Natural Products

Organic compounds isolated and extracted from the body of naturally existing organisms are collectively known as natural products. They are formed through photosynthesis and biochemical reaction inside the bodies of animals and plants. For example, starch comes from the seeds, stems and roots block of plants; meat, dairy products, eggs and cereals, beans are the basic source of protein; many drugs such as ephedrine, menthol and gall bladder are extracted from the corresponding organisms; indigo blue dye, red dye alizarin are respectively extracted from natural indigo leafs and madder; natural spices musk, jasmine, and rose also originate from the corresponding animal and plant body.

In most cases, natural products are not necessary for plants, insects or microorganisms that produce them while being significantly different from other kinds organic compounds (e.g., sugars, amino acids, nucleic acids, and the multimers they formed). For example, morphine is also presented in several few species such as poppy plant poppy, and bristle poppy, corn poppy and Stephania plant, Stephania cepharantha Hayata.

Although morphine has been used by humans as analgesic, people do not know its functions in these plants. Another example is that penicillin is produced by a few fungal species while not by other organisms. It is used as antimicrobial agents by humans for the treatment of a variety of infectious diseases, but they are of no use in microorganisms produce them.

Marine natural products refer to organic substances extracted from marine organisms. It includes various types of compounds including aliphatic compounds, aromatic, terpenes, sterols and nitrogen-containing compound, sulfur-containing compound and so on. The ocean is treasure house containing large amounts of natural products of biological and pharmacological activity. There are about 80% of animals or plants living in the earth and around 1500 kinds of bacteria species living in the ocean. For example, the common marine plant, algae has a long history of application as food and medicines in China; for example, in one of the earliest medical literature in the world, "Shen Nong's Herbal Classic", there are records of "seaweed can treat gall," "oyster can strengthen the bone and joints, kill evil". Seaweed is rich in various kinds of organic compounds of unique structures, especially these metabolites have various kinds of physiological activities such as terpene compound being rich in halogen as well as aliphatic compounds, sulfur-containing, nitrogen-containing and sterols compounds of antimicrobial activity as well as physiological activity of anti-cardiovascular disease. Polysaccharide polymers (such as alcohol ester, alginate and carrageenan) that have important application values in industry and medicine are also made from seaweed. Toxic component having a strong physiological activity obtained from thousands of venomous creatures (such as tetrodotoxin, etc.) in the ocean are treasure to the human given by nature. It was found that in the extracts of marine animals, about 10% have anti-P388 lymphocytic leukemia and KB cell activity; about 3.5% of marine plant extracts have anti-tumor effect or anti-cytotoxicity effects. Americans, from over 400 species of marine natural products, have found that there are 100 kinds of them having various biological, pharmacological activities.

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Structure Chemical Name CAS MF
Taxifolin Taxifolin 480-18-2 C15H12O7
Cianidanol Cianidanol 154-23-4 C15H14O6
Betulin Betulin 473-98-3 C30H50O2
Apigenin Apigenin 520-36-5 C15H10O5
Paeoniflorin Paeoniflorin 23180-57-6 C23H28O11
Hydroxyecdysone Hydroxyecdysone 5289-74-7 C27H44O7
Emodin Emodin 518-82-1 C15H10O5
Shikimic acid Shikimic acid 138-59-0 C7H10O5
Verbascoside Verbascoside 61276-17-3 C29H36O15
Hypericin Hypericin 548-04-9 C30H16O8
Salidroside Salidroside 10338-51-9 C14H20O7
Tangeretin Tangeretin 481-53-8 C20H20O7
Lupeol Lupeol 545-47-1 C30H50O
Chelerythrine chloride Chelerythrine chloride 34316-15-9 C21H18NO4+
Ginsenoside Rh2 Ginsenoside Rh2 78214-33-2 C36H62O8
(R)-1,2,6,7,8,9-Hexahydro-1,6,6-trimethyl-phenanthro(1,2-b)furan-10,11-dione (R)-1,2,6,7,8,9-Hexahydro-1,6,6-trimethyl-phenanthro(1,2-b)furan-10,11-dione 35825-57-1 C19H20O3
Oridonin Oridonin 28957-04-2 C20H28O6
HESPERETIN HESPERETIN 520-33-2 C16H14O6
6-Gingerol 6-Gingerol 23513-14-6 C17H26O4
Sinomenine Sinomenine 115-53-7 C19H23NO4
Bovine albumin Bovine albumin 9048-46-8 N/A
Kaempferol Kaempferol 520-18-3 C15H10O6
Naringenin Naringenin 480-41-1 C15H12O5
Polydatin Polydatin 27208-80-6 C20H22O8
Sesamin Sesamin 607-80-7 C20H18O6
Silibinin Silibinin 22888-70-6 C25H22O10
Capsaicin Capsaicin 404-86-4 C18H27NO3
Irinotecan hydrochloride trihydrate Irinotecan hydrochloride trihydrate 136572-09-3 C33H45ClN4O9
Naringin dihydrochalcone Naringin dihydrochalcone 18916-17-1 C27H34O14
Genistein Genistein 446-72-0 C15H10O5
Arctiin Arctiin 20362-31-6 C27H34O11
Solanesol Solanesol 13190-97-1 C45H74O
Asiaticoside Asiaticoside 16830-15-2 C48H78O19
Sclareolide Sclareolide 564-20-5 C16H26O2
Celastrol Celastrol 34157-83-0 C29H38O4
Daidzein Daidzein 486-66-8 C15H10O4
Glycitein Glycitein 40957-83-3 C16H12O5
Icariin Icariin 489-32-7 C33H40O15
Nomilin Nomilin 1063-77-0 C28H34O9
Sophoricoside Sophoricoside 152-95-4 C21H20O10
Ursolic acid Ursolic acid 77-52-1 C30H48O3
Ecdysone Ecdysone 3604-87-3 C27H44O6
Tanshinone I Tanshinone I 568-73-0 C19H18O3
Polydatin Polydatin 65914-17-2 C20H23O9
Galanthamine Galanthamine 357-70-0 C17H21NO3
Daidzin Daidzin 552-66-9 C21H20O9
Fisetin Fisetin 528-48-3 C15H10O6
Limonin Limonin 1180-71-8 C26H30O8
Isoliquiritigenin Isoliquiritigenin 961-29-5 C15H12O4
Glycitin Glycitin 40246-10-4 C22H22O10
Magnolol Magnolol 528-43-8 C18H18O2
Saponin Saponin 8047-15-2 C27H42O3
Corosolic acid Corosolic acid 4547-24-4 C30H48O4
Genistin Genistin 529-59-9 C21H20O10
ROSAVIN ROSAVIN 84954-92-7 C20H28O10
Triptonide Triptonide 38647-11-9 C20H22O6
LEMON OIL LEMON OIL 68917-33-9
Astragaloside A Astragaloside A 83207-58-3 C41H68O14
Grape seed oil Grape seed oil 85594-37-2
Quillaic acid Quillaic acid 631-01-6 C30H46O5
BORAGE OIL BORAGE OIL 84012-16-8 NULL
ANGELIC ACID ANGELIC ACID 565-63-9 C5H8O2
Diosgenin glucoside Diosgenin glucoside 14144-06-0 C33H52O8
Hawthorn Fruit P.E. Hawthorn Fruit P.E.
Cassia seed extract Cassia seed extract
PROCYANIDIN B2 PROCYANIDIN B2 29106-49-8 C30H26O12
Red Clover P.E. Red Clover P.E.
7-Ethyl camptothecin 7-Ethyl camptothecin
Leaf extract tomorrow Leaf extract tomorrow
Phlorizin dihydrate Phlorizin dihydrate 7061-54-3 C21H24O10
VALERENIC ACID VALERENIC ACID 3569-10-6 C15H22O2
POLYPHYLLIN D POLYPHYLLIN D 50773-41-6 C44H70O16
PROCYANIDIN B1 PROCYANIDIN B1 20315-25-7 C30H26O12
Ginkgo Biloba P.E Ginkgo Biloba P.E
Esculentoside A Esculentoside A 65497-07-6 C42H66O16
BEE POLLEN BEE POLLEN
Tussilago farfara, ext.    Tussilago farfara, ext. 84625-50-3
OPHIOPOGONIN D OPHIOPOGONIN D 945619-74-9 C44H70O16
BERBERINE SULFATE TRIHYDRATE BERBERINE SULFATE TRIHYDRATE 316-41-6 2C20H18NO4.O4S
Horsetail Extract Horsetail Extract
Milk thistle P.E Milk thistle P.E
Huperzine B Huperzine B 103548-82-9 C16H20N2O
Angoroside C Angoroside C 115909-22-3 C36H48O19
JOJOBA OIL JOJOBA OIL 61789-91-1
WHITE WILLOW BARK P.E. WHITE WILLOW BARK P.E.
Synephrine tartrate Synephrine tartrate 16589-24-5 2C9H13NO2.C4H6O6
Stevioside Stevioside 471-80-7 C20H30O3
ORIENTIN ORIENTIN 28608-75-5 C21H20O11
Nettle Root P.E Nettle Root P.E
Royal Jelly Royal Jelly 8031-67-2
SPIRULINA POWDER SPIRULINA POWDER 724424-92-4
CHRYSANTHEMUM FLOWER EXTRACT CHRYSANTHEMUM FLOWER EXTRACT
Schisandra Berries P.E. Schisandra Berries P.E.
(-)-Gallocatechin gallate (-)-Gallocatechin gallate 4233-96-9 C22H18O11
N,N-Dimethyl-L-proline N,N-Dimethyl-L-proline 471-87-4 C7H14NO2
Alfalfa P.E. Alfalfa P.E.
Grape seed oil Grape seed oil 8024-22-4 C18H32O2
Ingenol-3-angelate Ingenol-3-angelate 75567-37-2 C25H34O6
SENNOSIDE SENNOSIDE C42H38O20
OBACUNON OBACUNON 751-03-1 C26H30O7
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