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황린

황린
황린 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
12185-10-3
한글명:
황린
동의어(한글):
인;황린;인, 흰색;백인
상품명:
White phosphorus
동의어(영문):
Chebi:35895;tetraphosphorus;white phosphorus;Phosphorus tetramer;Molecular phosphorus;Tetraatomic phosphorus;Tetrahedro-tetraphosphorus;Phosphorus tetraatomic molecule;White phosphorus ISO 9001:2015 REACH;[Td-(13)-delta(4)-closo]tetraphosphorus
CBNumber:
CB82131283
분자식:
P4
포뮬러 무게:
123.896
MOL 파일:
12185-10-3.mol

황린 속성

녹는점
44.1 (0.181mm) [MER06]
끓는 점
277℃ [CRC10]
밀도
α: 1.83; β. 1.88 [MER06]
수용성
1 part/300,000 parts H2O; 1g/400mL absolute alcohol; 1 g/200mL CHCl2; 1g/40mL benzene [MER06]
NIST
Phosphorus tetramer(12185-10-3)
EPA
Phosphorus (white or yellow) (12185-10-3)

안전

기존화학 물질 KE-05-1353
유해화학물질 필터링 97-1-240
함량 및 규제정보 물질구분: 유독물질; 혼합물(제품)함량정보: 인 및 이를 1% 이상 함유한 혼합물

황린 C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산

개요

White phosphorus,also known as yellow phosphorus, is a nonmetallic element that is found in the form of crystals or a wax-like transparent solid. It ignites spontaneously in air at 86°F, which is also its ignition temperature. White phosphorus should be stored under water and away from heat. It is a dangerous fire risk, with a boiling point of 536°F (280°C) and a melting point of 111°F (43°C). White phosphorus is toxic by inhalation and ingestion, and contact with skin produces burns. The TLV is 0.1 mg/m3 of air, and it is insoluble in water, with a specific gravity of 1.82, which is heavier than air. White phosphorus is shipped and stored under water to keep it from contacting air. The four-digit UN identification number is 2447. The NFPA 704 designation is health 4, flammability 4, and reactivity 2. The primary uses are in rodenticides, smoke screens, and analytical chemistry.

화학적 성질

Phosphorus is a white to yellow, soft, waxy solid with acrid fumes in air. White/yellow phosphorus is either a yellow or colorless, volatile, crystalline solid which darkens when exposed to light and ignites in air to form white fumes and greenish light. It has a garlic-like odor. Usually shipped or stored in water.

잠재적 노출

White or yellow phosphorus is handled away from air so that exposure is usually limited. Phosphorus was at one time used for the production of matches or “lucifers” but has long since been replaced due to its chronic toxicity. It is used in the manufacture of munitions including tracer bullets, pyrotechnics, explosives, smoke bombs; and other incendiary agents; (because it spontaneously catches fire in air) and as a smoke agent (because it produces clouds of irritating white smoke). Phosphorus is used artificial fertilizers; rodenticides, phosphor bronze alloys; semiconductors, Electro-luminescent coating; and chemicals, such as phosphoric and metallic phosphides. RP is used as a choking/pulmonary agent

운송 방법

UN1338 Phosphorus, amorphous, Hazard Class: 4.1; Labels: 4.1-Flammable solid. UN1381 Phosphorus, white, dry; under water, in solution; Phosphorus, yellow, dry; yellow, under water; in solution, Hazard Class: 4.2; Labels: 4.2-Spontaneously combustible material, 6.1Poisonous materials. UN2447 Phosphorus white, molten, Hazard Class: 4.2; Labels: 4.2-Spontaneously combustible material, 6.1-Poisonous materials.

비 호환성

Phosphorus, a pyrophoric solid, spontaneously ignite on contact with air, producing toxic phosphorus oxide fumes. Reacts with strong bases, releasing toxic phosphine gas. Phosphorus reacts violently with oxidizers, halogens, some metals, nitrites, sulfur, and many other compounds, causing a fire and explosion hazard. White/yellow reacts with air, halogens, halides, sulfur, oxidizers, alkali hydroxides (forming gas); and metals (forming reactive phosphides). Red is a combustible solid. Friction or contact with oxidizers can cause ignition. Incompatible with many other substances. Forms gas and phosphoric acid on contact with moisture. Opened packages of red phosphorus should be stored under inert gas blanket.

폐기물 처리

Controlled incineration followed by alkaline scrubbing and particulate removal equipment.

황린 준비 용품 및 원자재

원자재

준비 용품


황린 공급 업체

글로벌( 24)공급 업체
공급자 전화 팩스 이메일 국가 제품 수 이점
Hefei TNJ Chemical Industry Co.,Ltd.
+86-0551-65418679
86-0551-65418697 info@tnjchem.com China 3000 55
Hubei Jusheng Technology Co.,Ltd.
86-18871470254
027-59599243 linda@hubeijusheng.com CHINA 28229 58
Hubei xin bonus chemical co. LTD
86-13657291602
027-59338440 linda@hubeijusheng.com CHINA 23035 58
Hefei TNJ Chemical Industry Co.,Ltd.
0551-65418671
0551-65418697 sales@tnjchem.com CHINA 37441 58
HANGZHOU CLAP TECHNOLOGY CO.,LTD
13588875226 86-571-88216897、88216896
86-571-88216895 sales@hzclap.com CHINA 6469 58
Shaanxi Dideu Medichem Co. Ltd
18192503167 +86-29-89586680
+86-29-88380327 1005@dideu.com CHINA 9938 58
AFINE CHEMICALS LIMITED
008657185134551
008657185134895 info@afinechem.com CHINA 15559 58
Chemwill Asia Co.,Ltd. 86-21-51086038
86-21-51861608 chemwill_asia@126.com;sales@chemwill.com;chemwill@hotmail.com;chemwill@gmail.com CHINA 23975 58
Credit Asia Chemical Co., Ltd. +86 (21) 61124340
+86 (21) 6129-4103 sales02@forever-reagent.com China 9778 58
Shanghai Orgchem Co.,Ltd. +86-21-5877 1921
+86-21-5877 1925 info@chemofchina.com China 9687 55

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