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일염화유황

일염화유황
일염화유황 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
10025-67-9
한글명:
일염화유황
동의어(한글):
설퍼모노클로라이드;일염화유황;설퍼모노클로라이드
상품명:
Disulfur dichloride
동의어(영문):
S2Cl2;ClSSCl;U.N. 1828;Chlorschwefel;Chlorosulfane;siarkichlorek;Siarki chlorek;Sulfor choride;cloruredesoufre;SULFUR CHLORIDE
CBNumber:
CB2776712
분자식:
Cl2S2
포뮬러 무게:
135.04
MOL 파일:
10025-67-9.mol

일염화유황 속성

녹는점
−80 °C(lit.)
끓는 점
138 °C(lit.)
밀도
1.688 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
증기 밀도
4.7 (vs air)
증기압
6.8 mm Hg ( 20 °C)
굴절률
n20/D 1.658(lit.)
인화점
>130℃
저장 조건
Store below +30°C.
물리적 상태
yellow-red oily liquid
폭발한계
4.2-32.5%(V)
수용성
reacts
Merck
13,9060
CAS 데이터베이스
10025-67-9(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST
Disulfur dichloride(10025-67-9)
EPA
Sulfur chloride (S2Cl2)(10025-67-9)
안전
  • 위험 및 안전 성명
  • 위험 및 사전주의 사항 (GHS)
위험품 표기 T,C,N
위험 카페고리 넘버 14-20-25-29-35-50-67-40-37-22
안전지침서 26-36/37/39-45-61
유엔번호(UN No.) UN 3390 6.1/PG 1
WGK 독일 3
RTECS 번호 WS4300000
자연 발화 온도 451 °F
위험 등급 8
포장분류 I
HS 번호 28121091
유해 물질 데이터 10025-67-9(Hazardous Substances Data)
독성 LD50 orally in Rabbit: 132 mg/kg
그림문자(GHS):
신호 어: Danger
유해·위험 문구:
암호 유해·위험 문구 위험 등급 범주 신호 어 그림 문자 P- 코드
H314 피부에 심한 화상과 눈에 손상을 일으킴 피부부식성 또는 자극성물질 구분 1A, B, C 위험 P260,P264, P280, P301+P330+ P331,P303+P361+P353, P363, P304+P340,P310, P321, P305+ P351+P338, P405,P501
H400 수생생물에 매우 유독함 수생 환경유해성 물질 - 급성 구분 1 경고 P273, P391, P501
예방조치문구:
P280 보호장갑/보호의/보안경/안면보호구를 착용하시오.
P303+P361+P353 피부(또는 머리카락)에 묻으면 오염된 모든 의복은 벗거나 제거하시오 피부를 물로 씻으시오/샤워하시오.
P305+P351+P338 눈에 묻으면 몇 분간 물로 조심해서 씻으시오. 가능하면 콘택트렌즈를 제거하시오. 계속 씻으시오.
P403+P233 용기는 환기가 잘 되는 곳에 단단히 밀폐하여 저장하시오.

일염화유황 MSDS


Sulfur chloride

일염화유황 C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산

화학적 성질

Amber to yellowish-red, oily, fuming liquid; penetrating odor. Soluble in alcohol, ether, benzene, carbon disulfide, and amyl acetate; decomposes on contact withwater. Combustible.

화학적 성질

Sulfur chloride is a fuming, oily liquid with a yellowish-red to amber color and a suffocating odor. It has an added hazard since it oxidizes and hydrolyzes to sulfur dioxide and hydrogen chloride.

용도

Intermediate and chlorinating agent in the manufacture of organic chemicals, sulfur dyes, insecticides, synthetic rubbers; in cold vulcanization of rubber; as polymerization catalyst for vegetable oils; for hardening soft woods.

용도

Sulfur chloride (S2Cl2) is combustible and will react when in contact with water. It is used to produce carbon tetrachloride, to purify sugar juices, to extract gold from its ore, in insecticides, and as a poisonous gas for military/combat purposes.

정의

A red fuming liquid with a strong smell. It is prepared by passing chlorine over molten sulfur and is used to harden rubber.

위험도

Reacts violently withwater in closed vessel. Toxic by inhalation and ingestion, strong irritant to tissue, eyes, skin, and upper respiratory tract.

Safety Profile

Poison by ingestion and inhalation. A fuming, corrosive liquid very irritating to shin, eyes, and mucous membranes. It decomposes on contact with water to form the highly irritating hydrogen chloride, thiosulfuric acid, and sulfur. Its toxic effects are irritating to the upper respiratory tract, although the results of intoxication are usually transitory in nature. However, if hydrolysis is not complete in the upper respiratory tract, injury to the broncholes and alveoli can result. A fire hazard when in contact with organic matter, P203, Na2O2, water, Cr(OCl)2. Combustible when exposed to heat or flame. Will react with water or steam to produce heat and toxic and corrosive fumes. Can react with oxidizing materials. To fight fire, use CO2, dry chemical. When heated to decomposition it emits highly toxic fumes of Cland SOX.

잠재적 노출

Sulfur chloride finds use as a chlorinating agent, catalyst, and as an intermediate in the manufacture of organic chemicals; carbon tetrachloride; sulfur dyes; insecticides, synthetic rubber; and pharmaceuticals. Exposure may also occur during the extraction of gold, purification of sugar juice; finishing and dyeing textiles; processing vegetable oils; hardening wood; and vulcanization of rubber. Has been used as a military poison.

운송 방법

UN1828 Sulfur chlorides, Hazard class: 8; Labels: 8-Corrosive material, Potential Inhalation Hazard (Special Provision 5)

Purification Methods

It isa pungent, irritating golden yellow liquid. When impure its colour is orange to red due to SCl2 formed. It fumes in moist air and liberates HCl, SO2 and H2S in the presence of H2O. Distil it and collect the fraction boiling above 137o at atmospheric pressure. Fractionate this fraction over sulfur at ca 12mm using a ground glass apparatus (b 29-30o). Alternatively purify it by distillation below 60o from a mixture containing sulfur (2%) and activated charcoal (1%), under reduced pressure (e.g. 50mm). It is soluble in EtOH, *C6H6, Et2O, CS2 and CCl4. Store it in a closed container in the dark in a refrigerator. [Fehér in Handbook of Preparative Inorganic Chemistry (Ed. Brauer) Academic Press Vol I p 371 1963.] HARMFUL VAPOURS.

비 호환성

Decomposes violently in water, forming hydrochloric acid, sulfur dioxide; sulfur, sulfite, thiosulfate, and hydrogen sulfide. Reacts with oxidizers, strong bases; peroxides, phosphorus oxides; organics, antimony, antimony sulfide; arsenic sulfide; mercury oxide; tin, alkenes, terpenes, unsaturated glycerides; chromyl chloride; methyl sulfoxide; dimethylformamide, acetone, and other compounds; causing fire and explosion hazard. Corrosive to many metals in presence of water. Attacks some plastics, rubber and coatings.

폐기물 처리

Wearing protective equipment, spray carefully onto sodium ash/slaked lime mixture. Then spray with water, dilute, neutralize and flush to drain.

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