routes: ingestion, inhalation, and skin contact.
LD50 value, oral (rats): 5400 mg/kg (NIOSH1986)
LD50 value, skin (rabbits): 6700 mg/kg(NIOSH 1986)
Ingestion causes headache, drowsiness,abdominal cramps, gastrointestinal pain,ataxia, nausea, and diarrhea. Eye contactproduces irritation. It may cause dermatitison repeated skin contact. Although thetoxicity of 1-propanol is low, at a highconcentration it may produce a narcoticeffect, as well as irritation of the eyes, nose,and throat..


HIGHLY FLAMMABLE: Will be easily ignited by heat, sparks or flames. Vapors may form explosive mixtures with air. Vapors may travel to source of ignition and flash back. Most vapors are heavier than air. They will spread along ground and collect in low or confined areas (sewers, basements, tanks). Vapor explosion hazard indoors, outdoors or in sewers. Runoff to sewer may create fire or explosion hazard. Containers may explode when heated. Many liquids are lighter than water.

화학 반응

Reactivity with Water No reaction; Reactivity with Common Materials: No reactions; Stability During Transport: Stable; Neutralizing Agents for Acids and Caustics: Not pertinent; Polymerization: Not pertinent; Inhibitor of Polymerization: Not pertinent.

Safety Profile

Poison by subcutaneous route. Moderately toxic by inhalation, ingestion, intraperitoneal, and intravenous routes. A skin and severe eye irritant. Questionable carcinogen with experimental carcinogenic data. Mutation data reported. A flammable liquid and dangerous fire hazard when exposed to heat, flame, or oxidizers. Explosive in the form of vapor when exposed to heat or flame. Ignites on contact with potassium-tert- butoxide. Dangerous upon exposure to heat or flame; can react vigorously with oxidizing materials. To fight fire, use alcohol foam, CO2, dry chemical. When heated to decomposition it emits acrid smoke and irritating fumes.

잠재적 노출

n-Propyl alcohol is used as as solvent in lacquers, dopes; to make cosmetics; dental lotions; clea- ners, polishes, and pharmaceuticals; as a surgical antiseptic. It is a solvent for vegetable oils, natural gums and resins; rosin, shellac, certain synthetic resins; ethylcellulose, and butyral; as a degreasing agent; as a chemical intermediate.


Eighteen Wistar rats were dosed by oral gavage with 0.3 mL/kg twice weekly. The average survival time was 570 days. In addition to severe liver injury and hyperplasia of the hematopoietic parenchyma, 5 malignant tumors (2 myeloid leukemias, 2 liver sarcomas, and 1 liver cell carcinoma) and 10 benign tumors were observed. Three benign but no malignant tumors were found in the controls given saline.


Biological. In activated sludge inoculum, following a 20-d adaptation period, 98.8% COD removal was achieved. The average rate of biodegradation was 71.0 mg COD/g?h (Pitter, 1976). Using the BOD technique to measure biodegradation, the mean 5-d BOD value (mM BOD/mM 1- propanol) and ThOD were 2.70 and 60.0%, respectively (Vaishnav et al., 1987).
Photolytic. Reported rate constants for the reaction of 1-propanol and OH radicals in the atmosphere: 2.3 x 10-12 cm3/molecule?sec at 300 K (Hendry and Kenley, 1979); 2.3 x 10-9 L/molecule?sec (second-order) at 292 K (Campbell et al., 1976), 5.33 x 10-12 cm3/molecule?sec at 296 K (Overend and Paraskevopoulos, 1978). Based on an atmospheric OH concentration of 1.0 x 106 molecule/cm3, the reported half-life of 1-propanol is 1.5 d (Grosjean, 1997).
Chemical/Physical. At an influent concentration of 1,000 mg/L, treatment with GAC resulted in an effluent concentration of 811 mg/L. The adsorbability of the carbon used was 38 mg/g carbon (Guisti et al., 1974).

운송 방법

UN1274, n-Propanol, Hazard Class: 3; Labels: 3-Flammable liquid.

Purification Methods

The main impurities in n-propyl alcohol are usually water and 2-propen-1-ol, reflecting the commercial production by hydration of propene. Water can be removed by azeotropic distillation either directly (azeotrope contains 28% water) or by using a ternary system, e.g. by also adding *benzene. Alternatively, for removal of gross amounts of water, reflux over CaO for several hours is desirable, followed by distillation and a further drying. To obtain more nearly anhydrous alcohol, suitable drying agents are firstly NaOH, CaSO4 or K2CO3, then CaH2, aluminium amalgam, magnesium activated with iodine, or a small amount of sodium. Alternatively, the alcohol can be refluxed with n-propylsuccinate or phthalate in a method similar to the one described under EtOH. Allyl alcohol is removed by adding bromine (15mL/L) and then fractionally distilling from a small amount of K2CO3. Propionaldehyde, also formed in the bromination, is removed as the 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazone. n-Propyl alcohol can be dried down to 20ppm of water by passage through a column of pre-dried molecular sieves (type 3 or 4A, heated for 3hours at 300o) in a current of nitrogen. Distillation from sulfanilic or tartaric acids removes impurities. Albrecht [J Am Chem Soc 82 3813 1960] obtained spectroscopically pure material by heating with charcoal to 50-60o, filtering and adding 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine and a few drops of conc H2SO4. After standing for several hours, the mixture is cooled to 0o, filtered and distilled in a vacuum. Gold and Satchell [J Chem Soc 1938 1963] heated n-propyl alcohol with 3-nitrophthalic anhydride at 76-110o for 15hours, then recrystallised the resulting ester from H2O, *benzene/pet ether (b 100-120o)(3:1), and *benzene. The ester was hydrolysed under reflux with aqueous 7.5M NaOH for 45minutes under nitrogen, followed by distillation (also under nitrogen). The fraction with b 87-92o is dried with K2CO3 and stirred under reduced pressure in the dark over 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine, then freshly distilled. Also purify it by adding 2g NaBH4 to 1.5L of alcohol, gently flushing with argon and refluxing for 1day at 50o. Then 2g of freshly cut sodium (washed with propanol) is added and refluxed for one day, and finally distilled, taking the middle fraction [Jou & Freeman J Phys Chem 81 909 1977]. [Beilstein 1 IV 1413.]

비 호환성

Vapors may form explosive mixture with air. Incompatible with oxidizers (chlorates, nitrates, perox- ides, permanganates, perchlorates, chlorine, bromine, fluo- rine, etc.); contact may cause fires or explosions. Keep away from alkaline materials, strong bases, strong acids, oxoacids, epoxides. n-Propanol reacts with alkali metal, nitrides and strong reducing agents to give flammable and/ or toxic gases. Reacts with oxoacids and carboxylic acids to form esters plus water. Converted by oxidizing agents to propanal or propionic acid. May initiate the polymerization of isocyanates and epoxides

폐기물 처리

Dissolve or mix the material with a combustible solvent and burn in a chemical incinera- tor equipped with an afterburner and scrubber. All federal, state, and local environmental regulations must be observed.

1-프로판올 준비 용품 및 원자재


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