ChemicalBook
Chinese English Japanese Germany Korea

메틸 파라싸이온(메틸 파라티온)

메틸 파라싸이온(메틸 파라티온)
메틸 파라싸이온(메틸 파라티온) 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
298-00-0
한글명:
메틸 파라싸이온(메틸 파라티온)
동의어(한글):
메틸파라싸이온(메틸파라티온);메틸파라티온;메틸파라티온;메틸 파라티온;파라티온-메틸;포스포로티오익산O,O-디메틸O-(4-니트로페닐)에스테르
상품명:
Parathion-methyl
동의어(영문):
DALF;e601;a-gro;ME605;Dalif;NITRAN;MPT(R);8056HC;Azofos;Fulkil
CBNumber:
CB3348228
분자식:
C8H10NO5PS
포뮬러 무게:
263.21
MOL 파일:
298-00-0.mol

메틸 파라싸이온(메틸 파라티온) 속성

녹는점
36°C
끓는 점
143°C (1.0 mmHg)
밀도
1.36
증기압
4.1×10-4 Pa (20 °C)
굴절률
nD25 1.5367
인화점
46.1°C
저장 조건
APPROX 4°C
물리적 상태
solid
수용성
0.005 g/100 mL
BRN
8905814
안정성
Stable. Flammable.
CAS 데이터베이스
298-00-0(CAS DataBase Reference)
IARC
3 (Vol. 30, Sup 7) 1987
NIST
Phosphorothioic acid, o,o-dimethyl-o-p-nitrophenyl ester(298-00-0)
EPA
Methyl parathion (298-00-0)
안전
  • 위험 및 안전 성명
  • 위험 및 사전주의 사항 (GHS)
위험품 표기 T+;N,N,T+,Xn,F
위험 카페고리 넘버 5-24-26/28-48/22-50/53-10-67-66-51/53-36-20/22-11-65-38
안전지침서 28-36/37-45-60-61-26-62-16
유엔번호(UN No.) UN 2052/2783/2811
WGK 독일 3
RTECS 번호 TG0175000
위험 등급 6.1(a)
포장분류 II
HS 번호 29201100
유해 물질 데이터 298-00-0(Hazardous Substances Data)
독성 LD50 in male, female rats (mg/kg): 14, 24 orally; 67, 67 dermally (Gaines)
기존화학 물질 KE-11558
유해화학물질 필터링 97-1-324;06-4-38
함량 및 규제정보 물질구분: 유독물질; 혼합물(제품)함량정보: 파라티온-메틸 및 이를 1% 이상 함유한 혼합물
그림문자(GHS):
신호 어: Danger
유해·위험 문구:
암호 유해·위험 문구 위험 등급 범주 신호 어 그림 문자 P- 코드
H225 고인화성 액체 및 증기 인화성 액체 구분 2 위험 P210,P233, P240, P241, P242, P243,P280, P303+ P361+P353, P370+P378,P403+P235, P501
H226 인화성 액체 및 증기 인화성 액체 구분 3 경고
H304 삼켜서 기도로 유입되면 치명적일 수 있음 흡인 유해성물질 구분 1 위험
H311 피부와 접촉하면 유독함 급성 독성 물질 - 경피 구분 3 위험 P280, P302+P352, P312, P322, P361,P363, P405, P501
H315 피부에 자극을 일으킴 피부부식성 또는 자극성물질 구분 2 경고 P264, P280, P302+P352, P321,P332+P313, P362
H319 눈에 심한 자극을 일으킴 심한 눈 손상 또는 자극성 물질 구분 2A 경고 P264, P280, P305+P351+P338,P337+P313P
H336 졸음 또는 현기증을 일으킬 수 있음 특정표적장기 독성 물질(1회 노출);마취작용 구분 3 경고 P261, P271, P304+P340, P312,P403+P233, P405, P501
H373 장기간 또는 반복 노출되면 장기(또는, 영향을 받은 알려진 모든 장기를 명시)에 손상을 일으킬 수 있음 특정 표적장기 독성 - 반복 노출 구분 2 경고 P260, P314, P501
H410 장기적 영향에 의해 수생생물에 매우 유독함 수생 환경유해성 물질 - 만성 구분 1 경고 P273, P391, P501
H411 장기적 영향에 의해 수생생물에 유독함 수생 환경유해성 물질 - 만성 구분 2
예방조치문구:
P210 열·스파크·화염·고열로부터 멀리하시오 - 금연 하시오.
P261 분진·흄·가스·미스트·증기·...·스프레이의 흡입을 피하시오.
P273 환경으로 배출하지 마시오.
P280 보호장갑/보호의/보안경/안면보호구를 착용하시오.
P331 토하게 하지 마시오.
P391 누출물을 모으시오.
P301+P310 삼켰다면 즉시 의료기관(의사)의 진찰을 받으시오.
P337+P313 눈에 대한 자극이 지속되면 의학적인 조치· 조언를 구하시오.
P370+P378 화재 시 불을 끄기 위해 (Section 5. 폭발, 화재시 대처방법의 적절한 소화제)을(를) 사용하시오.
P501 ...에 내용물 / 용기를 폐기 하시오.

메틸 파라싸이온(메틸 파라티온) C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산

개요

A case of sensitization to parathion methyl was described in a female agricultural worker with multiple sensitization.

화학적 성질

Methyl parathion is a white to yellow-brown, crystalline solid with a garlic odor.It is slightly soluble in water and has a low vapor pressure (U.S. EPA, 2006b).

용도

Parathion-methyl is an derivative of Parathion (P192220), an organophosphate insecticide used on cotton, rice and fruit trees.

용도

Methyl parathion is a restricted use organophosphate sold under a number of trade names and formulations. First registered in 1954, it is used to control a variety of insect pests on food and feed crops. Methyl parathion is not used in residential settings due to its toxicity to humans, birds, and honey bees. The chemical is a restricted use pesticide with nearly 4 million pounds of active ingredient mainly used on cotton, corn, wheat, soybeans, and rice (U.S. EPA, 2006b).

용도

Methyl parathion is an insecticide and acaricide used to control boll weevils and many biting or sucking insect pests of agricultural crops. It kills insects by contact, stomach and respiratory action. Methyl parathion is available in dust, emulsifiable concentrate, ULV liquid, microencapsules and wettable powder formulations.
Methyl parathion is one of a class of insecticides referred to as organophosphates. These chemicals act by interfering with the activities of cholinesterase, an enzyme that is essential for the proper working of the nervous systems of humans, animals and insects.

정의

ChEBI: A C-nitro compound that is 4-nitrophenol substituted by a (dimethoxyphosphorothioyl)oxy group at position 4.

일반 설명

Methyl parathion is a white crystalline solid dissolved in a liquid solvent carrier. The commercial product is a tan liquid (xylene solution) with a pungent odor. Parathion-methyl is slightly soluble to insoluble in water. Usually with the liquid solvent Parathion-methyl is a combustible liquid. Parathion-methyl is toxic by inhalation, ingestion and skin absorption. Parathion-methyl is used as an insecticide.

공기와 물의 반응

Insoluble in water.

반응 프로필

METHYL PARATHION is half decomposed in 8 days at 40°C. When a sample was heated in a small test tube Parathion-methyl decomposed in a few minutes, the residue exploded (Food Chem. 4(1):42. 1956).

위험도

Explosion risk when heated. Toxicby skin absorption, inhalation, and ingestion;cholinesterase inhibitor. Use has been restricted.Questionable carcinogen.

건강위험

Parathion-methyl is extremely toxic; the probable oral lethal dose is 5-50 mg/kg, or between 7 drops and 1 teaspoonful for a 150-lb. person. Chronic toxicity does not appear to be a major consideration.

화재위험

Poisonous gases are produced in fire and when heated. Decomposition may lead to sufficient internal pressure to cause the container to rupture violently. Avoid oxidizing materials. Unstable. High temperatures (120F) cause decomposition.

농업용

Insecticide, Nematicide: A U.S. EPA restricted Use Pesticide (RUP). Severely Restricted for use in EU, as parathion-methyl. This material is used as an insecticide on over 50 crops, primarily cotton, but also on walnuts, corn, dried beans and almonds and on several ornamentals. It is no longer allowed to be used on crops consumed by children.

상품명

A-GRO®[C]; AI3-17292®; ATOMIC®[C]; AZOFOS®; AZOPHOS; BAMA BRAND®[C]; BAY 11405®; BAY E-601®; BLADAN M®; CEKUMETHION®; CLEAN CROP®[C]; COTTON TOX DUST®[C]; DALF®; DECLARE®; DEVITHION®; DREXEL METHYL PARATHION 4E®[C]; DURHAM[C]; E 601®; EMMY®[C]; E-Z-FLO®[C]; FALL OUT®[C]; FMC NYNAMITE®[C]; FOLIDOC®; FOLIDOL-80®; FOLIDOL M®; FOLIDOL M-40®; FOSFERNO M 50®; GEARPHOS®; 8056HC®; KILEX PARATHION®; ME-PARATHION®; MEPTOX®; METACID 50®; METACIDE®; METAFOS®; METAPHOS®; METRON®; METHYL-E 605®; METRON®; NITROX®; NITROX® 80; OLEOVOFOTOX®; PARAPEST M-50®; PENNCAP M®; PENNCAP MLS®; QUINOPHOS®; SEIS-TRES 6-3®; SINAFID M-48®; SIXTY-THREE SPECIAL E. C. INSECTICIDE®; TEKWAISA®; THIOPHENIT®; THYLPAR M-50®; TOLL®; VERTAC METHYL PARATHION TECHNISCH 80%®; WOFATOX 50 EC®

색상 색인 번호

A case of sensitization to methyl-parathion was described in a female agricultural worker with multiple sensitization.

Safety Profile

Poison by inhalation, ingestion, skin contact, subcutaneous, intravenous, and intraperitoneal routes. Fatal poisoning can result from skin or eye contact after very brief exposure to concentrated solution. Experimental teratogenic and reproductive effects. Questionable carcinogen. Human mutation data reported. A cholinesterase inhibitor type of insecticide. When heated to decomposition it emits very toxic fumes of NOx, POx, and SOx.

잠재적 노출

A severely hazardous pesticide formulation. Alert: This material is used as an insecticide on over 50 crops, primarily cotton, and on several ornamentals

Carcinogenicity

When rats were given diets with 0, 0.5, 2.5, 12.5, and 50 ppm (0, 0.02, 0.1, 0.5, or 2 mg/kg/day (males); 0, 0.02, 0.1, 0.7, or 3 mg/kg/day (females) for 12 months, neuronal degeneration and plasma, erythrocyte, and brain cholinesterase inhibition occurred at 12.5 and 50 ppm .

환경귀착

Methyl parathion is mobile in soils and can leach into groundwater and enter surface water as runoff. The chemical breaks down though microbial degradation, aqueous photolysis, hydrolysis, and incorporation into soil organic matter; thus, it degrades rapidly in soil and water with a half-life <5 days. Photodegradation is rapid in aquatic environments with a half-life of 49 h. Bioconcentration is not expected to occur (U.S. EPA, 2006b).

신진 대사 경로

Parathion-methyl is a non-systemic insecticide and, where studied, metabolism parallels that of parathion and f enitrothion. The major routes of biotransformation involve desulfuration to the oxon analogue (paraoxon-methyl) and hydrolysis to give dimethyl phosphate, dimethyl phosphorothionate and 4-nitrophenol. Demethylation to give desmethylparathion- methyl and reduction of the nitro group also occurs. As with organophosphates, demethylation via glutathione-S-methyl transferases in the liver and some other tissues is an important mechanism in mammals. The major route of phase II metabolism involves conjugation of 4-nitrophenol followed by excretion.

운송 방법

UN3017 Organophosphorus pesticides, liquid, toxic, flammable, flash point not ,23C, Hazard class: 6.1; Labels: 6.1-Poisonous materials, 3.-Flammable liquid. UN2783 Organophosphorus pesticides, solid, toxic, Hazard Class: 6.1; Labels: 6.1-Poisonous material. UN2811 Toxic solids, organic, n.o.s., Hazard Class: 6.1; Labels: 6.1- Poisonous materials, Technical Name Required

Degradation

Parathion-methyl (1) is hydrolysed under acidic and alkaline conditions. The rate is five times faster than for parathion. Upon heating it isomerises via a thonwthiolo rearrangement to yield S-methylparahon-methyl (2) (PM). The hydrolysis of the active anticholinesterase oxon analogue (paraoxon-methyl) (3) is much faster than that of parathion-methyl. The products of parathion-methyl hydrolysis were 4-nitrophenol (4) and dimethyl phosphorothioate (5) (Thuma et al., 1983). Hydrolysis is much more rapid in alkaline than in acidic or neutral media. Photodegradation in natural sunlight led to the formation of O,O,S-trimethyl phosphorothioate (6) and trimethyl phosphate (7) (Chukwudebe et al., 1989). Zweiner et al. (1994) examined the photolysis of parathion-methyl in aqueous solution after irradiation by unfiltered UV light. The major metabolites, which were detected by GC-MS, were paraoxon-methyl (3) and 4-nitrophenol (4). These conversions are shown in Scheme 1.

비 호환성

Incompatible with oxidizers, strong bases; heat. Mixtures with magnesium, or endrin may be violent or explosive. Slightly decomposed by acid solutions. Rapidly decomposed by alkalies. Explosive risk when heated above 50C. The liquid xylene solution decomposes violently @ 120C

폐기물 처리

Consult with environmental regulatory agencies for guidance on acceptable disposal practices. Generators of waste containing this contaminant (≥100 kg/mo) must conform to EPA regulations governing storage, transportation, treatment, and waste disposal. Incineration (816C, 0.5 second minimum for primary combustion; 1204C, 1.0 second for secondary combustion) with adequate scrubbing and ash disposal facilities. In accordance with 40CFR165, follow recommendations for the disposal of pesticides and pesticide containers. Must be disposed properly by following package label directions or by contacting your local or federal environmental control agency, or by contacting your regional EPA office

메틸 파라싸이온(메틸 파라티온) 준비 용품 및 원자재

원자재

준비 용품


메틸 파라싸이온(메틸 파라티온) 공급 업체

글로벌( 0)공급 업체
공급자 전화 팩스 이메일 국가 제품 수 이점

메틸 파라싸이온(메틸 파라티온) 관련 검색:

Copyright 2019 © ChemicalBook. All rights reserved