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다이아이소프로필아민

다이아이소프로필아민
다이아이소프로필아민 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
108-18-9
한글명:
다이아이소프로필아민
동의어(한글):
다이아이소프로필아민;디이소프로필아민
상품명:
Diisopropylamine
동의어(영문):
DIPA;(iso-C3H7)2NH;AURORA KA-7634;Diisopropylamin;Diisoproplamine;DIISOPROPYLAMINE;Isodipropylamine;Torsemide SM3-Z2;diisopropylanmine;Bis(isopropyl)amine
CBNumber:
CB5852738
분자식:
C6H15N
포뮬러 무게:
101.19
MOL 파일:
108-18-9.mol

다이아이소프로필아민 속성

녹는점
-61 °C (lit.)
끓는 점
84 °C (lit.)
밀도
0.722 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)
증기 밀도
3.5 (vs air)
증기압
50 mm Hg ( 20 °C)
굴절률
n20/D 1.392(lit.)
인화점
1.4 °F
저장 조건
Store below +30°C.
용해도
100 g/L (20°C)
산도 계수 (pKa)
11.05(at 25℃)
물리적 상태
Liquid
색상
Clear colorless
냄새
Amine.
수소이온지수(pH)
11.8 (6g/l, H2O, 20℃)
폭발한계
1.1-7.1%(V)
수용성
100 g/L (20 ºC)
Merck
14,3196
BRN
605284
노출 한도
NIOSH REL: TWA 5 ppm (20 mg/m3), IDLH 200 ppm; OSHA PEL: TWA 5 ppm; ACGIH TLV: TWA 5 ppm (adopted).
안정성
Stable. Flammable. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents. May react violently with strong acids or oxidizers. Air sensitive.
InChIKey
UAOMVDZJSHZZME-UHFFFAOYSA-N
CAS 데이터베이스
108-18-9(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST
2-Propanamine, N-(1-methylethyl)-(108-18-9)
EPA
Diisopropylamine (108-18-9)
안전
  • 위험 및 안전 성명
  • 위험 및 사전주의 사항 (GHS)
위험품 표기 F,C
위험 카페고리 넘버 11-20/22-34
안전지침서 16-26-36/37/39-45
유엔번호(UN No.) UN 1158 3/PG 2
WGK 독일 2
RTECS 번호 IM4025000
자연 발화 온도 599 °F
위험 참고 사항 Highly Flammable/Corrosive/Harmful
TSCA Yes
HS 번호 2921 19 99
위험 등급 3
포장분류 II
유해 물질 데이터 108-18-9(Hazardous Substances Data)
독성 LD50 orally in rats: 0.77 g/kg (Smyth)
기존화학 물질 KE-24105
그림문자(GHS):
신호 어: Danger
유해·위험 문구:
암호 유해·위험 문구 위험 등급 범주 신호 어 그림 문자 P- 코드
H225 고인화성 액체 및 증기 인화성 액체 구분 2 위험 P210,P233, P240, P241, P242, P243,P280, P303+ P361+P353, P370+P378,P403+P235, P501
H302 삼키면 유해함 급성 독성 물질 - 경구 구분 4 경고 P264, P270, P301+P312, P330, P501
H314 피부에 심한 화상과 눈에 손상을 일으킴 피부부식성 또는 자극성물질 구분 1A, B, C 위험 P260,P264, P280, P301+P330+ P331,P303+P361+P353, P363, P304+P340,P310, P321, P305+ P351+P338, P405,P501
H318 눈에 심한 손상을 일으킴 심한 눈 손상 또는 자극성 물질 구분 1 위험 P280, P305+P351+P338, P310
H331 흡입하면 유독함 급성 독성 물질 흡입 구분 3 위험 P261, P271, P304+P340, P311, P321,P403+P233, P405, P501
예방조치문구:
P210 열·스파크·화염·고열로부터 멀리하시오 - 금연 하시오.
P280 보호장갑/보호의/보안경/안면보호구를 착용하시오.
P303+P361+P353 피부(또는 머리카락)에 묻으면 오염된 모든 의복은 벗거나 제거하시오 피부를 물로 씻으시오/샤워하시오.
P305+P351+P338 눈에 묻으면 몇 분간 물로 조심해서 씻으시오. 가능하면 콘택트렌즈를 제거하시오. 계속 씻으시오.
P405 밀봉하여 저장하시오.
P403+P233 용기는 환기가 잘 되는 곳에 단단히 밀폐하여 저장하시오.
NFPA 704
3
3 0

다이아이소프로필아민 MSDS


Diisopropylamine

다이아이소프로필아민 C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산

개요

Diisopropylamine is a secondary amine and is a colorless liquid at room temperature with a fishy, ammonia-like odor. It is used as a chemical intermediate, and catalyst for the synthesis of pesticides and pharmaceuticals. Diisopropylamine is associated with tobacco either as a natural component of tobacco, pyrolysis product (in tobacco smoke), or additive for one or more types of tobacco products. Synonyms for diisopropylamine include DIPA, and N-(1-methylethyl)-2- propanamine.

화학적 성질

Diisopropylamine is a flammable, strongly alkaline Colorless liquid. Diisopropylamine is soluble in water and alcohol. The odor threshold ranges from 0.017 to 4.2 ppm; the fishlike odor becomes irritating at 100 mg/m3.

물리적 성질

Colorless liquid with an ammonia-like odor. Experimentally determined detection and recognition odor threshold concentrations were 50 μg/m3 (130 ppbv) and 190 μg/m3 (380 ppbv), respectively (Hellman and Small, 1974).

용도

Diisopropylamine is used as a solvent and in the chemical synthesis of dyes, pharmaceuticals, and other organic syntheses.

용도

Diisopropylamine is used as a precursor to prepare lithium diisopropylamide and sulfenamides, which are used in rubber vulcanization. It is also involved in the synthesis of N,N-Diisopropylethylamine (Hünig's base) obtained by alkylation with diethyl sulfate. Diisopropylammonium bromide is a bromide salt of DIPA used as an inert alternative to barium titanate. It is widely used as solvent as well as an intermediate in the the synthesis of pharmaceuticals, dyes, mineral flotation agents and emulsifiers.

생산 방법

Diisopropylamine is produced by the reaction of diisopropyl alcohol with ammonia (HSDB 1989).

일반 설명

A clear colorless liquid with an ammonia-like odor. Flash point 30°F. Less dense than water. Vapors heavier than air. Toxic oxides of nitrogen produced during combustion. Used to make other chemicals.

공기와 물의 반응

Highly flammable. Soluble in water. Sensitive to heat and air.

반응 프로필

Diisopropylamine can react violently with oxidizing agents and strong acids. Readily eutralizes acids in exothermic reactions to form salts plus water. May be incompatible with isocyanates, halogenated organics, peroxides, phenols (acidic), epoxides, anhydrides, and acid halides. Flammable gaseous hydrogen may be generated in combination with strong reducing agents, such as hydrides.

건강위험

In humans, diisopropylamine is an eye irritant. When exposed to concentrations between 25 and 50 p.p.m., workers complained of disturbances of vision. There were also complaints of nausea and headache. Dermatitis would be expected from prolonged skin exposure (Beard and Noe, 1981).

건강위험

Permitted levels of diisopropylamine should not cause adverse health and welfare effects. Acute inhalation exposure to diisopropylamine can cause sore throat, cough, burning sensation and shortness of breath. Adverse effects occur mainly in the upper respiratory tract, although after chronic exposure. There is no definitive evidence that diisopropylamine causes cancer so a chronic cancer value was not developed. Diisopropylamine has not been classified as causing cancer by the International Agency for Research on Cancer, the United States Environmental Protection Agency, the American Conference of Industrial Hygienists, or the National Toxicology Program.

화학 반응

Reactivity with Water No reaction; Reactivity with Common Materials: May attack some forms of plastics; Stability During Transport: Stable; Neutralizing Agents for Acids and Caustics: Not pertinent; Polymerization: Not pertinent; Inhibitor of Polymerization: Not pertinent.

공업 용도

Diisopropylamine is used as a catalyst and as a stabilizer for mesityl oxide (HSDB 1989). It is also used as an intermediate in the synthesis of dyes, pharmaceuticals and pesticides (e.g. Diallate, Fenamiphos and Triallate).

Safety Profile

Moderately toxic by ingestion and subcutaneous routes. Mildly toxic by inhalation. Mutation data reported. A skin and severe eye irritant. Inhalation of fumes can cause pulmonary edema. A very dangerous fire hazard when exposed to heat or flame; can react vigorously with oxidizing materials. To fight fire, use alcohol foam,foam, CO2, dry chemical. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of NOx See also AMINES.

환경귀착

Photolytic. Low et al. (1991) reported that the photooxidation of aqueous secondary amine solutions by UV light in the presence of titanium dioxide resulted in the formation of ammonium and nitrate ions.
Chemical/Physical. Reacts with acids forming water-soluble salts.

신진 대사

Little, if any investigation of the metabolism of short-chain aliphatic amines has been reported and the best that can be done is to suggest some possible metabolic routes. For example the flavin monooxygenase system could produce the hydroxylamine through N-hydroxylation catalyzed by the flavin monooxygenase system (Ziegler 1988). N-hydroxylation can also be induced with the cytochrome P-450 system as can N-dealkylation reactions (Lindeke and Cho 1982). More definitive analysis must await experimental studies.

Purification Methods

Distil the amine from NaOH, or reflux it three minutes over Na wire or NaH, and distil it into a dry receiver under N2. [Beilstein 4 H 154, 4 I 369, 4 II 630, 4 III 274, 4 IV 510.]

다이아이소프로필아민 준비 용품 및 원자재

원자재

준비 용품


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