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Guanosine 5'-monophosphate disodium salt

Identification test Content analysis Toxicity Usage limit Chemical properties Uses Preparation
Guanosine 5'-monophosphate disodium salt
Guanosine 5'-monophosphate disodium salt structure
Chemical Name:
Guanosine 5'-monophosphate disodium salt
GMP;GMP-5;GMP-5;GMP-2Na;GMP·Na2;FEMA 3668;sodiumgmp;5'-GMP-NA2;5'-GMP 2NA;2'(3')-GMP
Molecular Formula:
Formula Weight:
MOL File:

Guanosine 5'-monophosphate disodium salt Properties

Melting point:
storage temp. 
H2O: soluble50mg/mL, clear, colorless to faintly yellow
Crystalline Powder
Water Solubility 
>50 g/L
CAS DataBase Reference
5550-12-9(CAS DataBase Reference)
172.530; 155.120; 155.130; 155.170
Substances Added to Food (formerly EAFUS)
EPA Substance Registry System
5'-Guanylic acid, disodium salt (5550-12-9)
  • Risk and Safety Statements
Hazard Codes  Xi
Risk Statements  36/37/38
Safety Statements  22-24/25-36/37/39-27-26
WGK Germany  2
RTECS  MF9290000
HS Code  29349990
Toxicity LD50 oral in rat: > 17300mg/kg
NFPA 704
1 0

Guanosine 5'-monophosphate disodium salt price More Price(15)

Manufacturer Product number Product description CAS number Packaging Price Updated Buy
Sigma-Aldrich G8377 Guanosine 5′-monophosphate disodium salt hydrate from yeast, ≥99% 5550-12-9 1g $87.3 2019-12-02 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 1221000 Guanosine 5′-monophosphate disodium salt hydrate United States Pharmacopeia (USP) Reference Standard 5550-12-9 350mg $330.75 2019-12-02 Buy
TCI Chemical G0172 Guanosine 5'-Monophosphate Disodium Salt Hydrate >98.0%(HPLC)(N) 5550-12-9 25g $121 2020-06-24 Buy
TCI Chemical G0172 Guanosine 5'-Monophosphate Disodium Salt Hydrate >98.0%(HPLC)(N) 5550-12-9 100g $363 2020-06-24 Buy
Cayman Chemical 16957 Guanosine 5'-monophosphate (sodium salt) ≥98% 5550-12-9 5g $38 2020-06-24 Buy

Guanosine 5'-monophosphate disodium salt Chemical Properties,Uses,Production

Identification test

UV absorbance: A 1/50000 sample solution was prepared with 0.01 mol/L hydrochloric acid solution, which had a maximum absorbance at a wavelength of 256 nm ± 2 nm. A250/A260 ratio is at the range of 0.95 to 1.03, and A280/A260 ratio is at the range of 0.63 to 0.71.
Ribose test exhibits positive result. Take 3 mL of 0.03% sample solution, add 0.2 mL of the ethanol solution of 10% dihydroxy toluene, and 3 mL 0.1% ammonium ferric sulfate hydrochloric acid (TS-100), heat in water bath for 10 min, the color of the solution should be green.
Organic phosphate test is positive. Take 5 mL of 1% sample solution plus 2 mL of magnesium oxide mixture solution (TS-133), there should be no precipitation occurred. Further add 7 mL of nitric acid and boil for 10min, neutralize with sodium hydroxide solution (TS-224) and should exhibit phosphate reaction (IT-26).
The sodium salt test was positive (IT-28).
Solubility: it is soluble in water, slightly soluble in ethanol but almost insoluble in acetone and ether (OT-42).

Content analysis

Accurately weigh 500 mg of sample and dissolve with 0.01 mol/L hydrochloric acid, and add the volume up to 1000 ml. Take 10 mL of this solution, and then add 0.01mol/L hydrochloric acid to a final volume of 250 ml and mix. Use 0.01mol/L hydrochloric acid as a control, place it in 1 cm cuvette and measure the absorbance A under the wavelength of 260nm and then calculated as follows:
Amount (%) = A/289.8 × 250,000/Sample amount (mg) × 100/(100-Moisture (%)) × 100


ADI is not subject to special provision (FAO/WHO, 2001).
LD50:10 mg/kg (rat, oral). After chronic test feeding of 0.1% to 1% feed for 6 months, weight and tissue get no abnormal changes.
It can be safely used in food products (FDA, §172.530, 2000).
EEC-HACSG provides that it should not be used for infant food.

Usage limit

GB 2760-96: all kinds of food, take GMP limit.
FAO WHO: luncheon meat, ham, bacon, etc., 500 mg kg (in guanosine), broth and soup, GMP.
Standard for Maximum Allowable amount and maximal allowable residue of Food Additives
Name of additive    Food allowed to use it as additive    Function of additive    Maximal allowable amount(g/kg)    Maximal allowable amount(g/kg)
5'-guanylate disodium    Food    Food purpose flavor    The perfume ingredients used in formulating fragrances shall not exceed the maximal allowable amount documented in GB 2760   
5'-guanylate disodium    Food    Flavoring agent    Apply appropriate amount based on the demand of production except in cases where there is specific rule

Chemical properties

It appears as colorless to white crystalline or crystalline powder, usually containing 7 molecules of crystal water, being odorless, having unique flavor similar to mushrooms. Melting point is not obvious. It undergoes browning under 240 ℃ and decomposition under 250 ℃. It is stable against acid, alkali, salt and heat. It has strong moisture absorption property and is easily soluble in water (25 ℃, 25%). The pH value of its 5% aqueous solution is 7.0 to 8.5, being slightly soluble in ethanol, acetone and ether. Mouse: oral LD50: 10g/kg, ADI does not require special rule(FAO/WHO, 1994).


Guanylate sodium is allowed flavoring agent allowed at home and abroad, often used together with MSG and sodium inosinate. When mixed for usage, it has multiplication effect on the taste. It can be used for all types of food and should be subject to appropriate use according to production needs.
It is mainly used as condiments, being a new generation food by freshener.
It is a kind of flavor agent with mushrooms flavor. It is often used in conjunction with sodium glutamate (adding amount is 1%~5%), there is a very significant increase in freshener effect.


The production methods of guanylic acid mainly include enzymatic hydrolysis and fermentation method. In the fermentation method, there are two-step method and combination method with biosynthesis and chemical synthesis, two kinds which are of industrial significance.
(1) Ribonucleic acid (RNA) hydrolysis method. See the production method of 5'-inosinic acid disodium.
(2) Two-step method. Take glucose as the carbon source and ferment with the Bacillus subtilis mutant to obtain the guanosine. The production level was 10.5 g/L. Then guanosine, in pyridine solution, is acidified with phosphorus oxychloride phosphate to obtain guanylate.
(3) Biosynthesis and chemical synthesis.
At pH=7, apply Bacillus megaterium (No. 336) for fermentation of glucose (8%) for 90 h at pH = 7, producing 15 g/L 5-amino-4-carboxamide nucleoside (AICAr); then extract by ion exchange, followed by concentration and drying to be dissolved in methanol containing NaOH. Add carbon disulfide for co-heating so that it is converted into 2-thioglycoside; It is finally oxidized with hydrogen peroxide; add excess ammonia and heat to obtain guanosine which is further converted to guanylate through phosphorylation.

Chemical Properties

White crystalline powder

Chemical Properties

Disodium guanylate contains approximately seven molecules of water of crystallization. It has a characteristic taste. Disodium guanylate (GMP) is often used in combination with disodium inosinate (IMP) and monosodium glutamate (MSG). These substances are some of the taste principle components in both animal and vegetable foods, and they contribute to a?fundamental?taste?sensation?called?“savory.” The taste intensity differs with the concentration. Although taste quality of IMP or GMP in the presence of MSG is almost similar, GMP provides smoother “fullness” and “thickness” than IMP. The synergistic effect between nucleotides and MSG in cooking has long been empirically established. For example, in traditional Japanese cooking, soup stocks are made by simmering dried tangle (kombu), rich in glutamate (2.26 to 5.73 g/100 g), along with dried bonito (katsuobishi), rich in IMP (0.63 to 1.31 g/100 g) or with a type of dried mushroom, (shiitake) rich in GMP (0.21 g/100 g). Europeans make soup stocks by cooking animal meats rich in IMP or several kinds of mushrooms rich in GMP, along with vegetables containing glutamate (Burdock, 1997)


Reported found in mushroom (shiitake, enokidake, matsutake, syoro, hatsutake), pork, chicken and whale


Flavor potentiator in foods.


Guanosine 5'-monophosphate disodium salt is a flavor enhancer which is a crystalline powder, colorless or white, and has characteristic taste. It is soluble in water, sparingly soluble in alcohol, and practically insoluble in ether. It is obtained by chemical synthesis. It is also termed sodium 5-guanylate and disodium guanosine-5-monophosphate.


ChEBI: An organic sodium salt that is the disodium salt of GMP.


This flavor enhancer is derived from fungal sources.

Taste threshold values

0.0125 g/dL (in water)

Guanosine 5'-monophosphate disodium salt Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products

Guanosine 5'-monophosphate disodium salt Suppliers

Global( 274)Suppliers
Supplier Tel Fax Email Country ProdList Advantage
Henan DaKen Chemical CO.,LTD.
+86-371-55531817 CHINA 21838 58
Henan Tianfu Chemical Co.,Ltd.
0371-55170693 CHINA 22625 55
Shanghai Zheyan Biotech Co., Ltd.
18017610038 CHINA 3623 58
career henan chemical co
+86-371-86658258 CHINA 30043 58
Jinan Carbotang Biotech Co.,Ltd.
+86 15866703830 CHINA 1147 58
Chemwill Asia Co.,Ltd.
86-21-51861608;;; CHINA 23977 58
Hubei Jusheng Technology Co.,Ltd.
027-59599243 CHINA 28231 58
Casorganics US Corp
+17326109938 CHINA 175 58
Haihang Industry Co.,Ltd
+86 531 8582 1093 CHINA 10154 58
hdzhl biotechnology co., ltd
86-13032617415 CHINA 1277 58

View Lastest Price from Guanosine 5'-monophosphate disodium salt manufacturers

Image Release date Product Price Min. Order Purity Supply Ability Manufacturer
2020-04-21 Guanosine 5'-monophosphate disodium salt
US $1.00-1.00 / 公斤 1公斤 99.0% 800 tons Shaanxi Dideu Medichem Co. Ltd
2019-05-08 Guanosine 5'-monophosphate disodium salt
US $1.00 / KG 1KG 50% 70% 90% 200tons hdzhl biotechnology co., ltd
2018-08-14 Guanosine 5'-monophosphate disodium salt
US $1.00 / KG 1KG 98% 1ton career henan chemical co

Guanosine 5'-monophosphate disodium salt Spectrum

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