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프로폭서

프로폭서
프로폭서 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
114-26-1
한글명:
프로폭서
동의어(한글):
프로포서;프로폭서
상품명:
Propoxur
동의어(영문):
PHC;phc7;IMPC;IPMC;UNDEN;Bifex;Bolfo;oms33;Tugen;BAYGON
CBNumber:
CB1348734
분자식:
C11H15NO3
포뮬러 무게:
209.24
MOL 파일:
114-26-1.mol

프로폭서 속성

녹는점
91°C
끓는 점
348.6°C (rough estimate)
밀도
1.1200
증기압
1.3 x 10-3 Pa (20 °C)
굴절률
1.5080 (estimate)
인화점
-18 °C
저장 조건
2-8°C
물리적 상태
Minute Crystals
수용성
Slightly soluble. 0.2 g/100 mL
Merck
13,7929
BRN
1879891
노출 한도
OSHA TWA: 0.5 mg/m3; ACGIH TLV: TWA 0.5 mg/m3.
CAS 데이터베이스
114-26-1
NIST
2-Isopropoxyphenyl N-methylcarbamate(114-26-1)
EPA
Phenol, 2-(1-methylethoxy)-, methylcarbamate(114-26-1)
안전
  • 위험 및 안전 성명
  • 위험 및 사전주의 사항 (GHS)
위험품 표기 T;N,N,T,Xn,F
위험 카페고리 넘버 25-50/53-67-65-38-11
안전지침서 37-45-60-61-62
유엔번호(UN No.) UN 2811/2588
WGK 독일 3
RTECS 번호 FC3150000
위험 등급 6.1(b)
포장분류 III
유해 물질 데이터 114-26-1(Hazardous Substances Data)
독성 LD50 orally in male, female rats: 83, 86 mg/kg (Gaines)
그림문자(GHS):
신호 어: Danger
유해·위험 문구:
암호 유해·위험 문구 위험 등급 범주 신호 어 그림 문자 P- 코드
H311 피부와 접촉하면 유독함 급성 독성 물질 - 경피 구분 3 위험 P280, P302+P352, P312, P322, P361,P363, P405, P501
H410 장기적 영향에 의해 수생생물에 매우 유독함 수생 환경유해성 물질 - 만성 구분 1 경고 P273, P391, P501
예방조치문구:
P260 분진·흄·가스·미스트·증기·...·스프레이를 흡입하지 마시오.
P280 보호장갑/보호의/보안경/안면보호구를 착용하시오.
P403+P233 용기는 환기가 잘 되는 곳에 단단히 밀폐하여 저장하시오.

프로폭서 C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산

화학적 성질

White, crystalline powder; odorless. Soluble in most alcohols; very slightly solublein water; unstable in highly alkaline media; stableunder normal conditions.

화학적 성질

Propoxur is a white to tan crystalline solid or powder. Faint characteristic odor

용도

Propoxur is a non-systematic carbamate insecticide. Propoxur is used against a wide range of insects such as fleas, mosquitoes, ants, gypsy moths, and other agricultural pests. Propoxur functions by r eversibly inactivating the enzyme acetylcholinesterase in insects.

용도

Insecticide used for control of chewing and sucking insects in fruits, vegetables, ornamentals and forestry.

용도

Propoxur is an insecticide with contact and stomach action. It is mainly used in food storage areas. It also controls chewing and sucking pests on a wide range of crops.

정의

ChEBI: A carbamate ester that is phenyl methylcarbamate substituted at position 2 by a propan-2-yloxy group.

일반 설명

White to tan crystalline powder with a faint, characteristic odor. Used as an insecticide.

반응 프로필

Propoxur is incompatible with the following: Strong oxidizers, alkalis [Note: Emits highly toxic methyl isocyanate fumes when heated to decomposition.] .

위험도

Toxic by ingestion and inhalation. Cholinesterase inhibitor. Possible carcinogen.

건강위험

A highly toxic substance by ingestion, andpossibly by most other routes of exposure;moderately toxic by inhalation and skin contact; cholinesterase inhibitor; toxic effects aresimilar to those of other carbamate pesticidesand include excessive salivation, lacrimation, slow heart rate, blurred vision, twitchingof muscle and lack of coordination, nausea,weakness, diarrhea and abdominal pain; oralintake of probably 1.5–3 g could be fatal toadult humans; a teratogenic substance, producing adverse reproductive effects in experimental animals.
LD50 oral (rat): 70 mg/kg
LD50 skin (rat): 800 mg/kg
LC50 inhalation (rat): 1440 mg/m3/1 hr.

농업용

Insecticide, Molluscicide: Not approved for use in EU countries. A non-systemic insecticide compatible with most fungicides and insecticides except those that are alkaline. It is often used in combination with azinphosmethyl, chlorpyrifos, cyfluthrin, dichlorvos, disulfoton or methocarb. It is used on sugar cane, cocoa, pome and stone fruit, grapes, maize, hops, rice, sugar beets, vegetables, cotton, and forestry and ornamentals to control pests such as chewing and sucking insects, ants, crickets, flies, mosquitoes, millepedes, jassids and cockroaches.

상품명

(There are currently 695 registered active and/or canceled and/or transferred products in the U.S.) ARPROCARB®; BAY®; BAY® 5122; BAYER®; BAYER® B 5122; BAYGON®; BIFEX®; BLATTANEX®; BLATTOSEP®; BOLFO®; BO Q 5812-315®; BORUHO®; BORUHO® 50; BRIFUR®; BRYGOU®; CHEMAGRO® 9010; COMPOUND 39007; DALF DUST®; INVISI-GARD®; PILLARGON®; PRENTOX CARBAMATE®; PROPOGON®; PROPOTOX®; PROPOXYLOR®; PROPYON®; RHODEN®; SENDRAN®; SUNCIDE®; TENDEX®; TUGEN®; UNDEN®; UNDENE®

잠재적 노출

Personnel engaged in the manufacture, formulation and application of this organonitrogen agricul- tural chemical and pesticide.

환경귀착

Groundwater. According to the U.S. EPA (1986) propoxur has a high potential to leach to groundwater.
Photolytic. Though no products were identified, the half-life in UV irradiated water (λ >290 nm) was 87.9 hours (Jensen-Korte et al., 1987). When propoxur in ethanol was irradiated by UV light, only one unidentified cholinesterase inhibitor formed. Exposure to sunlight for 3 hours yielded no photodecomposition products (Crosby et al., 1965).
Chemical/Physical. Decomposes at elevated temperatures forming methyl isocyanate (Windholz et al., 1983) and nitrogen oxides (Lewis, 1990). Hydrolyzes in water to 1- naphthol and 2-isopropoxyphenol (Miles et al., 1988). At pH 6.9, half-lives of 78 and 124 days were reported under aerobic and anaerobic conditions, respectively (Kanazawa, 1987). Miles et al. (1988) studied the rate of hydrolysis of propoxur in phosphate-buffered water (0.01 M) at 26°C with and without a chlorinating agent (10 mg/L hypochlorite solution). The hydrolysis half-lives at pH 7 and 8 with and without chlorine were 3.5 and 10.3 days and 0.05 and 1.2 days, respectively (Miles et al., 1988). The reported hydrolysis half-lives of propoxur in water at pH 8, 9 and 10 were 16.0 days, 1.6 days and 4.2 hours, respectively (Aly and El-Dib, 1971). In a 0.50 N sodium hydroxide solution at 20°C, the hydrolysis half-life was reported to be 3.0 days (El-Dib and Aly, 1976).

신진 대사 경로

The principal pathways of propoxur metabolism in plants and animals are deisopropylation, hydrolysis of the carbamate ester to form a phenol and conjugation. Minor metabolites are formed by hydroxylation of the N-methyl group and the phenyl ring. Only insects form metabolites hydroxylated at the isopropoxy group.

운송 방법

UN2757 Carbamate pesticides, solid, toxic, Hazard Class: 6.1; Labels: 6.1-Poisonous materials. UN2811 Toxic solids, organic, n.o.s., Hazard Class: 6.1; Labels: 6.1-Poisonous materials, Technical Name Required.

비 호환성

Incompatible with oxidizers (chlorates, nitrates, peroxides, permanganates, perchlorates, chlorine, bromine, fluorine, etc.); contact may cause fires or explo- sions. Keep away from alkaline materials, strong bases, strong acids, oxoacids, epoxides, alkalis, heat, and mois- ture. Emits highly toxic methyl isocyanate fumes when heated to decomposition.

폐기물 처리

In accordance with 40CFR165, follow recommendations for the disposal of pes- ticides and pesticide containers. Must be disposed properly by following package label directions or by contacting your local or federal environmental control agency, or by contact- ing your regional EPA office. Consult with environmental regulatory agencies for guidance on acceptable disposal practices. Generators of waste containing this contaminant (≥100 kg/mo) must conform with EPA regulations govern- ing storage, transportation, treatment, and waste disposal.

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