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Lithium carbonate

Chemical Properties Description Uses Toxicity Preparation Reactions
Lithium carbonate
Lithium carbonate structure
CAS No.
554-13-2
Chemical Name:
Lithium carbonate
Synonyms
Limas;Li2CO3;Litard;Lithea;Phasal;Plenur;Eutimin;Lithane;Liticar;Priadel
CBNumber:
CB5852228
Molecular Formula:
CLi2O3
Formula Weight:
73.89
MOL File:
554-13-2.mol

Lithium carbonate Properties

Melting point:
720 °C
Boiling point:
1342 °C(lit.)
Density 
2.11 g/mL at 25 °C
Flash point:
1310°C
storage temp. 
Store at +5°C to +30°C.
solubility 
13g/l
pka
pKa 6.38 (Uncertain);10.25 (Uncertain)
form 
wire
Specific Gravity
2.11
color 
White
PH
10-11 (5g/l, H2O, 20℃)
Water Solubility 
13 g/L (20 ºC)
Merck 
14,5527
Solubility Product Constant (Ksp)
pKsp: 1.6
BRN 
3999191
CAS DataBase Reference
554-13-2(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST Chemistry Reference
Lithium carbonate(554-13-2)
EPA Substance Registry System
Carbonic acid, dilithium salt(554-13-2)
SAFETY
  • Risk and Safety Statements
  • Hazard and Precautionary Statements (GHS)
Hazard Codes  Xn,C,F
Risk Statements  36/38-41-36/37/38-22-36-34-20/21/22-15-14-11
Safety Statements  8-43-45-37/39-26-36/37-24/25-36/37/39-16-7/8-3/7/9
WGK Germany  2
RTECS  OJ5800000
10
TSCA  Yes
HS Code  28369100
Hazardous Substances Data 554-13-2(Hazardous Substances Data)
Toxicity LD50 orally in rats: 0.71 g/kg (Smyth)
Symbol(GHS):
Signal word: Warning
Hazard statements:
Code Hazard statements Hazard class Category Signal word Pictogram P-Codes
H302 Harmful if swallowed Acute toxicity,oral Category 4 Warning P264, P270, P301+P312, P330, P501
H319 Causes serious eye irritation Serious eye damage/eye irritation Category 2A Warning P264, P280, P305+P351+P338,P337+P313P
Precautionary statements:
P264 Wash hands thoroughly after handling.
P264 Wash skin thouroughly after handling.
P280 Wear protective gloves/protective clothing/eye protection/face protection.
P305+P351+P338 IF IN EYES: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses, if present and easy to do. Continuerinsing.
P337+P313 IF eye irritation persists: Get medical advice/attention.

Lithium carbonate price More Price(33)

Manufacturer Product number Product description CAS number Packaging Price Updated Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 13010 Lithium carbonate purum, ≥99% 554-13-2 100g-r $83.6 2018-11-13 Buy
Sigma-Aldrich 1369000 Lithium carbonate United States Pharmacopeia (USP) Reference Standard 554-13-2 300mg $348 2018-11-13 Buy
TCI Chemical L0224 Lithium Carbonate >98.0%(T) 554-13-2 25g $17 2018-11-22 Buy
TCI Chemical L0224 Lithium Carbonate >98.0%(T) 554-13-2 500g $59 2018-11-22 Buy
Alfa Aesar 010734 Lithium carbonate, Puratronic?, 99.998% (metals basis excluding Ca), Ca LT 20ppm 554-13-2 50g $76.4 2018-11-16 Buy

Lithium carbonate Chemical Properties,Uses,Production

Chemical Properties

It is a white monoclinic powder. Slightly soluble in water (1.54 when 0 ℃, 0.72 when 100 ℃), insoluble in alcohol, soluble in acid. Dissolved amount per 100 ml of water at different temperatures (℃) in grams:
1.54g/0 ℃; 1.43g/10 ℃; 1.33g/20 ℃; 1.26g/30 ℃; 1.17g/40 ℃; 1.08g/50 ℃
1.01g/60 ℃; 0.85g/80 ℃; 0.72g/100 ℃

Description

Lithium carbonate (molecular structure is Li2CO3, English name is lithium carbonate) as a colorless monoclinic crystal or white powder. Density is 2.11. Melting point is 618 ℃. Without deliquescence, it is stable in the air. Low solubility in water, the solubility decreases with increasing temperature. Solubility in cold water is greater than hot water. It is Soluble in dilute acid, insoluble in alcohol and acetone. Carbon dioxide is introduced into the aqueous suspension of lithium carbonate, lithium carbonate is converted to lithium acid carbonate and dissolved. If the solution of lithium acid carbonate is heated and then it releases carbon dioxide and precipitates lithium carbonate. The nature of the lithium carbonate may be used to remove impurities from lithium carbonate. Since lithium ion has a strong polarizability, thus thermal stability of lithium carbonate is worse than other alkali metal carbonate, when heated to above the melting point, it will decompose to produce carbon dioxide and lithium oxide.

Uses

The lithium carbonate industry is a global high monopoly industry, the current production capacity is mainly concentrated in three foreign manufacturers of SQM, FMC, Chemetall and so on.
Industrial lithium carbonate is used in the manufacture of other lithium salts, such as lithium chloride and lithium bromide and so on. It also acts as lithium oxide materials in enamel, glass, pottery and porcelain enamel, and it is also added to the electrolytic cell for electrolysis of aluminum to increase the current efficiency and reduce the internal resistance of the cell and the bath temperature. In medicine, it is mainly used for the treatment of mania, can improve their emotional disorders for schizophrenia. It has the effect of elevating peripheral leukocytes; can be used for synthetic rubber, dyes, semiconductor and military defense industry and so on; for the production of lithium tantalate, lithium niobate and other acoustic grade single crystal, optical grade monocrystalline etc; for preparation of the acoustic grade single crystal. 
Battery grade lithium carbonate is mainly used for the preparation of lithium cobalt oxide, lithium manganese oxide, ternary materials, lithium iron phosphate and other lithium ion battery cathode materials; used in a matrix modifier; as aneuroprotective effect of lithium carbonate in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.

Toxicity

Lithium carbonate has a significant stimulating effect, firstly has damage on the gastrointestinal tract, kidney and central nervous system. Toxicity order of lithium compounds is Li <LiCl <Li2CO3, maximum allowable concentration: Lithium condensation and fragmentation aerosol were 0.05 mg/m3 and 0.5 mg/m3.
Wear rubber gloves and protective masks when working, in order to protect the respiratory organs against dust.

Preparation

Lithium carbonate is obtained as an intermediate product in recovery of lithium metal from its ore, spodumene (See Lithium). It is prepared by mixing a hot and concentrated solution of sodium carbonate with lithium chloride or sulfate solution.
Li2SO4+ Na2CO3→Li2CO3+ Na2SO4

Reactions

Lithium carbonate reacts with dilute acids, liberating carbon dioxide:
Li2CO3+ HCl →LiCl + CO2+ H2O
Thermal decompostion yields lithium oxide and carbon dioxide:
Li2CO3 → Li2O + CO2
Reaction with lime produces lithium hydroxide:
Li2CO3+ Ca(OH)2→2LiOH + CaCO3
The carbonate reacts with molten aluminum fluoride converting to lithium fluoride:
3Li2CO3+ 2AlF3 → 6LiF + 3CO2+ Al2O3
It combines with carbon dioxide in aqueous slurry forming soluble bicarbonate, which decomposes to carbonate upon heating:
Li2CO3+ CO2+ H2O →2LiHCO3
The bicarbonate can not be separated in solid form. It exists only in solution when carbonate dissolves in water saturated with CO2under pressure.

Chemical Properties

White or almost white powder.

Chemical Properties

Lithium carbonate is a white hygroscopic powder.

Uses

In the production of glazes on ceramic and electrical porcelain.

Definition

lithium carbonate: A white solid,Li2CO3; r.d. 2.11; m.p. 723°C; decomposesabove 1310°C. It is producedcommercially by treating the ore with sulphuric acid at 250°C andleaching the product to give a solutionof lithium sulphate. The carbonateis then obtained by precipitationwith sodium carbonate solution.Lithium carbonate is used in the preventionand treatment of manicdepressivedisorders. It is also usedindustrially in ceramic glazes.

Indications

Lithium inhibits thyroidal incorporation of I- into Tg, as well as the secretion of thyroid hormones, but it does not inhibit the activity of the Na+-I- symporter or the accumulation of I- within the thyroid. Lithium offers no particular advantage over drugs of the thionamide class but may be employed for temporary control of thyrotoxicosis in patients who are allergic to both thionamides and iodide.

brand name

Eskalith (GlaxoSmithKline); Lithane (Bayer); Lithobid (JDS); Lithonate (Solvay Pharmaceuticals).

General Description

Lithiumcarbonate (Eskalith, Lithane) and lithium citrate(Cibalith-S) are the salts commercially available in theUnited States.

Reactivity Profile

A base. Decomposed by acids with the evolution of carbon dioxide. Fluorine burns fiercely on contact with Lithium carbonate.

Safety Profile

Human carcinogenic data. Poison by intraperitoneal and intravenous routes. Moderately toxic by ingestion and subcutaneous routes. Human systemic effects by ingestion: toxic psychosis, tremors, changes in fluid intake, muscle weakness, increased urine volume, nausea or vomiting, allergic dermatitis. Human reproductive effects by ingestion: effects on newborn, including Apgar score changes and other neonatal measures or effects. Human teratogenic effects by ingestion: developmental abnormalities of the cardiovascular system, central nervous system, musculoskeletal and gastrointestinal systems. An experimental teratogen. Experimental reproductive effects. Experimental carcinogen producing leukemia and thyroid tumors. Human mutation data reported. Used in the treatment of manic-depressive psychoses. Incompatible with fluorine. See also LITHIUM COMPOUNDS.

Potential Exposure

Lithium carbonate is used in treatment of manic-depressive psychoses; to make ceramics and porcelain glaze; varnishes, dyes, pharmaceuticals, coating of arc-welding electrodes; battery alloys; nucleonics, luminescent paints; glass ceramics; lubricating greases; in aluminum production

First aid

Move victim to fresh air. Call 911 or emergency medical service. Give artificial respiration if victim is not breathing. Do not use mouth-to-mouth method if victim ingested or inhaled the substance; give artificial respiration with the aid of a pocket mask equipped with a one-way valve or other proper respiratory medical device. Administer oxygen if breathing is difficult. Remove and isolate contaminated clothing and shoes. In case of contact with substance, immediately flush skin or eyes with running water for at least 20 minutes. For minor skin contact, avoid spreading material on unaffected skin. Keep victim warm and quiet. Effects of exposure (inhalation, ingestion, or skin contact) to substance may be delayed. Ensure that medical personnel are aware of the material(s) involved and take precautions to protect themselves. Medical observation is recommended for 24 to 48 hours after breathing overexposure, as pulmonary edema may be delayed. As first aid for pulmonary edema, a doctor or authorized paramedic may consider administering a drug or other inhalation therapy

Shipping

UN2811 Toxic solids, organic, n.o.s., Hazard Class: 6.1; Labels: 6.1-Poisonous materials, Technical Name Required

Purification Methods

Crystallise it from water. Its solubility decreases as the temperature is raised. The solubility in H2O is 1.3% at ~10o, and 0.7% at ~100o. [D.nges in Handbook of Preparative Inorganic Chemistry (Ed. Brauer) Academic Press Vol I p 987 1963, Caley & Elving Inorg Synth I 1 1939.]

Incompatibilities

The aqueous solution is a strong base. Reacts violently with acids, powdered calcium and fluorine.Incompatible with oxidizers (chlorates, nitrates, peroxides, permanganates, perchlorates, chlorine, bromine, fluorine, etc.); contact may cause fires or explosions. Keep away from alkaline materials, strong acids, powdered calcium, fluorine, moisture. Corrodes aluminum, copper, zinc.

Lithium carbonate Preparation Products And Raw materials

Raw materials

Preparation Products


Lithium carbonate Suppliers

Global( 309)Suppliers
Supplier Tel Fax Email Country ProdList Advantage
Frapp's ChemicalNFTZ Co., Ltd.
+86 (576) 8169-6106
+86 (576) 8169-6105 sales@frappschem.com China 886 50
Henan DaKen Chemical CO.,LTD.
+86-371-55531817
info@dakenchem.com CHINA 21910 58
Henan Tianfu Chemical Co.,Ltd.
0371-55170693
0371-55170693 info@tianfuchem.com CHINA 20680 55
Mainchem Co., Ltd.
+86-0592-6210733
+86-0592-6210733 sales@mainchem.com CHINA 32457 55
Hefei TNJ Chemical Industry Co.,Ltd.
86-0551-65418684 18949823763
86-0551-65418684 info@tnjchem.com China 1752 55
Xiamen AmoyChem Co., Ltd
+86 (0)592-605 1114
sales@amoychem.com CHINA 6374 58
Hebei Chisure Biotechnology Co., Ltd.
+8613091036086; +8613292890173
+8613292893290 sandy@speedgainpharma.com; luna@speedgainpharma.com CHINA 1019 58
career henan chemical co
+86-371-86658258
sales@coreychem.com CHINA 20642 58
Chemwill Asia Co.,Ltd.
86-21-51086038
86-21-51861608 chemwill_asia@126.com;sales@chemwill.com;chemwill@hotmail.com;chemwill@gmail.com CHINA 23982 58
Hubei Jusheng Technology Co.,Ltd.
86-188-71490254
peter@hubeijusheng.com CHINA 20094 58

View Lastest Price from Lithium carbonate manufacturers

Image Release date Product Price Min. Order Purity Supply Ability Manufacturer
2019-04-04 Lithium carbonate in stock Factory
554-13-2
US $1.00 / kg 1kg High quality purified manufacturer Top 3 production capacity Factory Chemwill Asia Co.,Ltd.
2018-08-06 Lithium carbonate
554-13-2
US $1.00 / KG 1KG 98% 1 career henan chemical co
2019-01-21 Lithium Carbonate
554-13-2
US $10.00 / Kg 1Kg 99%min 10000kg/week Hebei Chisure Biotechnology Co., Ltd.

Lithium carbonate Spectrum


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