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염화설퍼릴

염화설퍼릴
염화설퍼릴 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
7791-25-5
한글명:
염화설퍼릴
동의어(한글):
설푸릴클로라이드;염화설퍼릴;황염화물;황염화물
상품명:
Sulfuryl chloride
동의어(영문):
SO2Cl2;sulphuryl;CLORSULFURON;Sulfonychloride;Sulfurylchlorid;SUFURYLCHLORIDE;sulfonylchloride;SURFURYLCHLORIDE;Sulfonyl chloride;SULFURYL CHLORIDE
CBNumber:
CB6854360
분자식:
Cl2O2S
포뮬러 무게:
134.97
MOL 파일:
7791-25-5.mol

염화설퍼릴 속성

녹는점
-54.1 °C
끓는 점
69.1 °C
밀도
1.667
증기 밀도
4.7 (vs air)
증기압
100 mm Hg ( 17.8 °C)
굴절률
n20/D 1.443(lit.)
인화점
69.1°C
용해도
Miscible with benzene, toluene, chloroform, ether, carbon tetrachloride and glacial acetic acid.
물리적 상태
Liquid
Specific Gravity
1.670 (20/20℃)
색상
Clear colorless to yellow
수용성
reacts
감도
Moisture Sensitive
Merck
14,8980
안정성
Reacts violently with water. Incompatible with acids, alcohols, bases, metals, amines, moisture.
CAS 데이터베이스
7791-25-5(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST
Sulfuryl chloride(7791-25-5)
EPA
Sulfuryl chloride(7791-25-5)
안전
  • 위험 및 안전 성명
  • 위험 및 사전주의 사항 (GHS)
위험품 표기 C
위험 카페고리 넘버 34-40-14-37-67
안전지침서 26-45-36/37-36/37/39
유엔번호(UN No.) UN 2927 6.1/PG 2
WGK 독일 2
RTECS 번호 WT4870000
F 고인화성물질 3-10-21
TSCA Yes
위험 등급 8
포장분류 I
HS 번호 28121099
유해 물질 데이터 7791-25-5(Hazardous Substances Data)
그림문자(GHS):
신호 어: Danger
유해·위험 문구:
암호 유해·위험 문구 위험 등급 범주 신호 어 그림 문자 P- 코드
H302 삼키면 유해함 급성 독성 물질 - 경구 구분 4 경고 P264, P270, P301+P312, P330, P501
H314 피부에 심한 화상과 눈에 손상을 일으킴 피부부식성 또는 자극성물질 구분 1A, B, C 위험 P260,P264, P280, P301+P330+ P331,P303+P361+P353, P363, P304+P340,P310, P321, P305+ P351+P338, P405,P501
H318 눈에 심한 손상을 일으킴 심한 눈 손상 또는 자극성 물질 구분 1 위험 P280, P305+P351+P338, P310
H333 흡입하면 유해할 수 있음 급성 독성 물질 흡입 구분 5 P304+P312
H335 호흡 자극성을 일으킬 수 있음 특정 표적장기 독성 - 1회 노출;호흡기계 자극 구분 3 경고
H336 졸음 또는 현기증을 일으킬 수 있음 특정표적장기 독성 물질(1회 노출);마취작용 구분 3 경고 P261, P271, P304+P340, P312,P403+P233, P405, P501
H351 암을 일으킬 것으로 의심됨 (노출되어도 암을 일으키지 않는다는 결정적인 증거가 있는 노출경로가 있다면 노출경로 기재) 발암성 물질 구분 2 경고 P201, P202, P281, P308+P313, P405,P501
H373 장기간 또는 반복 노출되면 장기(또는, 영향을 받은 알려진 모든 장기를 명시)에 손상을 일으킬 수 있음 특정 표적장기 독성 - 반복 노출 구분 2 경고 P260, P314, P501
예방조치문구:
P261 분진·흄·가스·미스트·증기·...·스프레이의 흡입을 피하시오.
P280 보호장갑/보호의/보안경/안면보호구를 착용하시오.
P310 즉시 의료기관(의사)의 진찰을 받으시오. 삼켰다면 즉시 의료기관(의사)의 도움을 받으시오.
P301+P330+P331 삼켰다면 입을 씻어내시오. 토하게 하려 하지 마시오.
P303+P361+P353 피부(또는 머리카락)에 묻으면 오염된 모든 의복은 벗거나 제거하시오 피부를 물로 씻으시오/샤워하시오.
P305+P351+P338 눈에 묻으면 몇 분간 물로 조심해서 씻으시오. 가능하면 콘택트렌즈를 제거하시오. 계속 씻으시오.
P405 밀봉하여 저장하시오.

염화설퍼릴 MSDS


Sulfuric oxychloride

염화설퍼릴 C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산

화학적 성질

colourless or pale yellow liquid

화학적 성질

A colorless to light yellow fuming liquid. Pungent acrid odor.

용도

Chlorinating and sulfonating or chlorosulfonating agent in organic syntheses, e.g., in the manufacture of chlorophenol and chlorothymol. Has been used in war gas formulations.

일반 설명

A colorless fuming liquid with a pungent odor. Very toxic by inhalation. Corrosive to metals and tissue.

반응 프로필

Sulfuryl chloride reacts exothermically with water. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, alcohols, amines. Reacts violently with bases. Attacks many metals. Can react explosively with lead dioxide [Mellor 10:676 1946-47]. May react vigorously or explosively if mixed with diisopropyl ether or other ethers in the presence of trace amounts of metal salts [J. Haz. Mat., 1981, 4, 291].

위험도

Strong irritant to tissue.

건강위험

Vapors cause severe irritation of eyes and respiratory system. Liquid burns eyes and skin. If ingested, can cause severe burns of mouth and stomach.

화재위험

Behavior in Fire: Toxic and irritating gases are generated.

Safety Profile

A corrosive irritant to skin, eyes, and mucous membranes. Questionable carcinogen with experimental tumorigenic data. Can explode with Pb02. Will react with water or steam to produce heat and toxic and corrosive fumes. Incompatible with alkalies, diethyl ether, dimethyl sulfoxide,dinitrogen pentaoxide, lead dioxide, phosphorus. When heated to decomposition it emits highly toxic fumes of Cland SOx. See also SULFURIC ACID and HYDROCHLORIC ACID, which are formed upon hydrolysis.

잠재적 노출

Sulfuryl chloride is used to make other chemicals, including chlorophenol and chlorothymol, disinfectants, pharmaceuticals, phosphate insecticides, heterocyclic herbicides, fungicides, dyestuffs, and some plastics; as a solvent and catalyst; as a chlorosulfonating agent in organic synthesis. Also used as a dehydrating agent, as cathode material and in lithium batteries; as a wool treatment to prevent shrinkage.

운송 방법

UN1834 Sulfuryl chloride, Hazard Class: 6.1; Labels: 6.1-Poison Inhalation Hazard; 8-Corrosive material; Inhalation Hazard Zone A. STN: 4930260; Sulfuryl chloride.

비 호환성

Water and air reactive. When spilled in water, hydrogen chloride, sulfur dioxide and sulfuric acid are produced. Forms corrosive mixture with air (NFPA Fire Rating: 0). Reacts exothermically with moisture in air, water or steam, releasing heat and yielding sulfuric acid and HCl vapors. Reacts violently with bases, amines, amides, inorganic hydroxides; alkalis, alkali metals, dimethyl sulfoxide, dinitrogen pentoxide, lead dioxide (explosive reaction); N-methylformamide, red phosphorus. Reacts, possibly violently, with oxidizers, organic substances, strong acids, alcohols, amines, ethers e.g., diethyl ether, diisopropyl ether, especially if trace amounts of metal salts are present); glycols, peroxides. Attacks metals in the presence of moisture, forming flammable hydrogen gas. Acid formed by reaction with water can be neutralized by limestone, lime, or soda ash.

폐기물 처리

Wear nitrile rubber gloves, laboratory coat, eye protection and, if necessary, a SCBA. Cover the spill with a 1:1:1 mixture by weight of sodium carbonate or calcium carbonate, clay cat litter (bentonite) and sand. When the sulfuryl chloride has been absorbed, scoop the mixture into a plastic pail of cold water. Allow to stand for 24 hours. Test the pH of the solution and neutralize if necessary with sodium carbonate. Decant the solution to the drain flushing with 50 times its volume of water. Treat the solid residue as normal refuse.

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