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글리포세이트

글리포세이트
글리포세이트 구조식 이미지
카스 번호:
1071-83-6
한글명:
글리포세이트
동의어(한글):
글리포세이트;글리포세이트이소프로필아민염;글리포스산;글리포스산(GLYPHOSATE)
상품명:
Glyphosate
동의어(영문):
AMMO;TOTAL;ASSET;BRAKE;sting;RAUDO;rodeo;sonic;TILLER;Hockey
CBNumber:
CB7680517
분자식:
C3H8NO5P
포뮬러 무게:
169.07
MOL 파일:
1071-83-6.mol

글리포세이트 속성

녹는점
230 °C (dec.)(lit.)
밀도
1.74
인화점
230°C
저장 조건
APPROX 4°C
물리적 상태
solid
수용성
1.2 g/100 mL
분해온도
230 ºC
Merck
13,4525
BRN
2045054
안정성
Stable. Incompatible with metals, strong oxidizing agents, strong bases. May be light sensitive.
CAS 데이터베이스
1071-83-6(CAS DataBase Reference)
EPA
Glycine, N-(phosphonomethyl)-(1071-83-6)
안전
  • 위험 및 안전 성명
  • 위험 및 사전주의 사항 (GHS)
위험품 표기 Xi,N,Xn
위험 카페고리 넘버 41-51/53-62-37/38-36/37/38-36-22
안전지침서 26-39-61-2-37-36
유엔번호(UN No.) UN 3077 9/PG 3
WGK 독일 2
RTECS 번호 MC1075000
HS 번호 29319090
유해 물질 데이터 1071-83-6(Hazardous Substances Data)
독성 LD50 in rats, mice (mg/kg): 4873, 1568 orally (Bababunmi)
그림문자(GHS):
신호 어: Danger
유해·위험 문구:
암호 유해·위험 문구 위험 등급 범주 신호 어 그림 문자 P- 코드
H318 눈에 심한 손상을 일으킴 심한 눈 손상 또는 자극성 물질 구분 1 위험 P280, P305+P351+P338, P310
H411 장기적 영향에 의해 수생생물에 유독함 수생 환경유해성 물질 - 만성 구분 2
예방조치문구:
P273 환경으로 배출하지 마시오.
P280 보호장갑/보호의/보안경/안면보호구를 착용하시오.
P391 누출물을 모으시오.
P305+P351+P338 눈에 묻으면 몇 분간 물로 조심해서 씻으시오. 가능하면 콘택트렌즈를 제거하시오. 계속 씻으시오.
P501 ...에 내용물 / 용기를 폐기 하시오.

글리포세이트 MSDS


Bronco

글리포세이트 C화학적 특성, 용도, 생산

용도

숲, 농업, 차, 무리, 기업 및 수송의 분야에서 널리 이용되는

보관 및 운송

글리포세이트와 그것의 소금은 전부 불휘발성 이고, 광화학적으로 공기에서 안정되어 있습니다 타락하지 않으며. 글리포세이트는 PH 3, 6 및 9에 가수분해에 안정되어 있습니다 (5~35℃).

화학적 성질

Glyphosate is a broad-spectrum, non-selective systemic herbicide. It is a colorless crystal at room temperature and is soluble in acetone, ethanol, xylene, and water. Glyphosate is used for the control of annual and perennial plants, including grasses, sedges, broadleaved weeds, and woody plants. It can be used on non-cropland as well as on many varieties of crops. Glyphosate itself is an acid, but it is commonly used in salt form, most commonly isopropylamine salt. It may also be available in acidic or trimethylsulfonium salt forms. It is generally distributed as water-soluble concentrates and powders. Glyphosate is a GUP.

화학적 성질

Glyphosate, an organophosphate/carboxylic acid (substituted), is a colorless crystalline powder. Often used as a liquid in a carrier solvent which may change physical and toxicological properties.

용도

Nonselective, postemergence, broad spectrum herbicide used to control annual and perennial grasses, sedges, broad-leaved and emerged aquatic weeds. This herbicide is also used to control insects on fruit trees.

용도

Herbicide

일반 설명

Odorless white powder. Decomposition begins at approximately 419°F (darkens). pH (1% solution in water) 2.5.

반응 프로필

Glyphosate may react with galvanized steel or unlined steel (except stainless steel) containers to produce hydrogen gas which may form a highly combustible or explosive gas mixture. Glyphosate can react with caustic (basic) materials to liberate heat. Glyphosate is corrosive to iron.

건강위험

Glyphosate is practically non-toxic if ingested, with a reported acute oral LD50 of 5600 mg/kg in the rat. The toxicities of the technical acid (glyphosate) and the formulated product (Roundup) are nearly the same. Laboratory animals, such as rats, dogs, mice, and rabbits, exposed to glyphosate for 2 years did not indicate any kind of adverse health effects.

화재위험

Flash point data for Glyphosate are not available; however, Glyphosate is probably combustible.

Safety Profile

Poison by intraperitoneal route. Moderately toxic by ingestion. Human systemic effects: arrhythmias, blood pressure lowering, body temperature increase, change in heart rate, convulsions, darrhea, fibrosing alveolitis, fibrosis, hypermoultty, respiratory depression, respiratory stimulation. Used as an herbicide. When heated to decomposition it emits very toxic fumes of NOx and POx.

잠재적 노출

A potential danger to those involved in the manufacture, formulation, and application of this nonselective and nonresidual pre-emergence organophos phate herbicide. Has wide residential use in the United States for the control of weeds.

환경귀착

Soil. Degrades microbially in soil releasing phosphoric acid, N-nitrosoglyphosate (Newton et al., 1984), ammonia (Cremlyn, 1991), N,N-dimethylphosphinic acid, N-methylphosphinic acid, aminoacetic acid (glycine), N-methylaminoacetic acid (sarcosine), hydroxymethylphosphonic acid (Duke et al., 1991), aminomethylphosphonic acid (Normura and Hilton, 1977; Rueppel et al., 1977; Hoagland, 1980; Duke et al., 1991; Muir, 1991) and carbon dioxide (Sprankle et al., 1975; Cremlyn, 1991). N-Nitrosoglyphosate also formed from the nitrosation of glyphosate in soil solutions containing nitrite ions (Young and Kahn, 1978).
The reported half-life of glyphosate in soil is <60 days (Hartley and Kidd, 1987). In the laboratory, experimentally determined dissipation rates of glyphosate in a Lintonia sandy loam, Drummer silty clay, Norfolk sandy loam and Raye silty loam were 0.028
Plant. In a forest brush field ecosystem, the half-life of glyphosate in foliage and litter ranged from 10.4 to 26.6 days, respectively (Newton et al., 1984).
Photolytic. When an aqueous solution of glyphosate (1 ppm) was exposed to outdoor sunlight for 9 weeks (from August 12 through October 15, 1983), aminomethylphosphonic acid and ammonia formed as major and minor photoproducts, respectively (Lund-H?ie and Friestad, 1986). More than 90% degradation was observed after only 4 weeks of exposure. Photodegradation was also observed when an aqueous solution was exposedindoors to UV light (λ = 254 nm). The reported half-lives of this reaction at starting concentrations of 1.0 and 2,000 ppm were 4 days and 3–4 weeks, respectively. When aqueous solutions were exposed indoors to sodium light (λ = 550–650 nm) and mercury light (λ = 400–600 nm), no photo-degradation occurred (Lund-H?ie and Friestad, 1986).
Chemical/Physical. Under laboratory conditions, the half-life of glyphosate in natural waters was 7–10 weeks (Muir, 1991). A 1% aqueous solution has a pH of 2.5 (Keith and Walters, 1992). This suggests glyphosate will react with alkalies and amin

신진 대사 경로

The photolytic degradation of glyphosate results in the formation of glycine, (aminomethyl)phosphonic acid (AMPA), and NH3. Glyphosate undergoes nitrogen ? carbon cleavage on reaction with m- chloroperoxybenzoic acid, leading ultimately to many of the same products formed on their metabolism and environmental degradation. It is suggested that insoluble complexes of glyphosate with iron(III), copper(II), calcium, and magnesium ions are formed at near-neutral pH, a mechanism of which is the inactivation of glyphosate in contaminated groundwater.268 The bacterium degrades high levels of glyphosate, primarily by converting to AMPA. Appreciable uptake of glyphosate is observed with seedlings and leaves and to a lesser extent with culture cells in the form of non-metabolized glyphosate, with AMPA as the only detectable metabolite.

운송 방법

UN3077 Environmentally hazardous substances, solid, n.o.s., Hazard class: 9; Labels: 9-Miscellaneous haz ardous material, Technical Name Required.

비 호환성

Organophosphates are susceptible to for mation of highly toxic and flammable phosphine gas in the presence of strong reducing agents such as hydrides. Partial oxidation by oxidizing agents may result in the release of toxic phosphorus oxides. Compounds of the carboxyl group react with all bases, both inorganic and organic (i.e., amines) releasing substantial heat, water, and a salt that may be harmful. Incompatible with arsenic compounds (releases hydrogen cyanide gas), diazo compounds, dithio carbamates, isocyanates, mercaptans, nitrides, sulfides (releasing heat, toxic, and possibly flammable gases), thio sulfates, and dithionites (releasing hydrogen sulfate and oxides of sulfur). Solutions are corrosive to iron, unlined steel, and galvanized steel, forming a highly combustible or explosive gas mixture. Do not store glyphosate in contain ers made from these materials.

글리포세이트 준비 용품 및 원자재

원자재

준비 용품


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