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Ophthalmic drugs Uses
Tropicamide structure
Chemical Name:
Molecular Formula:
Formula Weight:
MOL File:

Tropicamide Properties

Melting point:
98 °C
Boiling point:
492.8±45.0 °C(Predicted)
1.161±0.06 g/cm3(Predicted)
storage temp. 
45% (w/v) aq 2-hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin: 4.3 mg/mL
pKa 5.3 (Uncertain)
Water Solubility 
0.2g/L(25 ºC)
254nm(HCl aq.)(lit.)
CAS DataBase Reference
1508-75-4(CAS DataBase Reference)
EWG's Food Scores
NIST Chemistry Reference
  • Risk and Safety Statements
Signal word  Warning
Hazard statements  H334-H302-H312-H315-H317-H319-H332-H335-H302+H312+H332
Precautionary statements  P261-P280-P305+P351+P338-P301+P312+P330-P280a-P284-P405-P501a
Hazard Codes  Xn,Xi
Risk Statements  20/21/22-36/37/38-42/43-41-37/38-22
Safety Statements  22-26-36-36/37/39
WGK Germany  3
RTECS  CY1487860
HS Code  29333990

Tropicamide price More Price(9)

Manufacturer Product number Product description CAS number Packaging Price Updated Buy
Sigma-Aldrich T9778 Tropicamide solid 1508-75-4 1g $278 2020-08-18 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 1699005 Tropicamide United States Pharmacopeia (USP) Reference Standard 1508-75-4 200mg $297 2020-08-18 Buy
TCI Chemical T1470 Tropicamide >99.0%(HPLC)(T) 1508-75-4 10g $156 2020-06-24 Buy
Alfa Aesar J61132 Tropicamide, 99+% 1508-75-4 1g $44.2 2020-06-24 Buy
Cayman Chemical 16606 Tropicamide ≥98% 1508-75-4 1g $25 2020-06-24 Buy

Tropicamide Chemical Properties,Uses,Production

Ophthalmic drugs

Tropicamide is an anticholinergic agent. At room temperature, it is a white crystalline powder and is odorless. It is slightly soluble in water and easily soluble in ethanol, dilute hydrochloric acid, sulfuric acid and chloroform. It can block the excitement of iris sphincter and ciliary muscle induced by acetylcholine. Its 0.5% solution can cause mydriasis while its 1% solution can cause ciliary muscle paralysis and mydriasis. Clinically it is mainly used for the treatment of eye drops mydriasis and paralysis.
Tropicamide is the synthetic derivative of tropic acid. It has a relative low dissociation constant with good intraocular permeability and strong tissue diffusion capability which may be the underlying mechanism for its quick onset but short maintaining time. After the drop of the 0.5% or 1% solution of this product, the instillation dilation and paralysis adjustment can reach peak within 20-30 minutes. Then the effect gradually decreases with adjusting paralysis (residual) for 2 to 6 hours and mydriasis (residual) for about 7 hours. Tropicamide is similar drug as atropine which can cause a dramatic increase on the angle closure glaucoma intraocular pressure as well as possibly stimulate undiagnosed angle-closure glaucoma.
The potency of ciliary muscle paralysis adjustment of tropicamide eye drops is closely related with the doses used, its 0.25%, 0.5%, 0.75% and 1% four concentrations can all adjust paralysis. After instillation, the maximum degree of residual adjustment is 0.25%: diopter: 3.17; 1% diopter: 3.17. The residue adjustment degree can be maintained in cases of the refraction being 2.0 or less, 0.75% and 1% solutions can maintain for 40 minutes while 0.5% can only maintain about 15 minutes. After a drop of 1% solution, have the second drop after 5 to 25 minutes and by doing this, we can get more satisfactory ciliary muscle paralysis effect for about 20 to 30 minutes. After 2 to 6 hours, you can read books and newspapers with the adjustment function being able to recover to the level before drop within 6 hours.
The above information is edited by the Chemicalbook of Dai Xiongfeng.


It can be used as an anti-cholinergic drugs or mydriatic drug.
It is a kind of M4 muscarinic acetylcholine receptor antagonist.

Chemical Properties

Crystalline Solid




antidepressant, nutrient; LD50(rat) 1634 mg/kg ip


Indicated to induce mydriasis (dilation of the pupil) and cycloplegia (paralysis of the ciliary muscle of the eye) in diagnostic procedures, such as measurement of refractive errors and examination of the fundus of the eye.


Ophthalmic anticholinergic. Mydriatic

Manufacturing Process

A solution of 82 parts by weight of γ-chloromethyl-pyridine-hydrochloride in 60 parts of water is added dropwise, at 0° to 5°C, to 250 parts by weight of a 50% aqueous ethyl amine solution. The mixture is stirred for 1 hour at 60°C, whereupon it is cooled down and separated in the cold with solid potassium hydroxide. The oil formed is separated off, dried over potassium hydroxide and distilled. The ethyl-(γ-picolyl)-amine formed boils over at 103° to 104°C under a pressure of 13 mm Hg. Its dihydrochloride melts at 198° to 200°C. To a mixture of 48.7 parts by weight of ethyl-(γ-picolyl)-amine and 36 parts by weight of dry pyridine in 220 parts by weight of dry chloroform is slowly added, while stirring and cooling with ice water, crude acetyltropic acid chloride prepared from 60 parts by weight of tropic acid. To complete the reaction, the mixture is stirred for one additional hour at 23°C. Thereupon the chloroform solution is diluted with 200 parts by weight of ether and agitated with 3 N hydrochloric acid. The weakly Congo acid solution is heated for 1 hour in a steam bath, the acetyl group of the reaction product being thereby split off, and the mixture is filtered over charcoal.
Upon adding concentrated ammonia in excess, the condensation product separates and is taken up in chloroform. The chloroform solution is dried and distilled, the tropic acid N-ethyl-N-(γ-picolyl)-amide being thereby obtained in the form of a thick oil, which crystallizes after prolonged time and which then melts at 96° to 97°C.

brand name

Mydriacyl (Alcon); Tropicacyl (Akorn).

Therapeutic Function

Anticholinergic (ophthalmic)

General Description

Tropicamide, N-ethyl-2-phenyl-N-(4-pyridylmethyl)hydracrylamide (Mydriacyl), is aneffective anticholinergic for ophthalmic use when mydriasisis produced by relaxation of the sphincter muscle ofthe iris, allowing adrenergic innervation of the radial muscleto dilate the pupil. Its maximum effect is achieved inabout 20 to 25 minutes and lasts for about 20 minutes,with complete recovery in about 6 hours. Its action ismore rapid in onset and wears off more rapidly thanthat of most other mydriatics. To achieve mydriasis, either0.5% or 1.0% concentration may be used, althoughcycloplegia is achieved only with the stronger solution.Its uses are much the same as those described above formydriatics in general, but opinions differ on whether thedrug is as effective as homatropine, for example, inachieving cycloplegia. For mydriatic use, however, in examinationof the fundus and treatment of acute iritis,iridocyclitis, and keratitis, it is quite adequate; and becauseof its shorter duration of action, it is less prone toinitiate a rise in intraocular pressure than the more potent,longer-lasting drugs. As with other mydriatics, however,pupil dilation can lead to increased intraocular pressure.In common with other mydriatics, it is contraindicated inpatients with glaucoma, either known or suspected, andshould not be used in the presence of a shallow anteriorchamber. Thus far, no allergic reactions or ocular damagehas been observed with this drug. The ability to clone thevarious muscarinic receptor subtypes has allowed the observationthat tropicamide has modest selectivity for theM4 receptor.

Biological Activity

M 4 selective muscarinic receptor antagonist.

Veterinary Drugs and Treatments

Tropicamide, like atropine, causes mydriasis and cycloplegia, but has more mydriatic than cycloplegic activity. Tropicamide has a more rapid onset (maximum mydriasis in 15 – 30 minutes) of action and a shorter duration of action (pupil returns to normal in 6 – 12 hours in most animals) than does atropine, thereby making it more useful for funduscopic examinations. In dogs, intraocular pressure is apparently not affected by tropicamide. Tropicamide is also indicated following cataract removal to prevent synechiae formation that is associated with post-cataract atropine administration. As the half-life of tropicamide is shorter than that of atropine, this allows iris contraction preventing synechial adhesions.

Tropicamide Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products

Tropicamide Suppliers

Global( 229)Suppliers
Supplier Tel Fax Email Country ProdList Advantage
Henan DaKen Chemical CO.,LTD.
+86-371-55531817 CHINA 21842 58
Taizhou Tianhong Biochemistry Technology Co., Ltd.
0523-86201489 CHINA 306 60
Henan Tianfu Chemical Co.,Ltd.
0371-55170693 CHINA 22624 55
Nanjing Finetech Chemical Co., Ltd.
025-85710122 17714198479
025-85710122 CHINA 890 55
Anhui Royal Chemical Co., Ltd.
+86-025-86655873 CHINA 537 55
career henan chemical co
+86-371-86658258 CHINA 30039 58
Hebei Guanlang Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
whatsapp: +8619930501651 CHINA 2586 58
Shandong chuangyingchemical Co., Ltd.
18853181302 CHINA 5917 58
Chongqing Chemdad Co., Ltd
+86-13650506873 CHINA 35434 58
Target Molecule Corp
18019718960 781-999-5354 United States 19233 58

View Lastest Price from Tropicamide manufacturers

Image Release date Product Price Min. Order Purity Supply Ability Manufacturer
2018-08-01 Tropicamide
US $100.00 / KG 1KG 99% Customized career henan chemical co

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