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메틸 파라싸이온(메틸 파라티온)

메틸 파라싸이온(메틸 파라티온)
메틸 파라싸이온(메틸 파라티온) 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
298-00-0
한글명:
메틸 파라싸이온(메틸 파라티온)
동의어(한글):
메틸파라싸이온(메틸파라티온);메틸파라티온;메틸파라티온
상품명:
Parathion-methyl
동의어(영문):
DALF;e601;Dalif;a-gro;ME605;NITRAN;Nitrox;MPT(R);8056HC;Azofos
CBNumber:
CB3348228
분자식:
C8H10NO5PS
포뮬러 무게:
263.21
MOL 파일:
298-00-0.mol

메틸 파라싸이온(메틸 파라티온) 속성

녹는점
36°C
끓는 점
143°C (1.0 mmHg)
밀도
1.36
굴절률
nD25 1.5367
인화점
46.1°C
저장 조건
APPROX 4°C
물리적 상태
solid
수용성
0.005 g/100 mL
BRN
8905814
안정성
Stable. Flammable.
CAS 데이터베이스
298-00-0(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST
Phosphorothioic acid, o,o-dimethyl-o-p-nitrophenyl ester(298-00-0)
EPA
Phosphorothioic acid, O,O-dimethyl O-(4-nitrophenyl) ester(298-00-0)
안전
  • 위험 및 안전 성명
  • 위험 및 사전주의 사항 (GHS)
위험품 표기 T+;N,N,T+,Xn,F
위험 카페고리 넘버 5-24-26/28-48/22-50/53-10-67-66-51/53-36-20/22-11-65-38
안전지침서 28-36/37-45-60-61-26-62-16
유엔번호(UN No.) UN 2052/2783/2811
WGK 독일 3
RTECS 번호 TG0175000
위험 등급 6.1(a)
포장분류 II
HS 번호 29201100
유해 물질 데이터 298-00-0(Hazardous Substances Data)
독성 LD50 in male, female rats (mg/kg): 14, 24 orally; 67, 67 dermally (Gaines)
그림문자(GHS):
신호 어: Danger
유해·위험 문구:
암호 유해·위험 문구 위험 등급 범주 신호 어 그림 문자 P- 코드
H225 고인화성 액체 및 증기 인화성 액체 구분 2 위험 P210,P233, P240, P241, P242, P243,P280, P303+ P361+P353, P370+P378,P403+P235, P501
H226 인화성 액체 및 증기 인화성 액체 구분 3 경고
H304 삼켜서 기도로 유입되면 치명적일 수 있음 흡인 유해성물질 구분 1 위험
H311 피부와 접촉하면 유독함 급성 독성 물질 - 경피 구분 3 위험 P280, P302+P352, P312, P322, P361,P363, P405, P501
H315 피부에 자극을 일으킴 피부부식성 또는 자극성물질 구분 2 경고 P264, P280, P302+P352, P321,P332+P313, P362
H319 눈에 심한 자극을 일으킴 심한 눈 손상 또는 자극성 물질 구분 2A 경고 P264, P280, P305+P351+P338,P337+P313P
H336 졸음 또는 현기증을 일으킬 수 있음 특정표적장기 독성 물질(1회 노출);마취작용 구분 3 경고 P261, P271, P304+P340, P312,P403+P233, P405, P501
H373 장기간 또는 반복 노출되면 장기(또는, 영향을 받은 알려진 모든 장기를 명시)에 손상을 일으킬 수 있음 특정 표적장기 독성 - 반복 노출 구분 2 경고 P260, P314, P501
H410 장기적 영향에 의해 수생생물에 매우 유독함 수생 환경유해성 물질 - 만성 구분 1 경고 P273, P391, P501
H411 장기적 영향에 의해 수생생물에 유독함 수생 환경유해성 물질 - 만성 구분 2
예방조치문구:
P210 열·스파크·화염·고열로부터 멀리하시오 - 금연 하시오.
P261 분진·흄·가스·미스트·증기·...·스프레이의 흡입을 피하시오.
P273 환경으로 배출하지 마시오.
P280 보호장갑/보호의/보안경/안면보호구를 착용하시오.
P331 토하게 하지 마시오.
P391 누출물을 모으시오.
P301+P310 삼켰다면 즉시 의료기관(의사)의 진찰을 받으시오.
P337+P313 눈에 대한 자극이 지속되면 의학적인 조치· 조언를 구하시오.
P370+P378 화재 시 불을 끄기 위해 (Section 5. 폭발, 화재시 대처방법의 적절한 소화제)을(를) 사용하시오.
P501 ...에 내용물 / 용기를 폐기 하시오.

메틸 파라싸이온(메틸 파라티온) C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산

화학적 성질

white crystalline powder

화학적 성질

Methyl parathion is a white to yellow-brown, crystalline solid with a garlic odor.

용도

Parathion-methyl is an derivative of Parathion (P192220), an organophosphate insecticide used on cotton, rice and fruit trees.

용도

Insecticide, especially for cotton.

정의

ChEBI: A C-nitro compound that is 4-nitrophenol substituted by a (dimethoxyphosphorothioyl)oxy group at position 4.

일반 설명

Methyl parathion is a white crystalline solid dissolved in a liquid solvent carrier. The commercial product is a tan liquid (xylene solution) with a pungent odor. Parathion-methyl is slightly soluble to insoluble in water. Usually with the liquid solvent Parathion-methyl is a combustible liquid. Parathion-methyl is toxic by inhalation, ingestion and skin absorption. Parathion-methyl is used as an insecticide.

공기와 물의 반응

Insoluble in water.

반응 프로필

METHYL PARATHION is half decomposed in 8 days at 40°C. When a sample was heated in a small test tube Parathion-methyl decomposed in a few minutes, the residue exploded (Food Chem. 4(1):42. 1956).

위험도

Explosion risk when heated. Toxicby skin absorption, inhalation, and ingestion;cholinesterase inhibitor. Use has been restricted.Questionable carcinogen.

건강위험

Parathion-methyl is extremely toxic; the probable oral lethal dose is 5-50 mg/kg, or between 7 drops and 1 teaspoonful for a 150-lb. person. Chronic toxicity does not appear to be a major consideration.

화재위험

Poisonous gases are produced in fire and when heated. Decomposition may lead to sufficient internal pressure to cause the container to rupture violently. Avoid oxidizing materials. Unstable. High temperatures (120F) cause decomposition.

농업용

Insecticide, Nematicide: A U.S. EPA restricted Use Pesticide (RUP). Severely Restricted for use in EU, as parathion-methyl. This material is used as an insecticide on over 50 crops, primarily cotton, but also on walnuts, corn, dried beans and almonds and on several ornamentals. It is no longer allowed to be used on crops consumed by children.

상품명

A-GRO®[C]; AI3-17292®; ATOMIC®[C]; AZOFOS®; AZOPHOS; BAMA BRAND®[C]; BAY 11405®; BAY E-601®; BLADAN M®; CEKUMETHION®; CLEAN CROP®[C]; COTTON TOX DUST®[C]; DALF®; DECLARE®; DEVITHION®; DREXEL METHYL PARATHION 4E®[C]; DURHAM[C]; E 601®; EMMY®[C]; E-Z-FLO®[C]; FALL OUT®[C]; FMC NYNAMITE®[C]; FOLIDOC®; FOLIDOL-80®; FOLIDOL M®; FOLIDOL M-40®; FOSFERNO M 50®; GEARPHOS®; 8056HC®; KILEX PARATHION®; ME-PARATHION®; MEPTOX®; METACID 50®; METACIDE®; METAFOS®; METAPHOS®; METRON®; METHYL-E 605®; METRON®; NITROX®; NITROX® 80; OLEOVOFOTOX®; PARAPEST M-50®; PENNCAP M®; PENNCAP MLS®; QUINOPHOS®; SEIS-TRES 6-3®; SINAFID M-48®; SIXTY-THREE SPECIAL E. C. INSECTICIDE®; TEKWAISA®; THIOPHENIT®; THYLPAR M-50®; TOLL®; VERTAC METHYL PARATHION TECHNISCH 80%®; WOFATOX 50 EC®

색상 색인 번호

A case of sensitization to methyl-parathion was described in a female agricultural worker with multiple sensitization.

Safety Profile

Poison by inhalation, ingestion, skin contact, subcutaneous, intravenous, and intraperitoneal routes. Fatal poisoning can result from skin or eye contact after very brief exposure to concentrated solution. Experimental teratogenic and reproductive effects. Questionable carcinogen. Human mutation data reported. A cholinesterase inhibitor type of insecticide. When heated to decomposition it emits very toxic fumes of NOx, POx, and SOx.

잠재적 노출

A severely hazardous pesticide formulation. Alert: This material is used as an insecticide on over 50 crops, primarily cotton, and on several ornamentals

응급 처치

If this chemical gets into the eyes, remove any contact lenses at once and irrigate immediately for at least 15 minutes, occasionally lifting upper and lower lids. Seek medical attention immediately. If this chemical contacts the skin, remove contaminated clothing and wash immediately with soap and water. Speed in removing material from skin is of extreme importance. Shampoo hair promptly if contaminated. Seek medical attention immediately. If this chemical has been inhaled, remove from exposure, begin rescue breathing (using universal precautions, including resuscitation mask) if breathing has stopped and CPR if heart action has stopped. Transfer promptly to a medical facility. When this chemical has been swallowed, get medical attention. Give large quantities of water and induce vomiting. Do not make an unconscious person vomit. Effects of exposure may be delayed. Medical monitoring is advised.

운송 방법

UN3017 Organophosphorus pesticides, liquid, toxic, flammable, flash point not ,23C, Hazard class: 6.1; Labels: 6.1-Poisonous materials, 3.-Flammable liquid. UN2783 Organophosphorus pesticides, solid, toxic, Hazard Class: 6.1; Labels: 6.1-Poisonous material. UN2811 Toxic solids, organic, n.o.s., Hazard Class: 6.1; Labels: 6.1- Poisonous materials, Technical Name Required

비 호환성

Incompatible with oxidizers, strong bases; heat. Mixtures with magnesium, or endrin may be violent or explosive. Slightly decomposed by acid solutions. Rapidly decomposed by alkalies. Explosive risk when heated above 50C. The liquid xylene solution decomposes violently @ 120C

폐기물 처리

Consult with environmental regulatory agencies for guidance on acceptable disposal practices. Generators of waste containing this contaminant (≥100 kg/mo) must conform to EPA regulations governing storage, transportation, treatment, and waste disposal. Incineration (816C, 0.5 second minimum for primary combustion; 1204C, 1.0 second for secondary combustion) with adequate scrubbing and ash disposal facilities. In accordance with 40CFR165, follow recommendations for the disposal of pesticides and pesticide containers. Must be disposed properly by following package label directions or by contacting your local or federal environmental control agency, or by contacting your regional EPA office

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