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Kupfer(I)-chlorid

Copper(I) chloride Struktur
7758-89-6
CAS-Nr.
7758-89-6
Bezeichnung:
Kupfer(I)-chlorid
Englisch Name:
Copper(I) chloride
Synonyma:
CuCl;COPPER CHLORIDE;CUPROUS CHLORIDE;COPPER(L) CHLORIDE;cooper chloride;Copper(Ⅰ)chloride;CUPROUS CHLORIDE, REAGENT (ACS)CUPROUS CHLORIDE, REAGENT (ACS)CUPROUS CHLORIDE, REAGENT (ACS)CUPROUS CHLORIDE, REAGENT (ACS);Cu-lyt;Cuproid;Nantokite
CBNumber:
CB7341838
Summenformel:
ClCu
Molgewicht:
99
MOL-Datei:
7758-89-6.mol

Kupfer(I)-chlorid Eigenschaften

Schmelzpunkt:
430 °C (lit.)
Siedepunkt:
1490 °C (lit.)
Dichte
1.15 g/mL at 20 °C
Dampfdruck
1.3 mm Hg ( 546 °C)
Brechungsindex
1.93
Flammpunkt:
1490°C
storage temp. 
Store at +5°C to +30°C.
Löslichkeit
0.06 g/L (25°C)
Aggregatzustand
beads
Farbe
Slightly greenish-gray
Wichte
4.14
PH
5 (50g/l, H2O, 20℃)(slurry)
Wasserlöslichkeit
0.06 g/L (25 ºC)
Sensitive 
Air & Moisture Sensitive
Crystal Structure
Hexagonal, Wurtzite (Zincite) Structure - Space Group P 63mc
Merck 
14,2660
Solubility Product Constant (Ksp)
pKsp: 6.76
Stabilität:
Stable. Incompatible with oxidizing agents, potassium, water. Air, light and moisture sensitive.
CAS Datenbank
7758-89-6(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST chemische Informationen
Cuprous monochloride(7758-89-6)
EPA chemische Informationen
Cuprous chloride (7758-89-6)
Sicherheit
  • Risiko- und Sicherheitserklärung
  • Gefahreninformationscode (GHS)
Kennzeichnung gefährlicher Xn,N
R-Sätze: 22-50/53-51/53-36/37/38-41-37/38-38
S-Sätze: 26-61-60-22-39
RIDADR  UN 3082 9/PG 3
WGK Germany  2
RTECS-Nr. GL6990000
1-8-10
TSCA  Yes
HS Code  2827 39 85
HazardClass  8
PackingGroup  III
Toxizität LD50 orally in Rabbit: 336 mg/kg
Bildanzeige (GHS)
Alarmwort Achtung
Gefahrenhinweise
Code Gefahrenhinweise Gefahrenklasse Abteilung Alarmwort Symbol P-Code
H302 Gesundheitsschädlich bei Verschlucken. Akute Toxizität oral Kategorie 4 Warnung P264, P270, P301+P312, P330, P501
H315 Verursacht Hautreizungen. Hautreizung Kategorie 2 Warnung P264, P280, P302+P352, P321,P332+P313, P362
H318 Verursacht schwere Augenschäden. Schwere Augenschädigung Kategorie 1 Achtung P280, P305+P351+P338, P310
H400 Sehr giftig für Wasserorganismen. Kurzfristig (akut) gewässergefährdend Kategorie 1 Warnung P273, P391, P501
H410 Sehr giftig für Wasserorganismen mit langfristiger Wirkung. Langfristig (chronisch) gewässergefährdend Kategorie 1 Warnung P273, P391, P501
Sicherheit
P264 Nach Gebrauch gründlich waschen.
P264 Nach Gebrauch gründlich waschen.
P270 Bei Gebrauch nicht essen, trinken oder rauchen.
P273 Freisetzung in die Umwelt vermeiden.
P280 Schutzhandschuhe/Schutzkleidung/Augenschutz tragen.
P330 Mund ausspülen.
P305+P351+P338 BEI KONTAKT MIT DEN AUGEN: Einige Minuten lang behutsam mit Wasser spülen. Eventuell vorhandene Kontaktlinsen nach Möglichkeit entfernen. Weiter spülen.
P501 Inhalt/Behälter ... (Entsorgungsvorschriften vom Hersteller anzugeben) zuführen.

Kupfer(I)-chlorid Chemische Eigenschaften,Einsatz,Produktion Methoden

R-Sätze Betriebsanweisung:

R22:Gesundheitsschädlich beim Verschlucken.
R50/53:Sehr giftig für Wasserorganismen, kann in Gewässern längerfristig schädliche Wirkungen haben.
R51/53:Giftig für Wasserorganismen, kann in Gewässern längerfristig schädliche Wirkungen haben.
R36/37/38:Reizt die Augen, die Atmungsorgane und die Haut.

S-Sätze Betriebsanweisung:

S26:Bei Berührung mit den Augen sofort gründlich mit Wasser abspülen und Arzt konsultieren.
S61:Freisetzung in die Umwelt vermeiden. Besondere Anweisungen einholen/Sicherheitsdatenblatt zu Rate ziehen.
S60:Dieses Produkt und sein Behälter sind als gefährlicher Abfall zu entsorgen.
S22:Staub nicht einatmen.

Chemische Eigenschaften

white or pale grey powder

Physikalische Eigenschaften

White cubic crystal which turns blue when heated at 178°C; density 4.14 g/cm3; the mineral nantokite (CuCl) has density 4.14 g/cm3, hardness 2.5 (Mohs), refractive index 1.930; melts at 430°C becoming a deep, green liquid; vaporizes around 1,400°C; vapor pressure 5 torr at 645°C and 400 torr at 1,250°C; low solubility in water (decomposes partially); Ksp 1.72x10-7; insoluble in ethanol and acetone; soluble in concentrated HCl and ammonium hydroxide.

Verwenden

Copper(I) chloride (CuCl) or cuprous chloride is a white powder used as an absorbing agent for carbon dioxide gas in enclosed breathing areas such as space vehicles.

Definition

ChEBI: An inorganic chloride of copper in which the metal is in the +1 oxidation state.

synthetische

Copper(I) chloride is prepared by reduction of copper(II) chloride in solution: 2CuCl2 + H2 2CuCl + 2HCl Alternatively, it can be prepared by boiling an acidic solution of copper(II) chloride with copper metal, which on dilution yields white CuCl: Cu + CuCl2 2CuCl Copper(I) chloride dissolved in concentrated HCl absorbs carbon monoxide under pressure forming an adduct, CuCl(CO). The complex decomposes on heating releasing CO. Copper(I) chloride is slightly soluble in water. However, in the presence of Cl- ion, it forms soluble complexes of discrete halogeno anions such as, CuCl2-, CuCl3 2-, and CuCl4 3-. Formation of complexes and organocopper derivatives as outlined below are not confined only to copper(I) chloride, but typify Cu+ in general. Reaction with ethylenediamine (en) in aqueous potassium chloride solution forms Cu(II)-ethylenediamine complex, while Cu+ ion is reduced to its metallic state: 2CuCl + 2en → [Cuen2]2+ + 2Cl- + Cu° It dissolves in acetonitrile, CH3CN forming tetrahedral complex ion [Cu(CH3CN)4]+ which can be precipitated with large anions such as ClO4 - or PF6- . Reactions with alkoxides of alkali metals produce yellow copper(I) alkoxides. For example, reaction with sodium ethoxide yield copper(I) ethoxide, a yellow compound that can be sublimed from the product mixture: CuCl + NaOC2H5 → CuOC2H5 + NaCl Copper(I) chloride forms complexes with ethylene and other alkenes in solutions that may have compositions such as [Cu(C2H4)(H2O)2]+ or [Cu(C2H4)(bipy)]+. (bipy = bipyridyl) Reactions with lithium or Grignard reagent yield alkyl or aryl copper(I) derivatives, respectively. Such organocopper compounds containing Cu-Cu bonds are formed only by Cu+ and not Cu2+ ions.

Allgemeine Beschreibung

The structure of copper(I) chloride is similar to zinc-blende crystal at room temperature; the structure is wurtzite at 407 °C and at higher temperatures it forms copper(I) chloride vapor as per mass spectroscopy.

Hazard

Copper(I) chloride is moderately toxic by ingestion and possibly other routes of entry into the body. The oral LD50 in mouse is reported to be 347 mg/kg; and subcutaneous LD50 in guinea pigs is 100 mg/kg.

Versand/Shipping

UN2802 Copper chloride, Hazard class: 8; Labels: 8-Corrosive material.

läuterung methode

Wash the solid with ethanol and diethyl ether, then dry it and store it in a vacuum desiccator [.sterl.f Acta Chem Scand 4 375 1950]. Alternatively, to an aqueous solution of CuCl2.2H2O is added, with stirring, an aqueous solution of anhydrous sodium sulfite. The colourless product is dried at 80o for 30minutes and stored under N2. Cu2Cl2 can be purified by zone-refining [Hall et al. J Chem Soc, Faraday Trans 1 79 343 1983]. [Glemser & Sauer in Handbook of Preparative Inorganic Chemistry (Ed. Brauer) Academic Press Vol II p 1005 1965.]

Inkompatibilitäten

Contact with strong acids forms monovalent copper salts and toxic hydrogen chloride gas. Forms shock-sensitive and explosive compounds with potassium, sodium, sodium hypobromite, nitromethane, acetylene. Keep away from moisture and alkali metals. Attacks metals in the presence of moisture. Reacts with moist air to form cupric chloride dihydrate. May attack some metals, paints, and coatings. May be able to ignite combustible materials.

Kupfer(I)-chlorid Upstream-Materialien And Downstream Produkte

Upstream-Materialien

Downstream Produkte


Kupfer(I)-chlorid Anbieter Lieferant Produzent Hersteller Vertrieb Händler.

Global( 451)Lieferanten
Firmenname Telefon E-Mail Land Produktkatalog Edge Rate
Henan Tianfu Chemical Co.,Ltd.
+86-0371-55170693 +86-19937530512
info@tianfuchem.com China 22021 55
Hefei TNJ Chemical Industry Co.,Ltd.
0551-65418679
info@tnjchem.com China 2995 55
Shanghai Zheyan Biotech Co., Ltd.
18017610038
zheyansh@163.com CHINA 3623 58
career henan chemical co
+86-0371-86658258
sales@coreychem.com China 29960 58
Hubei Jusheng Technology Co.,Ltd.
86-18871470254
linda@hubeijusheng.com CHINA 28229 58
Hebei Guanlang Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
+86-19930503282 +86-19930503282
alice@crovellbio.com China 5920 58
Chongqing Chemdad Co.,Ltd
+86-19923101450
sales@chemdad.com CHINA 4000 58
Hubei xin bonus chemical co. LTD
86-13657291602
linda@hubeijusheng.com CHINA 23034 58
Shandong chuangyingchemical Co., Ltd.
18853181302
sale@chuangyingchem.com CHINA 5917 58
Chongqing Chemdad Co., Ltd
+8613650506873
sales@chemdad.com CHINA 37442 58

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