2-나프톨

2-나프톨
2-나프톨 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
135-19-3
한글명:
2-나프톨
동의어(한글):
2-나프톨;B-히드록시나프탈렌;아조겐현상액;이소나프톨;현상액AMS;2-히드록시나프탈렌;B-나프톨;베타-나프톨;베타-나프틸수산화물;베타-나프틸알코올;베타-모노옥시나프탈렌;베타-히드록시나프탈렌;2-나프톨;베타-나프톨;베타-나프틸알코올;베타-나프틸수산화물;이소나프톨;2-하이;C.I. Azoic Coupling Component 1;C.I. 현상액 5
상품명:
2-Naphthol
동의어(영문):
naphthalen-2-ol;2-naphthalenol;2-HYDROXYNAPHTHALENE;BETA NAPTHOL;BETA-NAPHTHOL;2-Naphtol;β-Naphthol;B-NAPHTHOL;2-Naftol;BETA NAPHTHO
CBNumber:
CB9336283
분자식:
C10H8O
포뮬러 무게:
144.17
MOL 파일:
135-19-3.mol
MSDS 파일:
SDS

2-나프톨 속성

녹는점
120-122 °C(lit.)
끓는 점
285-286 °C(lit.)
밀도
1,28 g/cm3
증기 밀도
4.97 (vs air)
증기압
10 mm Hg ( 145.5 °C)
굴절률
1.5762 (estimate)
인화점
153 °C
저장 조건
Store below +30°C.
용해도
메탄올: 가용성 1g/10mL, 투명, 무색~연황색
산도 계수 (pKa)
9.51(at 25℃)
물리적 상태
분말, 결정 또는 과립
색상
하얀색
pH 범위
Non& uorescence (8.5) to blue & uorescence (9.5)
냄새
희미한 페놀 같은 냄새
수용성
1g/L(20℃)
최대 파장(λmax)
226nm, 265nm, 275nm, 286nm, 320nm, 331nm
Merck
14,6384
BRN
742134
안정성
안정적인. 타기 쉬운. 먼지는 공기와 혼합되어 폭발성 혼합물을 형성할 수 있습니다. 강력한 산화제인 페놀과 호환되지 않습니다.
주요 응용
Display device, semiconductors, photoimaging materials, inks, toner, chalk, security paper, molding materials, tin plating method, rubber, adhesive, leather, detergent, hair dyes, antimitotic drug, anticancer agent, antiinflammatory agent, treatment of acne vulgaris (pimples) and other dermal ailments (rashes, scratches, blemishes, hair loss), disorders
InChIKey
JWAZRIHNYRIHIV-UHFFFAOYSA-N
LogP
1.89 at 20℃
CAS 데이터베이스
135-19-3(CAS DataBase Reference)
NIST
2-Naphthalenol(135-19-3)
EPA
2-Naphthalenol (135-19-3)
안전
  • 위험 및 안전 성명
  • 위험 및 사전주의 사항 (GHS)
위험품 표기 Xn,N
위험 카페고리 넘버 20/22-50
안전지침서 24/25-61
유엔번호(UN No.) UN 3077 9/PG 3
WGK 독일 2
RTECS 번호 QL2975000
F 고인화성물질 8
자연 발화 온도 430 °C
TSCA Yes
위험 등급 9
포장분류 III
HS 번호 29071590
유해 물질 데이터 135-19-3(Hazardous Substances Data)
독성 LD50 orally in Rabbit: 1960 mg/kg LD50 dermal Rabbit > 10000 mg/kg
기존화학 물질 KE-25704
그림문자(GHS): GHS hazard pictogramsGHS hazard pictogramsGHS hazard pictograms
신호 어: Danger
유해·위험 문구:
암호 유해·위험 문구 위험 등급 범주 신호 어 그림 문자 P- 코드
H317 알레르기성 피부 반응을 일으킬 수 있음 피부 과민성 물질 구분 1 경고 GHS hazard pictograms P261, P272, P280, P302+P352,P333+P313, P321, P363, P501
H318 눈에 심한 손상을 일으킴 심한 눈 손상 또는 자극성 물질 구분 1 위험 GHS hazard pictograms P280, P305+P351+P338, P310
H400 수생생물에 매우 유독함 수생 환경유해성 물질 - 급성 구분 1 경고 GHS hazard pictograms P273, P391, P501
예방조치문구:
P273 환경으로 배출하지 마시오.
P280 보호장갑/보호의/보안경/안면보호구를 착용하시오.
P301+P312 삼켜서 불편함을 느끼면 의료기관(의사)의 진찰을 받으시오.
P302+P352 피부에 묻으면 다량의 물로 씻으시오.
P305+P351+P338 눈에 묻으면 몇 분간 물로 조심해서 씻으시오. 가능하면 콘택트렌즈를 제거하시오. 계속 씻으시오.
NFPA 704
1
0

2-나프톨 MSDS


Naphthyl alcohol

2-나프톨 C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산

화학적 성질

2-Naphthol is a white, crystalline solid. Slight phenolic odor. Darkens in air and on exposure to light. 2-Naphthol [135-19-3] b-naphthol, 2- naphthalenol, 2-hydroxynaphthalene, C10H8O, Mr 144.16, forms colorless plates upon sublimation, which darken on exposure to air or light. Unlike 1-naphthol it is nonvolatile in steam. 2-Naphthol is reduced with sodium or with hydrogen in the presence of a catalyst to give mainly 1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-2-naphthol (unlike 1- naphthol which gives the arylphenol under the same conditions). Oxidation with ferric chloride forms 2,20 -dihydroxy-1,10 -binaphthyl, with any blue coloration indicating the presence of 1- naphthol. Air oxidation at 300℃ with a vanadium pentoxide catalyst also yields 1,10 -bi-2-naphthol, which dehydrates at higher temperature to the oxide and finally decomposes to give benzoic acid. Treatment with sulfuryl chloride in carbon disulfide or with NaOCl – NaOH leads to 1- chloro-2-naphthol, whereas chlorine in sodium carbonate gives 8-chloro-2-naphthol ( plus 1, 10 - bi-2-naphthol). Reaction with phosphorus pentachloride at 150℃ gives 2-chloronaphthalene or at lower temperature, tri-2-naphthyl phosphate (mp 111℃), which can be isolated after treatment of the reaction mixture with alkali. Reaction with one equivalent of bromine in acetic acid gives 1-bromo-2-naphthol, whereas excess bromine yields 1,6-dibromo-2-naphthol. The latter is readily debrominated in dilute mineral acid to yield 6-bromo-2-naphthol. Excess bromine reacts with 2-naphthol at 100℃ to form 1,5,6- tribromo- and 1,3,5,6-tetrabromo-2-naphthol.

용도

2-Naphthol is used in the manufacture of dyes, perfumes, and medicinal organics, and in the production of antioxidants for synthetic rubber.

제조 방법

2-Naphthol is produced by caustic fusion of naphthalene-2-sulfonic acid. Typically, the sodium salt of the sulfonic acid is added gradually to 50 % sodium hydroxide liquor at 300℃; the melt is then heated further at 320℃ in a gas-fired iron vessel with vigorous agitation. After completion of the reaction, the melt is run into excess water, possibly including filtrate from the previous batch at a proven tolerable level, and the naphtholate solution is neutralized to pH 8 with dilute sulfuric acid. If the temperature is maintained at >100℃ during neutralization, the crude product comes out of solution as an oil, which is separated, washed with hot water, and distilled under vacuum to give pure 2-naphthol. The molten material is processed through a flaker to give the final product for packaging. The fusion yield is about 80 % of the theoretical value, resulting in an overall yield of 70 % based on naphthalene. Typical specifications for 2-naphthol are clear solution in dilute caustic soda,  mp 120.5℃, and 1-naphthol content<0.3 %.
The newer method of manufacture is economically and environmentally favored in the United States, because despite requiring three stages, it is more amenable to continuous operation with recycle streams. The alkylation and isomerization are carried out up to 240℃ with a phosphoric acid catalyst. Final catalytic oxidation at 90 – 110℃ gives the hydroperoxide, which is cleaved with dilute sulfuric acid to give 2-naphthol in high overall yield in spite of modest oxidation conversion.

정의

ChEBI: 2-naphthol is a naphthol carrying a hydroxy group at position 2. It has a role as an antinematodal drug, a genotoxin, a human xenobiotic metabolite, a mouse metabolite, a human urinary metabolite and a radical scavenger.

주요 응용

It is used to produce Tobias acid, J acid, 2-hydroxy-3-naphthoic acid and azo dyes, and it is the raw material for rubber antioxidants, mineral dressing agents, fungicides, antiseptics, preservatives, etc.
As feed preservative. In China, it can be used for citrus preservation, the maximum dosage amount is 0.1 g/kg and the residue amount should be no more than 70 mg/kg.
2-Naphthol, also called ?-naphthol, 2-naphthalenol, is the intermediate for plant growth regulator, 2-naphthoxyacetic acid.
As analytic agent, absorbent of ethylene and carbon monoxide, and fluorescence indicator.
Important organic raw material and dye intermediate, used to produce Tobias acid, butyric acid, β-hydroxynaphthoic acid and used to produce N-phenyl-2-naphthylamine, Diafen NN and other antioxidant, organic pigments, and fungicides.
For the detection of bromine, chlorine, chlorate, niobium, copper, nitrite, and potassium. Substrate for fluorometric assay of phenol sulfotransferase. Acid and alkali indicator, dyes, organic synthesis, qualitative determination of allyl alcohol, methanol, chloroform, etc. Absorbent of carbon monoxide, ethanol, and fluorescence indicator. Determination of carbon monoxide, copper, nitrite, and potassium. Ethylene absorbent.

화학 반응

2-Naphthol is naphthalene homologues of phenol, with the hydroxyl group being more reactive than in the phenols.2-Naphthol converts to 2-naphthalenethiol by reaction with dimethylthiocarbamoyl chloride via the Newman–Kwart rearrangement.

일반 설명

2-Naphthol (2OH) is a hydroxyarene molecule, which when electronically excited forms strong acid. Excited 2OH dissociates only in water. It has a slight phenolic odor. It is incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, strong bases, acid chlorides and acid anhydrides. It is one of the most commonly used fluorescence dye.

위험도

See α-naphthol

건강위험

Although the toxicity of 2-naphthol is of low order in test animals, ingestion of large amounts may result in nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, convulsions, and hemolytic anemia. Death may result from respiratory failure. The oral LD50 value in rats is in the range 2000 mg/kg. 2-Naphthol is slightly more toxic than 1-naphthol [9015-3], the oral LD50 value of which is in the range 2500 mg/kg.
Skin contact can produce peeling of the skin and pigmentation.

화재위험

Noncombustible solid.

Safety Profile

Poison by ingestion, inhalation, and subcutaneous routes. Mutation data reported. A skin and eye irritant. Combustible when exposed to heat or flame. To fight fire, use CO2, dry chemical. Incompatible with antipyrine, camphor, phenol, ferric salts, menthol, potassium permanganate and other oxidzing materials, urethane.

잠재적 노출

A potential danger to those involved in rubber antioxidant production, synthesis of dyes; leather processing; fungicides, pharmaceuticals, and perfumes. Used as an antioxidant for fats, oils; as an antiseptic; in insecticides.

운송 방법

UN2811 Toxic solids, organic, n.o.s., Hazard Class: 6.1; Labels: 6.1-Poisonous materials, Technical Name Required. UN3077 Environmentally hazardous substances, solid, n.o.s., Hazard Class: 9; Labels: 9-Miscellaneous hazardous material, Technical Name Required.

Purification Methods

Crystallise 2-naphthol from aqueous 25% EtOH (charcoal), H2O, *benzene, toluene or CCl4. Alternatively, extract it repeatedly with small amounts of EtOH, followed by dissolution in a minimum volume of EtOH and precipitation with distilled water, then drying over P2O5 under vacuum. It has also been dissolved in aqueous NaOH and precipitated by adding acid (repeat several times), then precipitated from *benzene by addition of heptane. Final purification can be by zone melting or sublimation in vacuo. The 4-nitrobenzoate has m 104o (from EtOH). [Bardez et al. J Phys Chem 89 5031 1985, Kikuchi et al. J Phys Chem 91 574 1987, Beilstein 6 IV 4253.]

비 호환성

Dust or powder may form explosive mixture with air. Incompatible with oxidizers (chlorates, nitrates, peroxides, permanganates, perchlorates, chlorine, bromine, fluorine, etc.); contact may cause fires or explosions. Keep away from alkaline materials, strong bases, strong acids, oxoacids, epoxides, iron salts; 2,3-dimethyl-1- phenyl-3-pyrazolin-5-one (antipyrine); camphor, phenol, menthol, urethane.

폐기물 처리

Mix with flammable solvent and atomize into an incinerator.

2-나프톨 준비 용품 및 원자재

원자재

준비 용품


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