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삼황화사인

삼황화사인
삼황화사인 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
1314-80-3
한글명:
삼황화사인
동의어(한글):
삼황화사인;오이황화인;포스포러스펜타설파이드;포스포러스펜타설파이드
상품명:
Phosphorus pentasulfide
동의어(영문):
sulfurphosphide;Phosphorussulfid;sirnikfosforecny;Phosphoricsulfide;osphorus pentasulf;PHOSPHORUS SULFIDE;Phosphoric Sulphide;rcrawastenumberu189;Sulfur phosphide (R);Phosphoruspersulfide
CBNumber:
CB5853038
분자식:
PS5
포뮬러 무게:
191.3
MOL 파일:
1314-80-3.mol

삼황화사인 속성

녹는점
286 °C
끓는 점
514°C
밀도
2.09 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)
저장 조건
Flammables area
물리적 상태
Powder
색상
Yellow to green
수소이온지수(pH)
1 (10g/l, H2O, 20℃)
수용성
reacts
CAS 데이터베이스
1314-80-3(CAS DataBase Reference)
안전
  • 위험 및 안전 성명
  • 위험 및 사전주의 사항 (GHS)
위험품 표기 F,Xn,N
위험 카페고리 넘버 11-20/22-29-50
안전지침서 61
유엔번호(UN No.) UN 1340 4.3/PG 2
WGK 독일 3
RTECS 번호 TH4375000
F 고인화성물질 13-21
자연 발화 온도 142 °C
위험 등급 4.3
포장분류 II
HS 번호 28139000
유해 물질 데이터 1314-80-3(Hazardous Substances Data)
독성 LD50 orally in Rabbit: 389 mg/kg LD50 dermal Rabbit 3160 mg/kg
그림문자(GHS):
신호 어: Danger
유해·위험 문구:
암호 유해·위험 문구 위험 등급 범주 신호 어 그림 문자 P- 코드
H228 인화성 고체 인화성 고체 구분 1
구분 2
위험
경고
P210, P240,P241, P280, P370+P378
H260 물과 접촉시 자연 발화성 인화성 가스를 발생시킴 물반응성 물질 및 혼합물 구분 1 위험 P223, P231+P232, P280, P335+ P334,P370+P378, P402+P404, P501
H302 삼키면 유해함 급성 독성 물질 - 경구 구분 4 경고 P264, P270, P301+P312, P330, P501
H332 흡입하면 유해함 급성 독성 물질 흡입 구분 4 경고 P261, P271, P304+P340, P312
H400 수생생물에 매우 유독함 수생 환경유해성 물질 - 급성 구분 1 경고 P273, P391, P501
예방조치문구:
P210 열·스파크·화염·고열로부터 멀리하시오 - 금연 하시오.
P223 물과 접촉하지 마시오.
P273 환경으로 배출하지 마시오.
P231+P232 불활성 기체 하에서 취급하고, 습기를 방지하시오.
P370+P378 화재 시 불을 끄기 위해 (Section 5. 폭발, 화재시 대처방법의 적절한 소화제)을(를) 사용하시오.
P422 적절한 물질을(를) 충진하여 보관하시오.

삼황화사인 C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산

화학적 성질

Yellow to greenish powder

화학적 성질

Phosphorus pentasulfide is a greenish-gray to yellow, crystalline solid with an odor of rotten eggs. The Odor Threshold is 0.005 ppm

용도

In manufacture of lube oil additives and pesticides. manufacture of safety matches, ignition Compounds, and for introducing sulfur into organic Compounds.

용도

Phosphorus pentasulfide is used in the manufacture of lubricant additives, pesticides, safety matches, and flotation agents.

용도

Phosphorus pentasulfide (phosphoric sulfide, P2S5) is an insecticide. It is also an additive to oils and a component of safety matches.

일반 설명

A greenish yellow solid with an odor of rotten eggs that may paralyze the sense of smell at hazardous concentrations in air. Density 2.04 g / cm3. Phosphorus pentasulfide is used for making lube oil additives, insecticides, flotation agents, safety matches, blown asphalt, and other products and chemicals.

공기와 물의 반응

Highly flammable. May heat and spontaneously ignite in presence of moisture [Haz. Chem. Data. 1969]. Reaction with water forms toxic hydrogen sulfide gas and phosphoric acid. Dangerous when wet.

반응 프로필

PHOSPHORUS PENTASULFIDE reacts vigorously with strong oxidants. Exothermically violent decomposition reaction with water, steam or acids to produce irritating fumes of phosphorus pentaoxide and highly toxic hydrogen sulfide gas. May ignite in contact with limited amounts of water [Haz. Chem. Data, 1975, p. 239]. Can be ignited by sparks or friction and its dust presents an explosion hazard in air at sufficient concentrations. Hydrogen sulfide gas evolved from reactions with water may also form explosive mixtures with air.

건강위험

Hydrogen sulfide gas formed by reaction with moisture can cause death by respiratory failure. The gas also irritates eyes and respiratory system. The solid irritates skin and eyes; the symptoms may be delayed several hours.

건강위험

Phosphorus pentasulfide is an irritant to the skin and eyes. Inhalation of its vapors can cause irritation of the respiratory passage. Oral toxicity of this compound in rats was found to be moderate.
LD50 value, oral (rats): 389 mg/kg (NIOSH 1986)
Phosphorus pentasulfide can readily produce highly toxic hydrogen sulfide in the presence of moisture. Other toxic products from its combustion are sulfur dioxide and phosphorus pentoxide (corrosive)..

화재위험

Special Hazards of Combustion Products: Products of combustion include sulfur dioxide and phosphorus pentoxide, which are irritating, toxic and corrosive.

Safety Profile

A poison by ingestion. A severe eye and skin irritant. Readily liberates toxic hydrogen sulfide and phosphorus pentoxide and evolves heat on contact with moisture. Dangerous fire hazard in the form of dust when exposed to heat or flame. Spontaneous heating in the presence of moisture. Moderate explosion hazard in solid form by spontaneous chemical reaction. Reacts with water, steam, or acids to produce toxic and flammable vapors; can react vigorously with oxidizing materials. Incompatible with air, alcohols, water. To fight fire, use CO2snow, dry chemical, or sand. Used as an intermedate in manufacturing lubricant addltives, insecticides, and fertilizer agents. When heated to decomposition it emits highly toxic fumes of SO, and PO,. See also HYDROGEN SULFIDE.

잠재적 노출

Phosphorus pentasulfide is used as an intermediate in the manufacture of lubricant additives; insecticides, flotation agents; lubricating oil; ignition compounds; and matches. It is also used to introduce sulfur into rubber, and organic chemicals, such as pharmaceuticals.

운송 방법

UN1340 Phosphorus pentasulfate, free from yellow or white phosphorus, Hazard Class: 4.3; Labels: 4.3-Dangerous when wet material, 4.1-flammable solid.

Purification Methods

Purify P2S5 by extraction and crystallisation with CS2, using a Soxhlet extractor, and is heated in a CO2 atmosphere at 150o to remove solvent. It liberates H2S in moist air. HARMFUL VAPOURS. [Klements in Handbook of Preparative Inorganic Chemistry (Ed. Brauer) Academic Press Vol I p 568 1963.]

비 호환성

Flammable solid; dust may form explosive mixture with air. Contact with water forms phosphorus pentoxide and an explosive mixture of hydrogen sulfide with air. Phosphorus pentasulfide is incompatible with oxidizers (chlorates, nitrates, peroxides, permanganates, perchlorates, chlorine, bromine, fluorine, etc.); contact may cause fires or explosions. Keep away from alkaline materials, ammonia, strong acids, strong bases, alcohols. Reaction with water or moisture in the air releases heat, hydrogen sulfide (H2S), sulfur dioxide, and phosphoric acid. Pyrophoric hazard, may self-ignite in moist air.

폐기물 처리

Consult with environmental regulatory agencies for guidance on acceptable disposal practices. Generators of waste containing this contaminant (≥100 kg/mo) must conform with EPA regulations governing storage, transportation, treatment, and waste disposal. Decompose with water, forming phosphoric acid, sulfuric acid and hydrogen sulfide. Provisions must be made for scrubbing hydrogen sulfide emissions. The acids may then be neutralized and diluted slowly to solution of soda ash and slaked lime with stirring, then flush to sewer with large volumes of water.

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